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A Challenge: Modeling the Dynamics of the Inter-domain Routing in the Internet. Timothy G. Griffin Matthew Roughan Computer Laboratory School of Mathematical Sciences University of Cambridge University of Adelaide, Australia
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Timothy G. Griffin Matthew Roughan
Computer Laboratory School of Mathematical Sciences
University of Cambridge University of Adelaide, Australia
Mathematics for Networks Workshop
March 23 2005
EGP (= BGP)
IGP = Interior Gateway Protocol
Metric based: OSPF, IS-IS, RIP,
EGP = Exterior Gateway Protocol
Policy based: BGP
The Routing Domain of BGP is the entire Internet
Establish session on
TCP port 179
is ALIVE exchange
route UPDATE messages
Jan 11, 2005
Thanks to Geoff Huston: http://www.potaroo.net/
Jan 11, 2005
From AS 4637: Reach Network
rrc00.ripe.net at RIPE NCC, Amsterdam, collects default free routing updates from peers. From October 1999.
rrc01.ripe.net at LINX, London. Collects route updates announced by LINX members. From July 2000.
rrc02.ripe.net at SFINX, Paris. Collects route updates announced by SFINX members . From March 2001.
rrc03.ripe.net at AMS-IX, Amsterdam. Collects route updates announced by AMS-IX members. From January 2001.
rrc04.ripe.net at CIXP, Geneva. Collects route updates announced by CIXP members. From April 2001.
rrc05.ripe.net at VIX, Vienna. Collects route updates announced by VIX members. From June 2001.
rrc06.ripe.net at Otemachi, Japan. Collects route updates announced by JPIX members. From August 2001.
rrc07.ripe.net in Stockholm, Sweden. Collects route updates announced by the NETNOD members. From April 2002.
rrc08.ripe.net at San Jose (CA), USA. Collects route updates announced by the MAE-WEST members. From May 2002.
rrc09.ripe.net at Zurich, Switzerland. Collected route updates announced by the TIX members. From May 2003 to until early Feb 2004.
rrc10.ripe.net at Milan, Italy. Collects route updates announced by the MIX members. From Nov 2003.
rrc11.ripe.net at New York (NY), USA. Collects route updates announced by the NYIIX members. From Feb 2004.
rrc12.ripe.net at Frankfurt, Germany. Collects route updates announced by the DE-CIX members. From Jul 2004.
AOL (NoVa) 22.214.171.124 through AS1668
APAN (tpr2-tokyo) 126.96.36.199 through AS7660
ATT (SFO) 188.8.131.52 through AS7018
Abilene (Indiana) 184.108.40.206 through AS11537
Accretive (PAO) 220.127.116.11 through AS11608
Accretive (SEA) 18.104.22.168 through AS11608
Army Research Lab 22.214.171.124 through AS13
Broadwing (ADDS) 126.96.36.199 through AS6395
Broadwing (MAE-EAST) 188.8.131.52 through AS6395
Broadwing (MAE-WEST) 184.108.40.206 through AS6395
C&W USA (Santa Clara) 220.127.116.11 through AS3561
COMindico (AU) 18.104.22.168 through AS9942
Carrier1 (NYC) 22.214.171.124 through AS8918
EBONE (EU) 126.96.36.199 through AS1755
ELI (MAE-EAST) 188.8.131.52 through AS5650
ELI (MAE-WEST) 184.108.40.206 through AS5650
EPOCH (PAIX) 220.127.116.11 through AS4565
ESnet (GA) 18.104.22.168 through AS293
France Telecom (NYC) 22.214.171.124 through AS5511
GLOBIX (LINX) 126.96.36.199 through AS4513
GLOBIX (New York) 188.8.131.52 through AS4513
GLOBIX (Chicago) 184.108.40.206 through AS4513
GLOBIX (Palo Alto) 220.127.116.11 through AS4513
GT Group Tel (Toronto,CA) 18.104.22.168 through AS6539
Genuity (Palo Alto) 22.214.171.124 through AS1
GlobalCrossing (PAIX) 126.96.36.199 through AS3549
IAGnet (Chicago) 188.8.131.52 through AS267
IIJ (Japan) 184.108.40.206 through AS2497
ISC (Palo Alto) 220.127.116.11 through AS3557
Intermedia (MAE-EAST) 18.104.22.168 through AS2548
JINX (Johannesburg) 22.214.171.124 through AS2905
Jippii (ESPANIX/Spain) 126.96.36.199 through AS8782
LINX (London) 188.8.131.52 through AS5459
Level3 (Denver) 184.108.40.206 through AS3356
MFN/AboveNet (MAE-WEST) 220.127.116.11 through AS6461
MFS/MAE-lab (San Jose) 18.104.22.168 through AS6066
Nacamar (Frankfurt) 22.214.171.124 through AS3257
Netrail (MAE-WEST) 126.96.36.199 through AS4006
Port80 (Stockholm) 188.8.131.52 through AS16150
RCN (PAIX) 184.108.40.206 through AS6079
RCN (VA) 220.127.116.11 through AS6079
RIPE NCC (Amsterdam) 18.104.22.168 through AS3333
STARTAP (Chicago) 22.214.171.124 through AS10764
Sprint (Stockton) 126.96.36.199 through AS1239
Telefonica (New York) 188.8.131.52 through AS12956
Teleglobe (London,UK) 184.108.40.206 through AS8297
Teleglobe (PAIX) 220.127.116.11 through AS6453
Telstra (Sydney,AU) 18.104.22.168 through AS1221
TELUS (Toronto) 22.214.171.124 through AS852
TouchAmerica () 126.96.36.199 through AS19092
Verio () 188.8.131.52 through AS2914
Verio () 184.108.40.206 through AS2914
WCI Cable (Hillboro, OR) 220.127.116.11 through AS14608
Williams (San Francisco) 18.104.22.168 through AS7911
Williams (San Francisco) 22.214.171.124 through AS7911
X0 (Bay Area) 126.96.36.199 through AS2828
Zocalo (Berkeley) 188.8.131.52 through AS715
blackrose.org (Ann Arbor) 184.108.40.206 through AS234
netINS (Des Moines) 220.127.116.11 through AS5056
Many streams since 2001
route_btoa translates binary to ASCII
Data from rrc01.ripe.net (LINX, London)
Can we develop rigorous stochastic models for
Thanks to Abha Ahuja and Craig Labovit for this plot.
Real-time Global Routing Metrics
What is the sound of one route flapping?