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Food Sovereignty: Land, Water & Seeds Presbyterian Hunger Program. PEC: Ethical Earth Care! Andrew Kang Bartlett October 2013. Myriad Possible Entry Points. Why start from hunger? Nearly a billion go hungry Over a billion overeat Global Food/Farm System largest impact

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food sovereignty land water seeds presbyterian hunger program

Food Sovereignty: Land, Water & SeedsPresbyterian Hunger Program

PEC: Ethical Earth Care!

Andrew Kang Bartlett

October 2013

myriad possible entry points
Myriad Possible Entry Points
  • Why start from hunger?
  • Nearly a billion go hungry
  • Over a billion overeat
  • Global Food/Farm System largest impact
  • Greatest moral problem we face
poverty hunger
Poverty & Hunger
  • Approximately 3 billion living on less than $2 per day
  • 1.3 billion of these live on $1 or less per day
  • Most impoverished people are farmers, fishers & others who rely on agriculture
  • Family farmers feed 70% of world
no food shortage
No food shortage

Food production has kept up with population growth so far

  • The challenge will be to keep apace with population in the future
  • And by 2030, we may need about 50% more food production
where do the crops go
Where do the crops go?

LIVESTOCK & AGROFUELS

More than 1/3rd of grain produced in the world goes to livestock

US: 38% of corn crop used for ethanol (4.3 Billion bushels)

Remainder for food to eat

slide6
Modern-day

slavery & exploitation

slide8
Low pay, wage theft

& dead end jobs

industrial agriculture s impact
Industrial Agriculture’s Impact
  • Petroleum-intensive (1/3)
  • Corporate-shaped policies = overproduction & export/import
  • Environmental damage (largest)
  • Disease ($100-270 billion per year in U.S.) - Sahtouris
eating is central
Eating is central
  • Eating is where we interface daily and directly with planetary/biological system (i.e. God’s creation)
  • Air, water & food critical to life
  • Air (grace), sunshine (grace), water (grace), food (grace, sweat and radah--skilled mastery )
what might god s food system look like
What might God’s food system look like?

Food for all ~

  • Healthy and life-giving nutrition
  • Produced ecologically
  • Eaten in gratitude and with joy
  • Responsive in times of critical shortages and famines
  • Produced and shared in ways that ensure future generations can feed themselves
slide14
Food Security

Food Security views hunger as a lack of food and advocates for more production, increased government aid, and encourages voluntary, charitable donation.

Congregation and community-based feeding programs, food banks & large programmatic and sometimes education/advocacy non-profits

food security
Food Security
  • Food security is about access to safe and healthy food, but doesn’t take into account the social & environmental impacts of how and by whom the food is produced, processed and marketed.
  • Food sovereignty is bringing about a new paradigm. . .
systems thinking
Systems Thinking

We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. ~ Albert Einstein

Must move from binary, linear thinking to systems thinking

slide19
Food Sovereignty

Democratizing the food system

People’s right to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

in food sovereignty
In Food Sovereignty…
  • Farmers receive a fair price, and farmworkers and food chain workers are paid and treated well
  • 1st priority is to produce, store and distribute for local consumption, not as commodity on the global market
  • Producers and communities maintain control over land, water, seeds and other resources
slide21
Food Sovereignty

Food Sovereignty views hunger as a problem related to control of food systems. In Food Sovereignty, resources and policies focus on returning decision-making & control of food systems to people, communities, regions and nations.

PHP & increasing #s of US groups; social movements, mostly agrarian, largely from the Global South & alliances (USFSA)

problem
Problem

Pam, a 13-year-old living on Market and 41st

Barack, a 4-year-old in rural Cameroon

_________, a concerned person of faith

food sovereignty
Food Sovereignty
  • Farmers receive a fair price, and farmworkers and food chain workers are paid and treated well
  • Food is stored and distributed for local consumption and not traded as a commodity
  • Producers and communities maintain control over land, water, seeds and other resources
problem1
Problem

Pam, a 13-year-old living on Market and 41st (or in a shrinking rural town 30 miles from a supermarket)

slide26
Environmental Sustainability
  • reduced transport cost
  • reduced cold storage
  • reduced packaging
  • sustainable urban design (heat island effect, storm water, resource conservation)
slide27
Stewardship of Land
  • family farmers retain farm and land
  • urban sprawl limited land remains in the hands of people
  • vacant plots used for food and beauty
slide28
Community & Quality of Life
  • greater sense of place
  • different generations working together
  • bringing beauty to neighborhoods
slide29
Local Economic Activity
  • circulating local dollars (multiplier effect)
  • employment & job training
  • small farm businesses are relatively easy to start
slide30
Food Justice
  • right to fresh foods by all residents
  • elimination of food deserts
  • taking back control (democracy)
  • justice for farm workers and other workers in the food system
problem2
Problem

Barack, a 4-year-old in rural Cameroon

the battle for the future of agriculture
The Battle for the Future of Agriculture

Africa is the battleground

Green Revolution in Africa

versus

Agroecological Food Production

enough food
Enough Food
  • No lack of food on our planet, and farmers can grow even more if they get support
  • But the question is how to ensure a fair distribution of the food? Also, who will produce the food that the world needs?
cameroon
CAMEROON
  • Recurrent food crises in northern Cameroon
  • Food aid and speculation take place, increasing vulnerability for thousands of families
cameroon1
Cameroon
  • RELUFA worked with groups affected by hunger and created granaries to store food in villages
  • People now have food with dignity not only in times of scarcity, but anytime during the year
impact of food sovereignty in cameroon
Impact of food sovereignty in Cameroon
  • System helps break speculation; food (and seed) is now available in the communities all though the year
  • Gave voice to local groups
impact of food sovereignty in cameroon1
Impact of food sovereignty in Cameroon
  • The program allowed parents to focus not only on food, but on education for their children and other family needs
impact of food sovereignty program in cameroon
Impact of Food Sovereignty program in Cameroon

Communities are now mobilizing to move to the next step and have their voices heard in agricultural policy choices

the battle for the future of agriculture1
The Battle for the Future of Agriculture

Green Revolution in Africa

versus

Agroecological Food Production

new green revolution for africa
New “Green” Revolution for Africa
  • Promoting high-tech, industrial agriculture model:
    • Biotechnology (GMOs), hybrid seeds requiring irrigation, fertilizer, pesticides
    • Productivity seriously drops when complete (expensive) package not available
agroecological food production
Agroecological Food Production
  • Sustainable and organic approaches
  • Conservation farming
  • Sustainable fishing
  • Support needed to scale up
slide43
Meta-study compared data from nearly 100 studies of conventional and sustainable/organic agriculture, concluded:
  • worldwide switch to organics could increase global food production by as much as 50%

-- enough to feed a population of 9 billion people

without any additionalland

slide44
Confirms earlier research: 2003 peer-reviewed analysis of 208 projects (with almost 9 million farmers) in over 50 developing countries found a93% increase in food production when farmers switched to sustainable methods.
problem3
Problem

________, a concerned person of faith

apply a systems approach
Apply a systems approach

Pam, a 13-year-old living on Market and 41st

Barack, a 4-year-old in rural Cameroon

  • Social theater, political, community assets, relationships, ownership, power dynamics, money, biological, animals, micro-organisms, consciousness…
problem4
Problem

Pam, a 13-year-old living on Market and 41st

Barack, a 4-year-old in rural Cameroon

What perspectives aren’t included in addressing problems that systems thinking could contribute?

Come up with at least one new approach…

slide48
Build Alternatives and Resist:Create, play, build, grow locally & JOIN in solidarity with people around the U.S. + world

US Food Sovereignty Alliance * www.usfoodsovereigntyalliance.org

slide49
Inner work to align with God/the Source (yoga, silence, running…)
  • Find kindred spirits, dedicate time to develop relationships (eat together, worship, laugh a lot, show up for each other…)
  • Community work to strengthen web of connections, make interdependence obvious (timebank, group work…)
  • Find your gifts & share them
  • Follow your bliss
slide50
Food Sovereignty

Democratizing the food system

People’s right to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

food sovereignty strategies
Food SovereigntyStrategies
  • 1) Connect with social movements (e.g. Via Campesina) and organize
  • 2) Build local food economies here and everywhere
food sovereignty strategies1
Food SovereigntyStrategies
  • 3) Create policy climate so sustainable food systems can grow (trade, debt, ag policy)
  • 4) Resist forces that perpetuate destructive, unjust industrial food system (anti-trust/corporate control)
food sovereignty connections
Food Sovereignty Connections
  • 1) WCC/PWE: Life-Giving Agriculture
  • 2) Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance: Food for Life Campaign
  • 3) Covenanting for Justice: Economic links around poverty & exploitation…
  • 4) Strong Social Movements – peasant, enviro, health, food systems
food sovereignty connections1
Food Sovereignty Connections
  • 5) Climate Change/Environmental Impact: Food is a top priority
  • 6) Food Sovereignty is at the nexus of hunger, land/water stewardship, environment, local control, and justice
  • 7) Central to Christian mission: If you care about people, food and hunger is central to one’s witness
slide60
From Understanding to Caring
  • God’s creation as sacred
  • regaining agrarian values and behaviors
2013 php vistas
2013 PHP VISTAs
  • Gina (national focus), Todd, Amber & Emily (Louisville)
  • Elise, Ilana & Whitney in Indianapolis
  • Casey in Cincinnati
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