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Students’ first-year experience and learning outcomes. Ellen Jansen Marjon Bruinsma University of Groningen/ UOCG e.p.w.a.jansen@rug.nl. University of Groningen. University Centre for Learning and Teaching. Dutch abbreviation UOCG Teacher training for secondary and higher education

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students first year experience and learning outcomes

Students’ first-year experience and learning outcomes

Ellen Jansen

Marjon Bruinsma

University of Groningen/ UOCG

e.p.w.a.jansen@rug.nl

university of groningen
University of Groningen

University of Groningen UOCG

university centre for learning and teaching
University Centre for Learning and Teaching
  • Dutch abbreviation UOCG
  • Teacher training for secondary and higher education
  • Quality assurance and educational development
  • Research

University of Groningen UOCG

slide4
UOCG

University of Groningen UOCG

success rates first year s exam
Success rates first-year’s exam

University of Groningen UOCG

research question
Research question

How can we explain students’ learning outcomes in the first year of study from students’ experiences?

University of Groningen UOCG

slide7
Data
  • PhD-thesis Marjon Bruinsma (2003)

Effectiveness of higher education

Bruinsma, M (2004) in: Learning and Instruction

Jansen, E.P.W.A. & Bruinsma, M. (2005) in: Educational Research and Evaluation

Bruinsma, M. & Jansen, E.P.W.A. (acc.) in: School Effectiveness and School improvement

University of Groningen UOCG

model

learningapproach

Motivation to study

Pre-entry characteristics

course

experience

First-year’s GPA

Model

University of Groningen UOCG

research design
Research design

Two cohorts first year students 1999 and 2000

Two cases :

Faculty of Arts (n=296)

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

(n=154)

University of Groningen UOCG

instruments
Instruments

Student level:

  • questionnaire on study behaviour

(deep information processing strategies)

  • questionnaire on motivation to study
  • student ratings of courses

University of Groningen UOCG

student characteristics
Student characteristics
  • grades in pre-university education
  • gender and age
  • grades on courses in the first year

University of Groningen UOCG

rating forms
Rating forms
  • Each department has their own form
  • Points in common:

- rating on instructor

- match literature and lectures

- workload

- exam reflected the course content well

- general satisfaction

University of Groningen UOCG

ratings and study approach
Ratings and study approach

nat. sciences arts

instruction .39 cr

load -.24 cr -.18 bc

exam .37 cr

match .37 cr

satisfaction .31 cr

University of Groningen UOCG

correlations with first year s gpa
Correlations with first-year’s GPA

arts nat. science

ability .54 .29

gender .14

age .46

procrastination -.32 -.28

load .22

instructor .18

general satisfaction .14

University of Groningen UOCG

ratings
Ratings

Correlations with general satisfaction

arts nat. sciences

instructor .43 .63

load -.29 .11

match .64 .45

exam .55 .38

University of Groningen UOCG

discussion points
Discussion points
  • Why can’t we find an effect from course on learning strategies and GPA?
  • Why is there hardly any effect from deep information processing strategies on outcome?

University of Groningen UOCG

conclusions
conclusions
  • Ratings can be used for more than only feedback to instructor
  • Be sensitive for disciplinary differences
  • Motivation to study affects study approach
  • Attention for the first months of the first year

University of Groningen UOCG