Training technical assistance monitoring and a 133 audits
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Training, Technical Assistance, Monitoring and A-133 Audits. A-133 Audit Requirements. In 1984 the Single Audit Act was enacted. This was to improve audit coverage of federal monies In 1997 OMB issued revised Circular A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit Organizations

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A 133 audit requirements
A-133 Audit Requirements

  • In 1984 the Single Audit Act was enacted. This was to improve audit coverage of federal monies

  • In 1997 OMB issued revised Circular A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit Organizations

  • Sets uniform standards for the audit of States, local governments, and non-profit organizations expending Federal awards

A 133 audit requirements1
A-133 Audit Requirements

  • Requires audit of “non-Federal entities” expending more than $500,000 of Federal awards in a single year

  • If expenditures are all in one Federal program, may be “program-specific” audit

  • Otherwise, must be entity-wide Single Audit

Who performs the county single audit
Who performs the county Single Audit?

  • Auditor of State (AOS), or

  • Independent Public Accountant (IPA)

    • May be at county request or at AOS initiative

    • AOS must approve scope of audit and perform quality assurance review

What is the scope of an a 133 audit
What is the scope of an A-133 audit?

  • Review 14 compliance requirements which cover all concepts of the program

  • Review 50% of federal dollars/25% if low-risk auditee (but must cover all Type A high-risk programs)

  • Report questioned costs over $10,000 (actual or projected), material non-compliance and material internal control citations

Major program concept
“Major Program” Concept

  • Risk-based approach used to determine “major programs” to be audited

  • Requires identification of “Type A” and Type B” federal programs from Schedule of Federal Awards Expended

  • Six basic steps to identify programs to be tested:

    • Identify Type A programs

    • Determine “high risk” Type A programs

Major program concept1
“Major Program” Concept

  • Identify Type B programs

  • Select “high risk” Type B programs

  • Replace “low risk” Type A programs with “high risk” Type B programs

  • Apply “percentage of coverage” rule at 50% or 25%, as applicable

Hours and cost
Hours and Cost

  • Factors that influence audit hours and cost:

    • 14 Administrative Requirements

      • Applicable per AOS: Activities Allowed, Cash Management, Period of Availability, Reporting

      • May be Applicable per AOS: Allowable Costs, Eligibility, Equipment and Real Property, Matching, Procurement, Subrecipient Monitoring, Special Tests and Provisions

      • May not be Applicable per AOS: Davis-Bacon Act, Program Income, Real Property Acquisition/Relocation Assistance

Hours and cost1
Hours and Cost

  • Number of Case Files or Transactions

  • Centralized Testing (RMS, Indirect Cost Programs)

  • Condition of Records

  • Retrieval Time of Records


  • Cost of a Single Audit is an allowable reimbursable cost

  • County will be charged by AOS for time auditing county agencies

  • Proportion of cost will be allocated to each county department

A 133 audit report components
A-133 Audit Report Components

  • An opinion on the financial statements

  • A report on the county’s internal controls – reportable conditions and material weaknesses

  • Information on a county’s compliance with program requirements along with findings and questioned costs

  • Could include a corrective action plan when there is an audit finding

The auditor s assessment of internal control and compliance testing
The Auditor’s Assessment of Internal Control and Compliance Testing

  • The Auditor will:

    • Identify your processes for administering “major” programs

    • Identify “key” internal controls

    • Test key controls

      • Are the controls properly designed?

      • Have the controls been placed in operation?

      • Are the controls functioning as designed?

The auditor s assessment of internal control and compliance testing1
The Auditor’s Assessment of Internal Control and Compliance Testing

  • The results of the Auditor’s tests of internal control are used to assess control risk

    • If control risk is low, the Auditor may reduce the extent of testing

    • If control risk is medium or high, the Auditor may keep the extent of testing the same or increase the extent of testing

The auditor s assessment of internal control and compliance testing2
The Auditor’s Assessment of Internal Control and Compliance Testing

  • How can you encourage the Auditor to reduce the extent of testing?

    • Document your processes and the related internal controls

    • Maintain good documentation of your activities

      • Establish and maintain an effective records retention process

      • Document reviews of records, checks, authorizations and supervisory reviews

      • Establish policies and procedures with reasonable flexibility

Common issues
Common Issues Compliance Testing

  • Missing case files

  • Failure to monitor subrecipients

  • Missing documentation in case files

  • Improper claiming of building costs

  • Non-compliance with procurement requirements/failure to document

Common issues1
Common Issues Compliance Testing

  • Improper claiming of equipment costs

  • Improper charges in cost pools

  • RMS issues

  • Interfund transfers charged as costs

A 133 audit resolution
A-133 Audit Resolution Compliance Testing

  • Within six months of receiving a copy of the county’s Single Audit, ODJFS must:

    • Issue a management decision on whether it sustains the audit finding(s) affecting their grant awards

    • The reason for its decision

    • The corrective action the county must take along with time frames

Initiatives to prepare for county a 133 single audits
Initiatives to Prepare for County A-133 Single Audits Compliance Testing

  • Federal Grants Management Monitoring Reviews, Technical Assistance and Training Plan

    • New consulting-based monitoring reviews

    • Technical assistance, including consulting services

    • Expanded training programs

Core principles
Core Principles Compliance Testing

  • Purpose is comprehensive and integrated model of technical assistance, training and monitoring, based upon eight core principles:

    • Solution Oriented

    • State and County Collaboration

    • County to County Collaboration

    • Differentiated Services

Core principles cont d
Core Principles Compliance Testing, cont’d

  • Risk-Based Approach

  • Integrated Technical Assistance, Training and Monitoring

  • Leveraging Resources

  • Maximizing Use of Technology

Key definitions
Key Definitions Compliance Testing

  • Technical Assistance – needs-based, focused and solution-oriented provision of technical knowledge, guidance and information to meet federal and state expectations

    • Fiscal Services – financial accounting and reporting issues

    • Program Offices – program design and policy development

    • ORAA – process design and enhancement

Key definitions cont d
Key Definitions, cont’d Compliance Testing

  • Training – broad-based, planned, structured educational programs to communicate federal and state expectations, and methods to effectively and efficiently meet these expectations and improve performance

  • Division of responsibility by Fiscal Services, Program Offices, and ORAA would track that for technical assistance, noted above

Key definitions cont d1
Key Definitions, cont’d Compliance Testing

  • Monitoring – risk-based reviews of county family services agencies administrative practices to gauge performance, provide information for improvement and identification of best practices, and identify training needs and provide technical assistance specific to the agency in question

Relationship of training technical assistance and monitoring
Relationship of Training, Technical Assistance and Monitoring

  • Training tells you what you need to know and do to have successful federal grants management

  • Technical Assistance tells you how to do it

  • Monitoring measures how well you do it and identifies impediments to success

County agency needs
County Agency Needs Monitoring

  • Support in navigating initial A-133 Single Audits

  • Guidance on existing known county issues

  • County-specific consulting assistance on request

  • Assessment of the effectiveness of training and technical assistance

Value added services
Value-Added Services Monitoring

  • It is challenging and necessary to provide value-added technical assistance, training and monitoring which benefits county agencies

  • Necessary characteristics include:

    • Meet county agency needs for support and guidance

    • Assist county agencies in improving efficiency and effectiveness of local operations

Value added services cont d
Value-Added Services, cont’d Monitoring

  • Proactively assist counties in eliminating or reducing exposure to AOS A-133 Single Audit findings

  • Meet federal requirements for provision of technical assistance, training and monitoring

  • Eliminate ODJFS exposure to AOS A-133 Single Audit findings for inadequate county agency monitoring

Methods of providing technical assistance
Methods of Providing Technical Assistance Monitoring

  • Should vary by:

    • Size

    • Available resources

    • Preferences

  • Specific methods:

    • Consulting services

    • Technical and practice aids

Training methods
Training Methods Monitoring

  • Regional meetings on defined topics

  • Presentation at association conferences

  • Video training

Monitoring Monitoring

  • Objectives:

    • Meet federal requirements

    • Promote good management in county agencies

    • Provide positive benefit to county agencies

Monitoring cont d
Monitoring, cont’d Monitoring

  • Components

    • Guided Self-Assessments

    • Risk Assessment

    • On-Site Monitoring Reviews

    • Technical Assistance Reports

    • On-going Technical Assistance

    • On-going Training

Implementation Monitoring

  • Communicate plan to major associations

    • OJFSDA

    • OCDA

    • PCSAO

  • Identify pilot counties

  • Develop Guided Self Assessment

  • Develop Monitoring Assessment Tool

  • Develop Technical Assistance Report 

Implementation cont d
Implementation, cont’d Monitoring

  • Conduct initial assessments and reviews – underway

  • Issue initial Technical Assistance Reports - underway

  • Develop critical technical assistance materials - underway

  • Plan and develop critical training activities - underway

Conclusion Monitoring

  • The state cannot do it all

  • The state cannot achieve success by merely passing responsibilities to the counties

  • The state and counties can only succeed by recognizing their shared responsibilities, within federal constraints, for administration of our federal programs