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Sociolinguistics and the cultural components of language teaching. Brenda M. Martinez Professor: Evelyn Lugo ENGG 604. Objectives:. At the end of the presentation the participants the will be able to:

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Sociolinguistics and the cultural components of language teaching

Sociolinguistics and the cultural components of language teaching

Brenda M. Martinez

Professor: Evelyn Lugo

ENGG 604

Objectives: teaching

At the end of the presentation the participants the will be able to:

 Understand the concept of sociolinguistics and the effect of all aspects on society.

  • Appreciate the importance of the influence between cultural components and language.

  • Recognize all the sociolinguistic variations: phonological, morphology, concepts of signs and sign language.

  • Be familiar with the importance of functional approach of teaching language with a social connotation.

Introduction: teaching

This presentation intend to inform about the influence that different cultures has on language. The interaction with other culture enrich the language with different variations. We need to understand the culture we teach in order to transmit the appropriate meaning according to the cultural relevance. Targeting a functional approach with a social connotation. Been open to the changes the language endure during the years. Encouraging the students to learn also about the culture of the language, rather than only the grammatical and structure of the language.

By acknowledging this facts we will be able to facilitate the process of language acquisition and the students will be able to asset a broad knowledge.

Sociolinguistics teaching

  • Sociolinguistics is the study of the

    effect of all aspects on society, including

    cultural norms, expectations, and

    context, on the way language is used on


Sociolinguistics teaching

  • It also takes in consideration the different ways Language change between groups, influence by social circumstances like: ethnicity, religion , status, gender, level of education and age.

Sociolinguistic teaching

  • As the usage of a language varies from place to place (dialect), language usage change among social classes.

Cultural components
Cultural components teaching

  • The customs, heritage traditions, folklore, are the elements of specific characteristics that distinguish a social behavior of one country from another.

Sociolinguistic variation
Sociolinguistic variation: teaching

  • Different ways of saying the same thing. Words that mean the same but are grammatically different.

    Example: Couch, sofa, futon, daybed ect….

Sign variation
Sign variation teaching

  • One of the most important types of variation is regional variation. Signers in one part of a country may use different signs from signers in another part. These different varieties of the same language are called regional dialects.

Sign language variation
Sign language variation: teaching

  • Exist for different concepts.

  • Example: Birthday, (US and Canada).

Phonological variation
Phonological variation: teaching

Individual segments:

I. Make up words= when you add a regular words to a popular suffixes to get a humorous word, or a word that best describe what you want to say – but is not validated, or doesn’t exist in the dictionary.

Phonological variation1
Phonological Variation teaching

Make up word examples:

  • computertecnologist

  • bicyclistic

  • chocolisious etc……

Phonology variation
Phonology Variation: teaching

  • Phonology the sound system of a language.

  • Phonology Example : I did a college course when I lef 

Morphology variation
Morphology variation teaching

  • Morphology the branch of linguistics and (other major components of grammar), that study word structures (order).

  • Example: I left it because I was sleepy.

Functional approach
Functional approach teaching

  • Acknowledge that there is a fusion in a variety of language in use, and over time, these may become approve as local words in our standards.

  • Even the Real Academia Española has recognized and validated regional words.

Researchers explanation of linguistic variables
Researchers explanation of linguistic variables: teaching

  • Labov (1966) “a set of alternative ways of saying the same thing, although the alternatives will have social significance”

  • (1990, 223-24) Milroy “bit of language”

Researchers explanation of linguistic variables1
Researchers explanation of linguistic variables: teaching

  • 1987, 10). Wolfram defined a linguistic variable as a “convenient construct employed to unite a class of fluctuating variants within some specified language set”

Teaching of language
Teaching of Language teaching

  • We have to begin by changing the way language is view, not only as a code.

  • Approaching the teaching of language with a social connotation.

Teaching of language1
Teaching of Language teaching

  • By approaching the importance of learning the culture of the language we could end the problem of language misunderstanding. Since in one country the meaning of a word could vary, influence by their culture, folklore or traditions.

Conclusion teaching

  • The teaching of English has had a significant sociolinguistic influence not only in Puerto Rico, but also around the world. It is an important element in the transformation of our native language and on the way our language is spoken today.

Conclusion teaching

  • It is important to understand that by acquiring another language we will be enriching our self with knowledge, and the same way we are transform by this process, language is also transform by the constant interaction and the influence of other languages and cultures.

References teaching

  • ‪Sociolinguistic variation in American sign language‬ By: Ceil Lucas, Robert Bayley, and Clayton Valli
in collaboration with Mary Rose, Alyssa Wulf, Paul Dudis, Susan Schatz, and Laura SanheimCeil Lucas, Robert Bayley, Clayton Valli, Mary Rose

  • Dr. Alicia Pousada: The sociolinguistics implication of teaching English in Puerto Rico, English Department, UPR

References teaching

  • Analyzing Sociolinguistic variation By: Salia A. Tagliamonte, Cambrige

  • Context of competence: Social and cultural considerationin in communicative By: Margie S. Berns.

  • The Importance Of Teaching Culture In The Foreign Language ClassroomDimitrios Thanasoulas 
Member of TESOL Greece and the AILA Scientific Commission on Learner Autonomy

  • New Oxford American Dictionary
Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus
Wikipedia – English