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Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicl PowerPoint Presentation
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Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicl

Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicl

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Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicl

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  1. Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicles – Global Technical Regulation ( GTR ) Christoph Albus Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  2. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations 2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles 3) Role of prenormative research 4) Action plan Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  3. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations 2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles 3) Role of prenormative research 4) Action plan Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  4. Legislation • Rules approval of vehicle types, a condition for registration (marketing) of new vehicles • Type approval or self certification based on technical regulations (ECE-R, EU-Directive, FMVSS, TRIAS, …) • International harmonization ensures serial production under economical conditions Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  5. Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  6. Agreements administered by WP.29 • 1958 Agreement (UN-ECE Regulations) • 1998 Global Agreement ( Global Technical Regulations – GTR) „AC3“ • (1997 Agreement on Periodical Technical Inspections) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  7. Global Technical Regulations – GTR GTR:  worldwide harmonized  1) Test procedure 2) Performance requirements GTR‘s should work:  Type approval  Self certification Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  8. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations 2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles 3) Role of prenormative research 4) Action plan Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  9. Future Hydrogen Economy • Main element: Mobile Applications / Road vehicles • Key Factors: • R&D • Cost Reduction • RCS (Regulations, Codes & Standards) (Safety and Environment) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  10. Regulations should not be an unnecessary hurdle Balance between Urgent need to develop regulations today (“EIHP”) Safety and environmental demands Economic issues Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  11. WP.29-AC3 group „HFCV“ * (Hydrogen / Fuel Cell – Vehicles) • Two draft ECE-R‘s LH2 / CGH2 (onboard storage systems / ^ ECE-R 67/110)Now: Adoption as European - Regulations • Amendments of existing ECE-R‘s concerning HFCV • HFCV GTR development *http://www.unece.org ( transportvehicle regulations) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  12. Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  13. WP.29-AC3 GRSP GRPE HFCV Project management SG Environment SG Safety Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  14. Scope and Content The GTR(s) should extend to OEM vehicles (categories to be defined) powered or equipped entirely or partially by hydrogen used in an internal combustion engine, fuel cell, auxiliary power unit, heater, etc. as well as their associated storage systems (liquid, gaseous or hydrids) and cover main aspects as identified by the informal group for: Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  15. Differences H2/FC- / conventional vehicles • Hydrogen • High Pressure • High Voltage Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  16. On-board storage system safety (1) • Safety of Container and Components (Lifecycles, Requalification, Performance, Purging Limits, Material Characteristics) • Leakage • Damage Tolerance Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  17. On-board storage system safety (2) • Fire Protection • Aging • Material Characteristics • Refueling • Mechanical Properties Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  18. Whole vehicle safety (1) • Crashworthiness • Fire Safety • Hydrogen System Integrity • Normal Operation • Post-Crash Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  19. Whole vehicle safety (3)Electric safety • EMS (Electro-Magnetic-Susceptibility) - immissions -EMI (Electro-Magnetic-Integrity) - emissions - • Electric-Shock Protection • Normal Operation • Post-Crash Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  20. Other aspects including energy and environmental considerations • Pollutant Emissions • Hydrogen and Water Emissions • Fuel (H2) Consumption • Recycling • FC Disposal / Hazardous Materials • Fuel Quality • Engine Power • Noise Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  21. Categorisation of items • OSS, WVS, Env. + Other • H2-safety, Electric Safety, Env.+ Other • Normal Operation, Incidents / Accidents / Defects Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  22. Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  23. Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  24. Possible ways to HFCV GTR(s) one step Final GTR 2010 ?? steps Final GTR 2010?? Final GTR 2010 ?? modules 1 GTR‘s modules 2 Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  25. Further aspects of gtr development • Safety approach (system versus components) • Performance requirements (not design defining) • Future technologies • Balanced Regulation (safe, but not a hurdle) • Same safety level (at minimum) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  26. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations 2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles 3) Role of prenormative research 4) Action plan Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  27. regulations (mandatory) standards (voluntary) prenormative research technical development (products) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  28. standardisation bodies (ISO, …) governments (contracting Parties) prenormative research manufacturers of hydrogen components & vehicles Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  29. Timeschedule (serial / parallel) Research „condition“ GTR development GTR approach GTR amendment Research „better regulation“ (basic, field experience, etc.) time Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  30. Timeschedule (serial / parallel) Research „condition“ GTR development GTR approach GTR amendment Research „better regulation“ (basic, field experience, etc.) time Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  31. Goal of this workshop „Prenormative research“ • Overview • Brainstorming • Planning • Preparation of international Cooperation Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  32. Goal of this workshop „Brainstorming -Examples“ • GTR Approach: Component  System • Aging, Cycles • Leakage (crashtest) • Demonstration projects, field/incident experience Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  33. From component to system testing • justification (risk assessment) • validation (test procedure) EU Japan US Component-approach System-approach Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  34. Brainstorming prenormative research • GTR Ansatz: Komponenten  System • Aging, Cycles • Leakage (crashtest) • Demonstration projects, field/incident experience Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  35. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations 2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles 3) Role of prenormative research 4) Action plan Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  36. Current national/regional activities (legislation) • Europe: Regulation Onboard St. System (basis: two draft ECE Regulations LH2 / CGH2 from EIHP) • Japan: National regulations 2005 • USA: FMVSS ? •  GTR development Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  37. Current national/regional activities (research) „as basis for development of regulations“ • USA: 4-years Research plan for H2/FC (document distributed) • Europe: ? Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  38. Alternatives for Europe • do nothing and wait for US results (inactive) • do the same in parallel (competition) • to cooperate with US Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  39. Duplication of work should be avoided • Exchange of information • Early cooperation • Tuning of all activities Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005

  40. Action plan • European Activities (EIHP, HFP, HySafe conf., workshop1, etc.) • Today‘s workshop • HFCV meeting Tokio (Oct. 2005) • ? Int. Workshop (goal: cooperation) Workshop „prenormative research“ Brussels - 26th September 2005