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Workshop “prenormative research” Brussels – 26th September 2005 UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicles – Global Technical Regulation ( GTR ) Christoph Albus Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing. Contents 1) Vehicle Regulations

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slide1
Workshop “prenormative research”

Brussels – 26th September 2005

UNECE / WP.29 – AC3 / HFCV

Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Vehicles –

Global Technical Regulation ( GTR )

Christoph Albus

Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide2

Contents

1) Vehicle Regulations

2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles

3) Role of prenormative research

4) Action plan

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide3

Contents

1) Vehicle Regulations

2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles

3) Role of prenormative research

4) Action plan

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide4
Legislation
  • Rules approval of vehicle types, a condition for registration (marketing) of new vehicles
  • Type approval or self certification based on technical regulations

(ECE-R, EU-Directive, FMVSS, TRIAS, …)

  • International harmonization ensures serial production under economical conditions

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide5
Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide6

Agreements administered by WP.29

  • 1958 Agreement (UN-ECE Regulations)
  • 1998 Global Agreement ( Global Technical Regulations – GTR)

„AC3“

  • (1997 Agreement on Periodical Technical Inspections)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide7

Global Technical Regulations – GTR

GTR:  worldwide harmonized  1) Test procedure

2) Performance requirements

GTR‘s should work:  Type approval

 Self certification

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide8

Contents

1) Vehicle Regulations

2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles

3) Role of prenormative research

4) Action plan

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide9
Future Hydrogen Economy
  • Main element: Mobile Applications / Road vehicles
  • Key Factors:
      • R&D
      • Cost Reduction
      • RCS (Regulations, Codes & Standards)

(Safety and Environment)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide10
Regulations should not be an unnecessary hurdle

Balance between

Urgent need to develop regulations today (“EIHP”)

Safety and environmental demands

Economic

issues

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide11

WP.29-AC3 group „HFCV“ * (Hydrogen / Fuel Cell – Vehicles)

    • Two draft ECE-R‘s LH2 / CGH2 (onboard storage systems / ^ ECE-R 67/110)Now: Adoption as European - Regulations
    • Amendments of existing ECE-R‘s concerning HFCV
  • HFCV GTR development

*http://www.unece.org ( transportvehicle regulations)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide12
Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide13

WP.29-AC3

GRSP

GRPE

HFCV

Project

management

SG

Environment

SG

Safety

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide14
Scope and Content

The GTR(s) should extend to OEM vehicles (categories to be defined) powered or equipped entirely or partially by hydrogen used in an internal combustion engine, fuel cell, auxiliary power unit, heater, etc. as well as their associated storage systems (liquid, gaseous or hydrids) and cover main aspects as identified by the informal group for:

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide15

Differences H2/FC- / conventional vehicles

  • Hydrogen
  • High Pressure
  • High Voltage

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide16
On-board storage system safety (1)
  • Safety of Container and Components

(Lifecycles, Requalification, Performance, Purging Limits, Material Characteristics)

  • Leakage
  • Damage Tolerance

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide17
On-board storage system safety (2)
  • Fire Protection
  • Aging
  • Material Characteristics
  • Refueling
  • Mechanical Properties

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide18
Whole vehicle safety (1)
  • Crashworthiness
  • Fire Safety
  • Hydrogen System Integrity
      • Normal Operation
      • Post-Crash

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide19
Whole vehicle safety (3)Electric safety
  • EMS (Electro-Magnetic-Susceptibility) - immissions -EMI (Electro-Magnetic-Integrity) - emissions -
  • Electric-Shock Protection
    • Normal Operation
    • Post-Crash

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide20
Other aspects including energy and environmental considerations
  • Pollutant Emissions
  • Hydrogen and Water Emissions
  • Fuel (H2) Consumption
  • Recycling
  • FC Disposal / Hazardous Materials
  • Fuel Quality
  • Engine Power
  • Noise

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide21

Categorisation of items

  • OSS, WVS, Env. + Other
  • H2-safety, Electric Safety, Env.+ Other
  • Normal Operation, Incidents / Accidents / Defects

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide22
Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide23
Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide24

Possible ways to HFCV GTR(s)

one step

Final GTR 2010 ??

steps

Final GTR 2010??

Final GTR 2010 ??

modules 1

GTR‘s

modules 2

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide25

Further aspects of gtr development

  • Safety approach (system versus components)
  • Performance requirements (not design defining)
  • Future technologies
  • Balanced Regulation (safe, but not a hurdle)
  • Same safety level (at minimum)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide26

Contents

1) Vehicle Regulations

2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles

3) Role of prenormative research

4) Action plan

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide27

regulations

(mandatory)

standards

(voluntary)

prenormative

research

technical

development

(products)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide28

standardisation

bodies (ISO, …)

governments

(contracting

Parties)

prenormative

research

manufacturers of

hydrogen components

& vehicles

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide29

Timeschedule (serial / parallel)

Research

„condition“

GTR

development

GTR

approach

GTR

amendment

Research „better regulation“

(basic, field experience, etc.)

time

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide30

Timeschedule (serial / parallel)

Research

„condition“

GTR

development

GTR

approach

GTR

amendment

Research „better regulation“

(basic, field experience, etc.)

time

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide31

Goal of this workshop

„Prenormative research“

  • Overview
  • Brainstorming
  • Planning
  • Preparation of international Cooperation

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide32

Goal of this workshop

„Brainstorming -Examples“

  • GTR Approach: Component  System
  • Aging, Cycles
  • Leakage (crashtest)
  • Demonstration projects, field/incident experience

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide33

From component to system testing

  • justification (risk assessment)
  • validation (test procedure)

EU

Japan

US

Component-approach

System-approach

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide34

Brainstorming prenormative research

  • GTR Ansatz: Komponenten  System
  • Aging, Cycles
  • Leakage (crashtest)
  • Demonstration projects, field/incident experience

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide35

Contents

1) Vehicle Regulations

2) GTR for H2/FC - vehicles

3) Role of prenormative research

4) Action plan

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide36

Current national/regional activities (legislation)

  • Europe: Regulation Onboard St. System (basis: two draft ECE Regulations LH2 / CGH2 from EIHP)
  • Japan: National regulations 2005
  • USA: FMVSS ?
  •  GTR development

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide37

Current national/regional activities (research)

„as basis for development of regulations“

  • USA: 4-years Research plan for H2/FC (document distributed)
  • Europe: ?

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide38

Alternatives for Europe

  • do nothing and wait for US results (inactive)
  • do the same in parallel (competition)
  • to cooperate with US

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide39

Duplication of work should be avoided

  • Exchange of information
  • Early cooperation
  • Tuning of all activities

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005

slide40

Action plan

  • European Activities (EIHP, HFP, HySafe conf., workshop1, etc.)
  • Today‘s workshop
  • HFCV meeting Tokio (Oct. 2005)
  • ? Int. Workshop (goal: cooperation)

Workshop „prenormative research“

Brussels - 26th September 2005