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The Civil War. Causes, Battles, & Key Figures. CAUSES. T here were many causes that led to the Civil War, however, the following are the most notable: 1.) Economic & Social Differences 2.) States vs. Federal Rights 3.) Slave vs. Non-Slave proponents 4.) Growth of the Abolitionist Movement

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The civil war

The Civil War

Causes, Battles, & Key Figures


  • There were many causes that led to the Civil War, however, the following are the most notable:

    • 1.) Economic & Social Differences

    • 2.) States vs. Federal Rights

    • 3.) Slave vs. Non-Slave proponents

    • 4.) Growth of the Abolitionist Movement

    • 5.) Election of Abraham Lincoln

Economic social differences
Economic & Social Differences

  • NORTH:

    • Poor soil – therefore, could not produce agriculture as efficiently as the south

    • Rise of Industrialization

      • Factory system

    • Dependent on WAGE LABOR to man factories

    • Detested Slavery

      • Their economy wasn’t dependent on it

Economic social differences cont d
Economic & Social Differences (cont’d)

  • SOUTH:

    • Rich, fertile farming soil

    • Producing cotton was their staple crop

    • Cotton production relied heavily on SLAVE LABOR

    • Therefore, their economic sustainability was dependent upon slaves

    • Supported slavery because they could not survive without them

States vs federal rights
States vs. Federal Rights

  • South strongly supported STATES rights

    • They wanted autonomy over how their states and governments were run

    • This would ensure more power for the state – therefore, more freedom to conduct themselves how they saw fit

    • South fought for States Rights to protect their slave practices

    • John C. Calhoun was the Governor of S.C. at the time that South Carolina decided to secede from the Union in protest of Unionization

  • North strongly supported FEDERAL rights

    • Believed in a Unionized country

    • Believed that the United States should be controlled under one unifying force: The Federal Government

Slave vs non slave proponents
Slave vs. Non-Slave Proponents

  • NORTH:

    • Supported the destruction of the institution of slavery

  • SOUTH:

    • Vehemently detested the North for their abolitionist ideas


    • Created to deal with the balance of free & non-free states

    • Fugitive Slave Laws: part of the M.O. Compromise to ensure fairness among slave & non-slave states

Growth of abolitionist movement
Growth of Abolitionist Movement

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

  • Dred Scott Case

  • Fugitive Slave Act

  • John Brown’s Raid

  • Nat Turner’s Revolt

Election of ol abe
Election of Ol’ Abe

Fort sumter
Fort Sumter

  • 6 days after South Carolina seceded from the Union, the first shots of the Civil War rang out!

  • Confederate Victory

Battle o f gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg

  • Fought July 1-3, 1863

  • Decisive Union victory

    • Union defeated Confederate Gen. Lee from further invading the North

  • Battle with largest number of Casualties

  • Site for Lincoln’s famous “Gettysburg Address”

Battle of antietam
Battle of Antietam

  • First major battle to take place on Union soil

  • Took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland

  • Bloodiest SINGLE DAY battle in American History

Key figures

Confederate President

Jefferson Davis

Union President

Abraham Lincoln

Key figures cont d
Key Figures (cont’d)

Confederate General

Robert E. Lee

Union General

Ulysses S. Grant

Other notorious leaders
Other Notorious Leaders

  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Winfield Scott

  • George B. McClellan

  • Henry Wager Halleck

  • Ulysses S. Grant

  • Gideon Welles

  • Jefferson Davis

  • P.G.T. Beauregard

  • Joseph E. Johnston

  • Robert E. Lee

  • Stephen Mallory

Casualties losses
Casualties & Losses


  • 140,414 killed in action

  • ~ 365,000 total dead

  • 275,200 wounded


  • 72,524 killed in action

  • ~ 260,000 total dead

  • 137,000+ wounded

Confederate surrender
Confederate Surrender

  • The Confederate Army surrendered at the Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865, marking the END of the Civil War

  • Documents for the end of the war were signed in the parlor of the courthouse a few days later

Union confederate capitols
Union & Confederate Capitols

Confederate Capitol was in Richmond, V.A

Union Capitol was in Washington, D.C.

Lincoln s assassination
Lincoln’s Assassination

  • To celebrate the end of the Civil War, President Lincoln headed to the theater to enjoy a relaxing night out

  • Ford’s Theater is where he met his unfortunate and timely death

  • John Wilkes Booth, a southern, pro-slavery, confederate is responsible for assassinating President Lincoln

The end


Kelly Williams

Addie Wagner

Alicia Ross