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Changing Teacher Practice. Changing Student Outcomes. Summer Institutes. 2013. ACCESS FOR ALL NC DPI Exceptional Children Division. Meet the Presenters: EAST WEST Cynthia Debreaux Bill Rynn Barbara Scriven Bobbie Grammer Jennifer Cash.

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Summer institutes



Summer Institutes


Access for all nc dpi exceptional children division
ACCESS FOR ALLNC DPI Exceptional Children Division

Meet the Presenters:


Cynthia Debreaux Bill Rynn

Barbara Scriven Bobbie Grammer

Jennifer Cash

Access for all nc dpi exceptional children division1
ACCESS FOR ALLNC DPI Exceptional Children Division

Session Description:

This session is designed to provide General Education and Special Education teachers with methods and strategies that may be used to ensure that students with disabilities and students with varying learning needs have access to the General Education curriculum. This session will present strategies using the principles of Universal Design for Learning and available technology resources that will assist teachers in successfully meeting the needs of all students.

Reflection question
Reflection Question…

As a special or general educator what do you need in order to help students with special needs meet the more challenging common core state standards?

Setting the stage

Setting the stage


Students with disabilities in nc
Students with Disabilities in NC?

Majority of General Education classrooms have students with High Incidence Disabilities:

  • Intellectual Disability Mild

  • Emotional Disability

  • Specific Learning Disability

  • Other Health Impairment

  • Speech/Language Impairment

  • Autism

Nc data
NC Data

Total NC SWD served in Regular Education – 136,331 (71% of EC pop.)

Total NC Students with disabilities -192,261 (13% of NC pop.)

Total NC Students – 1,483,559

Retrieved from NC DPI Count data as of April, 2013)

71% of students with disabilities spend most of the day in the general education classroom.

Application to students with disabilities
Application to Students with Disabilities

Schools should promote a “culture of high expectations for all students”.

Planning for access what do i want the students to be able to do as a result of this unit

Planning for AccessWhat do I want the students to be able to do as a result of this unit?

All children have varying learning needs.

Common core state standards students with disabilities
Common Core State Standards & Students with Disabilities

(Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997; Individuals with Disabilities Improvement Act of 2004)

IDEA requires that students with disabilities:

Have access to the general curriculum

Participate in state and district wide assessments

to the extent possible, be educated along with their

nondisabled peers using supplemental aids and services

Standards based ieps classroom instruction
Standards-Based IEPs & Classroom Instruction

Students with disabilities need access to grade-level curriculum and instruction.

Access can take place in either a special education or a general education classroom.

(Minnesota Department of Education 2010)

Iep classroom instruction
Iep & Classroom Instruction

Least Restrictive Environment

I. General Education Program Participation

In the space provided, list the general education classes, nonacademic services, and activities (ex: lunch, recess, assemblies, media center, field trips, etc.) in which the student will participate and the supplemental aids, supports, modifications, and/or accommodations required (if applicable) to access the general curriculum and make progress toward meeting annual goals. Discussion and documentation must include any test accommodations required for state and/or district-wide assessment. If supplemental aids/services, modifications/accommodations and/or assistive technology will be provided in special education classes include in the table below.

Supports and services
Supports and Services

What methods and materials will I use to teach the lesson?

  • Instructional Supports for learning

  • Accommodations and/or Modifications

  • Technology devices and services

Instructional supports for learning
Instructional Supports for Learning

Universal Design for Learning

View the video: Principles of Universal Design for Learning

Accommodation vs modification
Accommodation vs. Modification


An effort to alter the representation or presentation of the curriculum or to modify the student’s engagement with the curriculum to enhance access and progress.

  • Changes in the assessment or curriculum that do not alter the validity, reliability, or security of the test or curriculum.

    Modification: Substantive changes in an assessment or academic curriculum that change the rigor or expectation.

Accommodation types
Accommodation Types

Presentation—change how an assignment or assessment is given to a student. These include alternate modes of access which may be auditory, multisensory, tactile, or visual.

Response— allow students to complete assignments, assessments, and activities in different ways (alternate format or procedure) or to solve or organize problems using some type of assistive device or organizer.

Setting—change the location in which an assignment or assessment is given or the conditions of the setting.

Timing/Scheduling—increase the allowable length of time to complete an assignment or assessment, or change the way the time is organized for an assignment or assessment.

(Minnesota Manual of Accommodations 2009, 12)

Technology devices and services
Technology devices and services

Brainstorm and share how you could use these devices to meet the needs of students requiring accommodations.


Create a lesson plan using the HOMEBASE application for a student with a disability that include accommodations/modifications. Post your sample in the Participant’s Contribution tab on Access for All Binder in

Considerations for effective instruction

Considerations for Effective Instruction

How will I know whether the students have achieved the intended outcomes of this unit?

Deconstructing the state standards for students with disabilities
Deconstructing the State Standards for Students with Disabilities

Be aware of the student’s present level of academic achievement and functional performance (PLAAFP).

Identify the appropriate grade level standard(s) statements.

Unpack the standard. Identify what the student needs to know and be able to do in the simplest terms possible.

Example of deconstructing a standard
Example of Deconstructing a Standard Disabilities


Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (RL.5.1)

Break the standard into its component parts:

  • Quote accurately

  • Explain what happened

  • Draw inferences

    Analyze the subskills

  • Decides on a focus. For example, focus on explaining what happened in the text to improve the student’s comprehension

    Determine Accommodations and/or Modifications for student to successfully reach standard

    Determine Plan to Monitor Progress

Effective instructional practices
Effective DisabilitiesInstructional Practices

  • Instructional Pacing

  • Increased opportunities for Engagement,

  • Small Group Instruction (1:3 or 4)

  • Increasing Number of Responses

  • Corrective Feedback

  • Distributed Practice and Review

  • Frequent Progress Monitoring

  • Data-Driven Instruction

  • Direct, Explicit, Systematic Instruction

Ms jones
Ms. Jones Disabilities

View the case story from the site CAST: Teaching Every Student at the link below:


In triads, evaluate the dilemma and discuss possible options using UDL principles to address Ms. Jones’ situation relative to:

  • Setting

  • Curriculum

  • Model Lesson

    Be prepared to share your options with the group.

Tools for access

Tools for Access Disabilities

Lesson Planning/homebase

Online tools/resources

How will we respond when a student experiences difficulties in learning?

EVALUATION Disabilities

Complete the session evaluation located at: