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Supply Chain Management. Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI). Supply Chain Management. VMI is essentially an integrated approach whereby the inventory at the distributor/retailer (downstream) is monitored and managed by the manufacturer/vendor (upstream). Supply Chain Management.

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supply chain management
Supply Chain Management

Vendor Managed Inventory


supply chain management1
Supply Chain Management

VMI is essentially an integrated approach

whereby the inventory at the

distributor/retailer (downstream) is monitored

and managed by the manufacturer/vendor (upstream)

supply chain management3
Supply Chain Management

VMI underlying principal

By pushing the decision making responsibility further up the supply chain, the manufacturer/vendor will be in a better position to support the objectives of the entire integrated supply chain resulting in sustainable competitive advantage

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Supply Chain Management

Choose the correct answer:

  • Optimizes supply chain performance
  • Supplier has access to customer’s inventory data
  • Supplier is responsible for maintaining the inventory level required by the customer
  • The process is to resupply inventory by the vendor via scheduled reviews
  • All of the above
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Supply Chain Management

Questions for Selecting VMI

  • What are your intentions?
  • What are the critical materials?
  • Which items/commodities have attributed to the greatest delays?
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Supply Chain Management

Typical Benefits to Manufacturers

  • Lower inventory investments (raw and finished)
  • Better scheduling and planning
  • Better market information
  • Good relationship with customer
  • Visibility via information sharing
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Supply Chain Management

Typical Benefits to Retailers

  • Fewer stock-out with higher inventory turnover
  • Better market information
  • Less inventory in channels (transfer costs)
  • Lower administrative replenishment costs
  • Greater customer satisfaction
  • Reduce cycle time
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Supply Chain Management

VMI success factors

  • Top management commitment
  • Focus on effort
  • Trust and partnership between supply chain stakeholders
  • Highly effective computer/information systems (EDI, Bar coding, Scanning)
  • Competent manufacturers and the ability to forecast
  • Willing stakeholders partners and patience
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Supply Chain Management

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

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Supply Chain Management

EDI is

Computer to computer exchange of business transaction in a standard format

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Supply Chain Management

EDI Benefits

  • Quick access to information
  • Reduced labor and material costs associated with handling paper-based business transaction
  • Better communication
  • Increases productivity
  • Improved tracing and expediting
  • Improved billing
  • Better customer service
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Supply Chain Management

Ownership of inventory in VMI

  • Initially, ownership transferred to retailer upon receipt of goods
  • Now, VMI is based on consignment relationship in which manufacturer owns goods until sold
  • Retailer benefit: lower inventory cost
  • Manufacturers benefits: better control
  • Supply chain benefit: system-wide cost reduction
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Supply Chain Management

Requirements for Effective VMI

  • Advanced information systems
  • Top management commitment
  • Mutual trust
    • Information sharing
    • Management of the entire supply chain
    • Initial loss of revenues
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Supply Chain Management

Important VMI Issues

  • Inventory ownership:
    • Who owns inventory
    • In case of Supplier owns the goods until they are sold
      • Why would a firm do this?
  • Confidentiality
  • Communication and cooperation
    • When one Vendor started partnering with Kmart, Kmart often claimed that its supplier was not living up to its agreement to keep two weeks of inventory at all times. It turned out that this was due to the fact that the two companies employed different forecasting methods.
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Supply Chain Management

Performance Measurements

  • How to ensure VMI will enhance the business?
  • Operational improvements
    • Internal
      • The number of stock outs and duration
      • Cost of material/service before and after
    • External
      • Customer satisfaction
        • Improvement of delivery availability
          • Competitive advantage considerations