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The American Romantic Movement (aka The American Renaissance). ~ 1800-1860. Romanticism. The name given to those schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason. Reaction against the Rationalism of Ben Franklin

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The american romantic movement aka the american renaissance

The American Romantic Movement(aka The American Renaissance)

~ 1800-1860


Romanticism
Romanticism

  • The name given to those schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason.

  • Reaction against the Rationalism of Ben Franklin

  • Reaction against the corruption and decay found in the cities – inspiration and value found in nature


The 5 i s of romanticism
The 5 “I’s” of Romanticism

  • Intuition

  • Imagination

  • Innocence

  • Inspiration

    • Nature

    • Supernatural

  • Inner Experience


Aims of the american romantic novelists short story authors
Aims of the American Romantic Novelists & Short Story Authors

Create a new art form

Capture the American landscape and American sentiment through a “new hero” in a “new story”

Authors: James Fenimore Cooper, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Washington Irving


The new american hero
The new American Hero Authors

  • James Fenimore Cooper & Natty Bumppo

  • Take notes on the “characteristics of the new American hero” on page 146-149



Aims of the american romantic poets
Aims Authors of the American Romantic Poets

  • Wanted to be respected by European authors

  • Used classical themes and imagery in addition to images of nature

  • Did not want to be seen as “American country bumpkins” – almost too traditional in their formats and themes

  • The Fireside Poets (poems often read aloud at campfires and in front of the hearth) – Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, James Russell Lowell,Henry Wadsworth Longfellow



The dark romantics
The Dark Romantics Authors

  • The darker side of the 5 “I’s”

  • Supernatural elements

  • Gothic images

  • Authors: Herman Melville, Edgar Allan Poe



The transcendentalists
The Transcendentalists Authors

  • Romantic Philosophers

  • Authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau

  • More notes later…