Pileated Woodpecker Scientific name: Dryocopuspileatus
Distribution… • United States • Southeast • Northwest • Canada • South
Classification… Genus: Drycoropus Order: Piciformes Kingdom: Animilia Species: DryocorpusPileatus Family: Picidae Class: Aves Phylum: Chordata
Habitat Coniferous forests Deciduousforests http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_2VrLINP3Y
Conservation Status… LEAST CONCERED! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1tX0BAW-upE
Physical Characteristics… • Plumage: White, Black, Yellow, and Red • When in flight the feathers are white underneath. • Red crest on the head. • Yellow bristly feathers over nose. • White stripes on the neck and body. • Black and white stripes on body. Female: *Cap is smaller, extending back from the top crown *Lack of mustache Male: *10%-15% heavier *Red crest extends from bill to nape. *Red mustache
Physical Characteristics (continued)… Height: 16-19 inches/40-49 centimeteres 9-12.5 ounces/250-350 grams Wingspan: 26-29.5 inches/66-75 centimeters
Similar Birds: Ivory billed woodpecker Imperial woodpecker Red headed woopecker American Crow (confused in flight.. No other times)
Reproduction and Development: Mates for life Defends territory by drumming or tapping sounds Female lays 4 eggs Both parents incubate Eggs are attended 99% of the time
Parental Care Babies are in eggs for about 2 weeks Fledge when they are 1 month old Stays with parents for 2-3 months
Longevity and Morality… Live about 9 years or more in captivity. They make their own holes while other birds depends on others for nesting
Dietary Habits… Flies Caterpillars Cockroaches Grasshoppers Beetle larvae Ants=40% of diet/up to 97% in some individuals Nuts Sometimes fruits They can get food from bird feeders but that is rare
Relationships: • Predators • Black Rat Snake • Red-tailed Hawk • Sharp-shinned Hawk Human: They help humans by pests control. They eat ants and termites.
Seasonal Patterns… Do NOT migrate, hibernate, or torpor
FUN FACTS! Their tongue is elastic; it is about up to 4 times longer than its beak. Use their sharp bill to pull bark off the trees to find ants Up to 97% of the birds individual diet is made up of ants When one of the mates die the other looks around for an “unmated floater” When a feather is stepped on the feather turns a different color.
Works Cited All About Birds. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/pileated_woodpecker/id>. Animal Diversity Web. U of Michigan, 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Dryocopus_pileatus/>. Backhouse, Frances. Woodpackers of North America. Richmond Hill: Firefly Book, 2005. Print. Baughman, Mel, comp. and ed. Reference to the Birds of North America. Illus. Mark Godfrey. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2003. Print. Fcps. FairFax County, 2006. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/pileated_woodpecker.htm>. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/100600703/0>. National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/pileated-woodpecker/>. Nature Works. N.p., 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/pileatedwoodpecker.htm>. Puget Sound Backyard Birds. Johnson, 2009. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pugetsoundbackyardbirds.com>.