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Greek and Latin Roots 2. 1-13. Monos Greek alone, solitary. Monarch( arche – rule) – a solitary or absolute ruler; a king or queen Monk – a member of a community of men who live apart from society and are devoted to religious duties and contemplation Monastery – a place where monks live

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monos greek alone solitary
Monos Greekalone, solitary
  • Monarch(arche – rule) – a solitary or absolute ruler; a king or queen
  • Monk – a member of a community of men who live apart from society and are devoted to religious duties and contemplation
  • Monastery – a place where monks live
  • Monogram(graphein – write, draw) – the initials of a person printed on stationary or embroidered on clothing or towels
solus latin alone only
Solus Latinalone, only
  • Solo – an act performed by one person
  • Soloist – a person who performs a solo
  • Solitary – without companions
  • Sole – being only one
  • Solitude – state of living alone; seclusion
  • Soliloquy(solus – alone) – the act of talking to oneself; a dramatic monologue that voices inner thoughts
canis latin dog
Canislatindog
  • canine – n. a dog; adj; dog-like
  • Caninity – canine quality or trait; dog-like nature
  • Canine teeth – extra long, pointed teeth used for tearing
  • Canidae – the family of dog-like carnivorous mammals including dogs, wolves, jackels, foxes, coyotes, and hyenas
  • Canis Major – “great dog,” a constellation in the shape of a dog
  • Canicula – Sirius, the “dog star,” the brightest star in the constellation Canis Major
feles latin cat
Feles Latincat
  • Feline – n. a cat; adj. cat like
  • Felinity – cat like disposition
  • Felinophilia (philia G love) – love for cats
  • Felinophobia (phobos G fear) - fear of cats
  • Felidae – the whole cat tribe, large and small, including domestic cats, lions, tigers, leopards, cheetahs, lynxes, panthers, cougars, etc
leon greek lion
Leon greeklion
  • Lion – the largest member of the cat family Felidae
  • Lioness – a female lion
  • Dandelion (dens L tooth) – weedy plant with deeply toothed leaves and golden yellow tufted flower
  • Chameleon (chamai G on the ground) – a lizard with a large head able to change color for protection
  • Leopard (pardos G –black leopard) – tawny panther with black spots
  • Leo – the constellation of the lion; zodiac sign; a boy’s name
equus latin horse
Equuslatinhorse
  • Equidae – a scientific term for the horse family
  • Equestrian – a person skilled in horse riding; pertaining to horseback riding
  • Equine – of, pertaining to, or resembling a horse
  • Equestrienne – feminine form; a horsewoman; female equestrian
caballus latin horse
Caballuslatinhorse
  • Cavalry – a division of an army in which the soldiers ride horses
  • Cheval – (French) horse
  • Chivalry – a code of courteous conduct which was followed by knights (horsemen) of the Middle Ages
  • Cavalcade – procession of riders on horseback, or carriages
hippos greek horse
Hippos greekHorse
  • Hippopotamus (potamos G. river) – river horse
  • Hippodrome (dromos G race course) – horse race track
  • Hippocamput (kampos G sea monster) – sea horse
  • Hippophile (philia G love) – one who loves horses
  • Hippiatric (iatros G healer) – pertaining to treating the diseases of horses
porcus latin pig hog swine
Porcuslatinpig, hog, swine
  • Pork – meat from a pig
  • Porcine – pig-like, fat, lazy
  • Porcupine (spina L thorn) –spiny or prickly pig-shaped rodent
  • Porpoise (porcus, piscis L pig fish) – a blunt, snouted, aquatic mammel, similar to a dolphin
  • Pork barrel – barrel in which salt pork is stored
  • Porker – a young pig raised for food
  • Porcelain – a fine, white earthenware noted for its translucence and transparent glaze; china
ornis ornithos greek bird
Ornis/Ornithos GreekBird
  • Ornithology – study of the nature and habits of birds
  • Ornithivorous(vorare L – devour) – bird-eating
  • Ornithopterous(pteron G – wing) – having wings like a bird
  • Ornithotrophe(trophos G – feeder) – place to feed and observe birds
  • Ornithophile(philia G – love) – lover of birds
avis latin bird
Avis Latinbird
  • Aviary – a large building in which birds are kept
  • Aviate – to navigate the air in an airplane; to fly
  • Aviation – aerial navigation by means of an airplane; the science of powered flight
  • Aviator – pilot of an airplane
  • Avian – of or pertaining to birds
grex gregis latin flock herd drove group troop company
Grex/Gregis Latinflock, herd, drove, group, troop, company
  • Gregarious – living in herds, flocks, or social groups; fond of company, socially outgoing and friendly
  • Egregious(e, ex L – out, away) – out of the herd; outstandingly bad
  • Congregation – a flock or churchgoers gathered together for worship.
  • Segregate(se L – apart) – to separate from the group
  • Aggregate (ad L – to) – to gather together in a lump or sum
omnis latin each every all
Omnis Latineach, every, all
  • Omnipotence(potens L – powerful, able) – all power
  • Omnipotent – all powerful
  • Omnipresent(praesens L – present) – present everywhere
  • Omniscience(scire L – to know) – knowledge of all
  • Omniscient – all