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CULTURAL EXPRESSION AND AWARENESS. Lesson2 Different aspects of culture. Politics and government. T he  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and USA / Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty Britain and France / System territories of Research and Training

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cultural expression and awareness
CULTURAL EXPRESSION AND AWARENESS

Lesson2

Different aspects of culture

slide2
Politics and government
  • The Union of SovietSocialist Republics (USSR) and USA / Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
  • Britain and France / System territories of Research and Training
  • USA and France / System of Tuition of Assistance and Research Treaty

Which countries have signed the START

slide3
Politics and government
  • START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty)
    • The purpose of this contract is disarmament. (Signed in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2010)
    • START (for Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was abilateral treaty between theUnited States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. The treaty was signed on 31 July 1991. START negotiated the largest and most complex arms control treaty in history, and its final implementation in late 2001 resulted in the removal of about 80 percent of all strategic nuclear weapons then in existence.
slide4
Politics and government
  • New START is anuclear arms reduction treaty between theUnited States of America and theRussian Federation. It was signed on 8 April 2010 inPrague and after ratification, entered into force on 5 February 2011. It is expected to last at least until 2021.
slide5
Politics and government
  • Albania
  • TheRepublic of Macedonia
  • Croatia

Which of the countries is no a candidate to the European Union?

slide6
Politics and government
  • Albania applied forEuropean Union membership on 28 April 2009. Officially recognized by the EU as a "potential candidate country”. On December 16, 2009 the European Commission submitted the Questionnaire on accession preparation to the Albanian government. Albania returned answers to them on April 14, 2010. Candidacy status was not recognized by the EU along with Montenegro in December 2010, due to the long-lasting political row in the country.
slide7
Politics and government
  • Secretary-General of UN
  • Secretary-General NATO
  • Secretary-General of the Council of Europe

Who is Ban Ki-Moon?

slide8
Politics and government
  • Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944)
    • is theeighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations, aftersucceedingKofi Annan in 2007. Before becoming Secretary-General, Ban was a career diplomat in South Korea'sMinistry of Foreign Affairs and in the United Nations.In the foreign ministry he established a reputation for modesty and competence.
slide9
Politics and government

1992 / Agreement of Czechoslovakia disappearance - peaceful way

1992 / Grand Nation revolution – war

1994 / coup – the sudden unconstitutional deposition of agovernment, taking over power and declaration of independence.

When and in what way Czechoslovakia broke –up?

slide10
Politics and government
  • Some notes on Czechoslovakia
    • Czechoslovakia, a country in central Europe that existed from 1918–93. The country consisted of the Czech lands (Bohemia and Moravia) and Slovakia. In 1993 Czechoslovakia broke up into two independent countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
slide11
Politics and government
  • Otto von Bismarck / Germany
  • Benito Mussolini / Italy
  • Francisco Franco / Spain

Who wanted to unite the state by “iron and blood“ and which of the state it is?

slide12
Politics and government
  • Blood and Iron (German:Blut und Eisen)
    • is the title of a speech by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck given in 1862 about the unification of the German territories. It is also a transposed phrase that Bismarck uttered near the end of the speech that has become one of his most widely known quotations.
slide13
Religion
  • was born as Karol JózefWojtyła. He was the most esteemed person for many Poles. John Paul II was known as a supporter of the ecumenical movement and he played an important role in the fall of communism in Poland.
  • The Pope John Paul II (1920 - 2005) was born as Peter JózefDudek. He was the most esteemed person for many Hungarians. John Paul II was known as a supporter of the ecumenical movement, and he played an important role in the fall of communism in Hungary.

Please select the correct statement:

The Pope John Paul II (1920 – 2005)

slide14
Religion

Muslims do not have to eat and drink during the fasting month from the east to sunset and is rejected smoking in public as well.

Muslims do not have to eat and drink during the fasting month each eighth day and is rejected smoking in public and private as well.

Please select the correct statement:

In Islam

slide15
Religion

In Judaism Saturday is holy. You can not enter in the shoes into the synagogue and head of men and women must be covered.

In Judaism is Friday holy. You can not enter in the shoes into the mosque and head of men and women must be covered.

Please select the correct statement

slide16
Religion

Great tribute is addressed to Buddha, a founder of the Buddhism. To touch statues of Buddhais allowed. In the temples you have to sit because your head must not protrude Buddha.

Appropriate tribute is addressed to Buddha, a founder of the Buddhism. It is allowed to touch all statues of Buddha because you are closer to him in your mind. In the temples you have to stand because your head must protrude Buddha.

Please select the correct statement:

slide17
Religion

Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda ".

Pantheon has been used as an Evangelist church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda ".

Please select the correct statement:

slide18
Food and drink

Tafelspitz is a typical ………… (Austrian) dish. The beef is simmered along with root vegetables and spices in the broth. Franz Jozeph I, Emperor of Austria, was a great lover of Tafelspitz.

Gazpacho is a cold ……….. (Spanish) tomato-based, raw vegetable soup, originally in the southern region of Andalusia.

Please fill in the answer

slide19
Food and drink

Fisherman's Soup or halászlé originates from the …………. (Hungarian) cuisine, a bright red hot soup prepared with generous amounts of hot paprika and carp or mixed river fish.

Roast pork with dumplings and Sauerkraut (vepřo-knedlo-zelo) is considered the most popular ………… (Czech) dish. It can be prepared from cabbage or from sauerkraut, which is most common.

Please fill in the answer

slide20
Food and drink

Fasolada, a bean soup defined in many cookery books as the traditional ........... (Greek) dish, sometimes even called "the "national food of the ..........(Greeks)". It is made of beans, tomatoes, carrot, celery and a generous amount of olive oil usually served witha variety of salty side dishes.

Please fill in the answer

slide21
State and cultural symbols

1. Cyprus

a) Athens

Finland

2. Slovakia

b) Helsinki

3. Spain

c) Bratislava

Slovakia

Germany

4. Greece

d) Vienna

Cyprus

e) Nicosia

5. Austria

Spain

6. Germany

f) Madrid

7. Finland

g) Berlin

Greece

Austria

slide22
Cultural Traits
  • Greek cultural traits
    • People prefer trading with friends, so it is very important to built friendships and relationships. Networking and becoming an insider is necessary for a successful trade. They appreciate business partners that are persistent and do not give up easily.
  • Polish cultural traits
    • People are generally religious. They are famous for hospitality, patriotism and courage. On the other hand young people are more oriented to Western Europe.
slide23
Cultural Traits
  • German cultural traits
    • Some traits historically associated with these people are hospitality, frankness, generosity and suspicion.
  • Romanian cultural traits
    • Here are some traits historically associated with this country and its people: cleanliness, orderliness, sincerity, efficiency, firmness loyalty and thoroughness. They are thrifty, hard working and industrious. These people respect perfectionism in all areas of business and private life.
slide24
Cultural Traits
  • Lithuania cultural traits
    • People are generally thought of as being reserved and more individualistic. People will generally feel disturbed by, and resent unannounced visits, except some by very close friends and family. They are very time conscious and value punctuality and the pace of life is quite hectic as people rush around to arrive at places on time.
  • United Kingdom cultural traits
    • People are traditionally inclined on the reserve side, are family oriented and are regarded as persistent. They also regard themselves as being hospitable, tidy, diligent, sincere and full of national pride.
slide25
Cultural Traits
  • Italian cultural traits
    • Almost all friends and family kiss each other on the cheeks upon arrival and departure. A lot of people have a very loud way of talking and of expressing their emotions. They are generally very open about their emotions and about their lives. They are generally very friendly with everyone and do not find the need to gossip and criticize each other.
  • Hungarian cultural traits
    • People are humanistic thinkers and people – oriented, yet free – spirited, stubborn individualists. They respect people who know what they are doing, but reject authoritarian rules. In their eyes an optimist is a person who is poorly informed. The majority of these people still value their relationships above all other sources of happiness.
slide26
Cultural Traits
  • French cultural traits
    • People are very traditional. Old-age traditions like flamenco dancing and bullfighting are still very relevant today. People love to celebrate and have fun and take every opportunity to do so. There's a fantastic range of food, wine, sangria and beer available on every corner.
  • Spanish cultural traits
    • People cherish their culture, history, language and cuisine which is considered for art. They have been and are today world leaders in fashion, food, wine, art and architecture. They embrace novelty, new ideas and manners with enthusiasm as long as they are elegant.
slide27
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • Festival of the Flood
  • Celebrated 5 days
  • 23th January
  • An ancient custom, dolls signifying witches are burnt atop blazing fires

Custom and traditions in Cyprus

Please select the right answer (s)

Kataklysmos in Cyprus is:

slide28
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • The annual Kataklysmos (Festival of the Flood)
    • is a festival celebrated for five days fifty days after Easter in all the coastal towns, but the biggest event takes place in Larnaka.At the heart of the festival is a joyful procession to the sea where people sprinkle each other with water.The festival begins with an ecclesiastical ceremony.
slide29
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • The “Oktoberfest”,
  • The “Carnival”,
  • The “Bayreuth Festival”
  • The “Busseto Carnival”

Custom and traditions in Germany

Please select the right answer:

Popular festivals in Germany are:

slide30
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • The Germany's biggest and best-known festival is the Munich Beer Festival, also known as the "Oktoberfest".
    • More than six million people from all over the world visit these festivals in Germany each year.
  • Carnival
    • Carnival” is celebrated all over Germany but particularly in the Rhineland and in the strongly Catholic regions of Germany.
  • “Bayreuth Festival”
    • is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, at which performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
slide31
Customs, traditions and festivals

People give small presents to each other

On the Saturday before Easter Sunday people go to the church

People painted eggs for Easter and draw on them some patterns

People painted small ball for Easter and draw on them some patterns

Custom and traditions in Poland

Please select the right answer (s)

For Easter in Poland is common:

slide32
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • In Poland, Easter is the happiest day of the year, when the CatholicChurch celebrates the resurrection of Christ. Polish people have always kept the fasting period during the six weeks preceding Easter.Easter in Poland has its special culinary dimension. The food which is blessed on Holy Saturday is eaten on Easter Sunday during what is called Easter Breakfast. Colourful eggs, bread, cake, salt, paper and white colour sausages are laid nicely in the basket. What is carried to church in a small basket is of course just a sample of the whole Easter Breakfast.
slide33
Customs, traditions and festivals

People are dressed in various funny costumes

People are singing, dancing in the streets of the village and have a disco till late at night

Takes place from Three Kings´Day until the midnight before the Ash Wednesday

People make a various type of handcraft typical for Slovakia

Custom and traditions in Slovakia

Please select the right answer

Typical of the “Fašiangy” in Slovakia:

slide34
Customs, traditions and festivals
  • Fašiangy celebrations
    • usually lasted from the Sunday before Lent until Tuesday midnight. Typically a happy group of costumed and masked youths walked from house to house playing music. They dressed up as many different characters. It may seem that Fašiangy was a time of fun and foolishness, but it served apurpose as village people and townsfolk could have fun and enjoy themselves before Lent.
slide35
Customs, traditions and festivals

A major cultural event of the nation attracting thousands of dancers and many more specαtators from all over the world

Held every year in the capital city of Vilnius

Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Masterpiece List (2004)

Held every four years in the capital city of Vilnius

Custom and traditions in Lithuania

Please select the right answer(s)

The Lithuanian Folk Dance Festival is:

slide36
Customs and festivals
  • The Lithuanian Folk Dance Festival is a major cultural event of the nation attracting thousands of dancers and many more spectators from around the world. The Festival is held every four years in the capital city of Vilnius. The First Festival was organized in Kaunas In 1937. There is used a choreographyof some of the most popular dances, such as Suktinis, Noriumiego and others.
slide37
Music and literature

Always on My MindAlw--s on M- M-nd

Which cover of an Elvis song gave the Pet Shop Boys a number one in 1987?

slide38
Music and literature

Marilyn Monroe

M- - - lyn Mo- - -e

About which movie star did Norman Mailer write?

slide39
Music and literature

Sir Winston ChurchillSir Winston Ch----ill

Which Prime Minister wonin Britain last Nobel Prize for literature?

Beethoven

slide40
Music and literature

Botticelli

Bot- - c-ll-

Which Italian artist painted The Birth of Venus?

Beethoven

slide41
Music and literature

Be- -h-v-n

Who did compose the opera "Fidelio"?

Beethoven

slide42
Etiquette and manners

There is a circle made up by thumb and forefinger or mediator means “all right". In Brazil, this is a sign of sexual intercourse.

There is a circle made up by thumb and forefinger or mediator means “all right". In Brazil, this is a sign of abuse.

Please select the correct answer

slide43
Etiquette and manners

The North American “O.K.” sign is extremely rude in Venezuela.

The North American “O.K.” sign is extremely rude in Netherlands.

Please select the correct answer

slide44
Etiquette and manners

In China is allowed to smack. Give others know that you taste it. In China and Japan tips are considered as insult. Much more better is to praise a cook.

In China is not allowed to lick or smack. It is an expression of contempt. In China and Japan are tips considered as necessity. Tips are usually 15 % of the meal price.

Please select the correct answer

slide45
Etiquette and manners

In Romania, guests have to wait to be told where to sit, as there is a strict protocol to be followed. Jackets are not to be removed without permission or until the most senior ranking Romanian does.

Guests in Romania do not have to wait to be told where to sit. Jacket is removed without permission.

Please select the correct answer

slide46
Etiquette and manners

Language of the flowers is different in various countries. For example, in Japan and China mourn color is white and on the contrary you should not donate a yellow flowers in Russia.

Language of the flowers is different in various countries. For example, in Russia mourn color is white and on the contrary you should not donate a yellow flowers in Japan and China

Please select the correct answer

slide47
Sport

Romanian gstaynmisc (gymnastics) has had a large number of successes. In the 1975 Summer Olympics the gstaynm (gymnast) “Nadia Comãneci became the first gstaynm (gymnast) ever to score a perfect “ten”.

England´s national sport is rekctic (cricket), although too many people see a football (Soccer) as a national sport, probably because it is the most popular.

Please select the correct answer

slide48
Sport
  • ceIckhoye (Ice hockey)
    • is the second most popular sport in Europe with it being the most popular sport in Sweden, Finland, Czech Republic, Latvia, Belarus, Slovak Republic and Russia.
slide49
Sport
  • Traditional sports in Switzerland
    • include Siswstslgirewn (Swiss wrestling) or “Schwingen”. It is an old tradition from the rural central cantons and considered the national sport by some. restWresl (Wrestlers) wear gnweritsl (wrestling) breeches with belts that are used for taking holds. Throws and trips are common because the first competitor to pin his/her opponent's shoulders to the ground wins the bout.
slide50
Sport
  • misnipAl (Alpinism)
    • is very famous because Italian nisilaspt (alpinists) wrote several pages of history in this sport. Reinhold Messner was the first man in the world to reach the 14 summits over 8000 meters and the first one to climb Everest alone and without oxygen.
slide51
National and European cultural heritage

Eiffel Tower

Big Ben

Spiš Castle

1. France

2. Slovakia

3. The Great Britain

4. India

5. Spain

Taj Mahal

Sagrada Família

slide52
National and European cultural heritage
  • Big Ben
    • is the nickname for the greatbell of theclockat the north end of thePalaceofWestminister in London and is often extended to refer to the clock or theclocktower as well. It is the largest four-facedchiming clock and the third-tallest free-standing clock tower in the world.
  • The Eiffel Tower
    • is an 1889ironlatticetower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris that has become both a globaliconof France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tallestbuilding in Paris, it is the most-visited paid monument in the world. The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building.
slide53
National and European cultural heritage
  • The ruins of Spiš Castle (Slovak: Spišský hrad) in eastern Slovakia
    • form one of the largestcastle sites inCentral Europe. It was included in the UNESCO list ofWorldHeritageSites in 1993.
  • The SagradaFamília
    • is located in Barcelona, Spain. A massive Roman Catholic church is still under construction in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. This church construction began in 1882 and lasted until this day.The church was originally designed by AntoniGaudí (1852 - 1926), who worked on this project for 40 years, devoting the last 15 years of his life to this great project, started from 1883 and which is scheduled to be completed in 2026.
slide54
National and European cultural heritage
  • The TajMahal
    • is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. It is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
slide55
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity

Russian

English

French

Mandarin

Chinese

What is the most used language in the world?

slide56
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity

 Greeks

  Phoenicians

  Arabs

Who compiled the first alphabet around 1600 BC?

slide57
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity

In rows from right to left

In vertical columns from right to left

In vertical columns from left to right

Japanese reads?

slide58
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity
  • 1080     
  • 3050
  • 1200
  • 2700    

Approximately how many languages are spoken in the world?

slide59
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity
  • Arabic
  •  Hebrew
  •  Cambodian

Which of the following is the longest alphabet (up to 74 letters)

slide60
Europe´s cultural & linguistic diversity

Hungarian

German

Polish

Czech

-

"Dzien dobry" (pronounced 'jayn doh-bray')means "Hello" in which language?

slide61
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity
  • Portuguese
  • German
  • Spanish

Which is the only language in the worldwhere all the nouns begin with a capital letter?

slide62
Europe´s cultural and linguistic diversity
  • 23
  • 18
  • 27
  • 28

How many official languages does theEuropean Union have?

slide63
Proverbs about time
  • Latin origin, German origin, Russian origin, Turkish origin, Czech origin
    • Ruithora . (Time is running away.)
    • Sic vita fugit. (So life runs away.)
    • Zeitist Geld. (Time is money.)
    • ZweiFliegenmiteinerKlappeschlagen. (Kill two birdswith one stone.)
    • Better late than never.
    • You can't do everything at once.
    • Patience is the key to paradise.
    • Activity breeds prosperity.
    • Co můžešudělatdnes, neodkládejnazítřek. (Never putoff till tomorrow what you can do today.)
    • Ránomoudřejšívečera. (The morning is wiser than theevening.)
slide64
Knowledge evaluation

Yes, it is.

No, it is not.

Is possiblethat Nefertiti saw the pyramids?

slide65
Knowledge evaluation
  • Nefertiti
    • Born around 1390 B.C. Nefertiti was the wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (later Akhenaten). After Cleopatra she is the second most famous "Queen" of Ancient Egypt.
  • Pyramids
    • are the monumental buildings with tombs of Egyptian pharaohs. The most famous pyramids: Pyramid of Cheops, Pyramid of Chefren; Mykerin Pyramid. They are named according the Pharaohs of fourth Dinasty (26th century BC). They are located at Giza in Cairo
slide66
Knowledge evaluation

Did Sir Isaac Newton fight as a gladiator in the Colosseum?

Yes, he did

No, he did not.

slide67
Knowledge evaluation
  • Colosseum.
    • The Rome amphitheater for 50,000 spectators, finished the year 80 AD. He served as an arena for gladiatorial games.
  • Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727)
    • mathematician and physicist, one of the foremost scientific intellects of all time.
slide68
Knowledge evaluation

Yes, it is

No, it is not.

Is this building a residence toQueen Elizabeth II.?

slide69
Knowledge evaluation
  • Hagia Sophia
    • is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later mosque and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. It comes from the 6th centuryy. This is an example of Byzantine architecture. The main dome has a height of 55 meters and diameter of 32.6 meters. It has a precious internal function.
slide70
Knowledge evaluation
  • Elizabeth II,
    • was born in 1926 as elder daughter and successor of George VI. She is the present queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1952). Her husband is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and the eldest of her four children is Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales.
slide71
Knowledge evaluation

Yes, it is

No, it is not.

DidNebuchadnezzar II. order construction of Taj Mahal.

slide72
Knowledge evaluation
  • Nebuchadnezzar II.
    • He ordered to build the Hanging Gardens of Babylon about 2,500 years ago. He built gardens for his wife Amytis, because the plants and fountains of Persia missed her. Gardens were four–floor and canopy of terraces were placed on the columns high 25 metres. Platforms terraces were cushioned with a layer of reed and sealed with asphalt. There were there rare grass, shrubs, tall trees and exotic plants
slide73
Knowledge evaluation
  • TajMahal
    • in Agra had come from the mid of 17th century. It was built as a mausoleum by Shah Jahan ruler, a tomb for his wife MumtazMahal. It consists of white marble andit has beenbuilt by 20,000 laborers 18 years.
slide74
Knowledge evaluation

Yes, it was.

No, it was not.

Was the Atomium designed by André Waterkyn?

slide75
Knowledge evaluation
  • Atomium
    • a symbolof the World Exhibition in Brussels (Belgium) in 1958. It is a building showing the layout of the iron atoms in the molecule. In the iindividual atoms are restaurants and various services for tourists.In the connecting tubes are elevators and stairs.
slide76
Knowledge evaluation
  • André Waterkeyn
    • was a Belgian engineer, best known for creating the Atomium. Waterkeyn was asked in 1954 to design a building for the 1958 World Expo that would symbolize Belgian engineering skills. After his death (2005), the top sphere and the square where the Atomium is located was named after him.
slide77
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