Adaptive Homestay as a form of community participation &preservation Case Study: tourist village of Pentingsari in Province of D.I. Yogyakarta V. Reni Vitasurya, ST,.MT
Research background Funding research DIKTI (Department of Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia) PUSWIRA – UAJY • Activity-based tourism or ecotourism began to emerge in the Region of Yogyakarta, especially in the districts of Sleman and Bantul Region in 2012. • The wisdom of rural communities could support their economic prosperity. • Sustainable rural tourism has important consequences in which the developing of tourist village based on nature preservation must be performed. Pentingsari Tourist activity, research documentation, 2014
Research Question • How is the ideal model of community empowerment through tourism sector especially tourism village ? Tourist attraction : local fisheries Pentingsari, research doc.2014
location • Pentingsari Village, Sleman Region, Province of. D.I. Yogyakarta, Indonesia
WHY Pentingsari ? • This village has natural strengths which attract tourists while still preserving its agricultural life. • The successfull concept of environmental preservation of the village is proven through : • An award as the winner of national-level tourist village competition in "A Unique Environmental and Cultural Preservation" category in 2009, • An award from United Nations in the "Nature and Culture" category in 2011.
Research flowchart • How the local community participate in the sustainability of tourism village ?
Methodology Participation of Action Research : • Emphasizes the involvement of the target as an active subject • Makes their experience as an integral part of the study, • Finds the problem, and the solution to empower the research subjects. The research activities and actions in a single unit activity would run continues and be complemented to each other. To achieve the research objectives, the participatory action research method is used and be peformed through some research techniques which are observation, indepth interview, and focus group discussion (FGD). Research activity, FGD,Pentingsari Research doc. 2014
Interview : with members of the group guides, homestay group, group attraction, consumer groups, farmers' groups to determine their involvement in the activities of a tourist village. • Mapping : through observation and interviews to identify and obtain: a) Map distribution tourism and homestay, b) Maps of the physical changes in people's residences and land utilization. Research activity, interview and mapping,Pentingsari Research doc. 2014
Discussion • Map of potential tourist attraction Pentingsari Village Tourist attraction at Pentingsari Village (research doc. 2014)
Maps of the Pentingsari village homestay. Currently the Pentingsari village has 50 houses which actively used as homestay. With an average capacity of 2 persons per room, overall homestay homes can accommodate up to 400 tourists staying.
About homestay in Pentingsari Village Some of Pentingsarihomestay, research doc. 2014 The minimal involvement of the community at Pentingsari is renting out their house as a homestay for tourists.
Homestay as part of the private property of citizens developed adaptively according to tourists needs Mrs. Ratno’s homestay - Build in - Re function. - Use one entrance - No Additional building
Mr. Nugroho’s homestay - Build in. - Homestay’s entrance nearby main entrance. - Additional building are guest entrance and 2 bedrooms
- Build in. - Own entrance. - Additional building are side entrance and guest room Mr. Doto’s homestay
Mrs. Joko’s homestay - Build in. - Re function - Use one entrance. - No additional building
Mr. Sukidjo’s homestay - Build in - Re function. - Toilet as additional facility - Two entrance
The development form of homestay is an adaption to the needs of the existing condition of homes, it can be describe as : - Make over the function of space - Make an addition of space (vertical and horizontal) Example of adaptive space in adaptive homestay, Pentingsari. Research doc.2014
RESULT • Development planning to became homestay facilities does not change the original building houses. – conservation of old buildings • Facilities which developed into a homestay facility (bed rooms, a common room and bathroom) using the room in a renovated old building to achieve the standards of hygiene and comfort for guests.
Addition of the building is not much done. Most are only done on the facade of the building to show the identity of a more comfortable home. • The use of common space between the host and guest becomes the main attraction, because guests do not feel separate and can interact directly. – conservation of the indigenous local community lifestyle • Development of building houses adapted to the conditions of each villager, so there is no standard for the extent and quality of raw. Standard set more on a scale of hygiene and health. • People do extensions and according to their ability Example of the adaptive homestay, Pentingsari. Research doc.2014
Conslusion • Adaptive Homestay is a form of local community participation in efforts to preserve the natural and cultural tourist village in Pentingsari Example of local homestay, Pentingsari. 2014
Form of adaptations made to accommodate the needs of travelers without changing the natural characteristic of the village both physically as well as non-physical building of rural life is the transfer function of the room and with the development of simple constraints, while using common space. Example of adaptive space to accommodate tourist needs in local homestay. Pentingsari 2014