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THE FOOD SYSTEM. VAISHALI. ICAR research complex for eastern region Patna, Bihar India. Important activities in the food system. Food Availability Production Distribution Exchange Food Access Affordability Allocation Preference Food Utilization Nutritional value

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
THE FOOD SYSTEM

VAISHALI

ICAR research complex for eastern region

Patna, Bihar

India

slide2
Important activities in the food system

Food Availability

Production

Distribution

Exchange

Food Access

Affordability

Allocation

Preference

Food Utilization

Nutritional value

Social value

Food safety

slide3
Production

1. Land preparation

Land availability

Rainfall / irrigation

Soil type

2. Purchase of inputs

Availability in the market

Prices

Capital with the farmer

slide4
Production

3. Sowing and Weed / pest control

Rainfall / irrigation

Soil type

Labour availability

Availability of inputs

4. Harvesting

Labour availability

Climate

Market demand

5. Selling / consumption

Household need

Market demand / price

Need of cash

Transportation

slide5
Distribution
  • Selling / buying
  • Consumption need
  • Price
  • Need for cash (indebtedness)
  • Marketing facilities
  • Demand in the market
  • Storage facilities
  • Processing and packaging
  • Type of product
  • Infrastructure facilities
  • Skills available
  • Margin of profit
slide6
Distribution
  • Transportation
  • Consumption needs
  • Infrastructure
  • Time and Cost of transportation
slide7
Exchange

Non availability of cash

Poor marketing mechanism

Urgency of needs

slide8
Food Access

Affordability

Household income

Price

Allocation

Policy support

Preference

Food habits

Customs and traditions

slide9
Food Utilization

1. Nutritional value

Health need

Taste

2. Social value

Social preferences

Customs and traditions

Advertisement

Demonstration effect

Social status

slide10
3. Food safety

Ingredients

Hygiene

Awareness

Digestibility

slide11
Availability of information
  • Demographic data
  • Geographical information
  • Education
  • Health
  • Energy & electricity
  • Land use
  • Area production and productivity data
  • Fertilizer consumption
  • Consumption of seeds, pesticides and insecticides (in quintal)
slide12
Detail of irrigation facilities in the district
  • Classification of workers
  • Size of holdings
  • Animal husbandry
  • Number of bank branches
  • Rapid household survey data – reproduction and child health
slide13
Review
  • Production
  • Pro-poor Intervention Strategies in Irrigated Agriculture in Asia Country Work Plan – India; Pro-poor Intervention Strategies in Irrigated Agriculture in Asia (RETA No. 5945) 160
  • IRS-1B based FCC image interpretation for land use and land cover mapping: An expert system approach, Rajkishore Prasad & A. K. Sinha,; GISdevelopment.net
  • www.vaishali.bih.nic.in
  • Deptt. of Statistics and Evaluation, Govt. of Bihar
  • SERVING FARMERS AND SAVING FARMING National Commission on Farmers (NCF), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, December 2004
  • Report of the National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, 2005
slide14
Social value
  • Understanding Poverty and Vulnerability in India’s Uttar Pradesh and Bihar: A Mixed Method Approach; Barbara Parker and Valerie Kozel (World Bank) www.utoronto.ca/mcis/q2/papers/III_Kozel.pdf
  • Kozel, V and B. Parker: “Poverty in Rural India: The Contribution of Qualitative Research in Poverty Analysis”; WDR on Poverty and development 2000/01 in Stiglitz Summer Research Workshop on Poverty, washingtonDC,1999. http://www.chs.ubc.ca/lprv/PDF/lprv0566.pdf
  • Q-Squared Working Paper No. 9 October 2005
  • The Great Indian Poverty Debate/edited by Angus Deaton and Valerie Kozel. Delhi, MacMillan, 2005, xix, 600 p., tables, ISBN 1403-92644-1.
  • Rural Settlement Patterns : A Case Study of Vaishali District/Shio Muni Yadav. 1997, xii, 171 p., figs.Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd. Vardhaman Charve Plaza IV, Building # 9, K.P Block, Pitampura, New Delhi 110 034, India, Fax: 91-11-27310613, e-mail: [email protected]
slide15
Food safety
  • Understanding the Linkages Between Population Growth, Depletion of Natural Resources and its Implications for Women: A Focus on the EAG States, Kamla Gupta and Mohua Guha, National Seminar on Population, Environment and Nexus, October 21, 2005, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
  • Adapting food systems of the Indo-Gangetic plains to global environmental change: key information needs to improve policy formulation, P.K. Aggarwal, P.K. Joshi, J.S.I. Ingram, R.K. GuptaEnvironmental Science & Policy 7 (2004) 487–498
slide16
Nutritional value
  • ICDS Programme in Bihar, N.C.Saxena; Bottlenecks in the implementation of ICDS Programmes And proposes recommendations which are feasible and practical in the context of Bihar
  • www.supremecourtcommissioners.org/reports/pdf%20files/comrs%20report/fifthreportofcommissioners.pdf
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