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Physics Teacher Preparation at University of Helsinki, Finland PowerPoint Presentation
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Physics Teacher Preparation at University of Helsinki, Finland

Physics Teacher Preparation at University of Helsinki, Finland

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Physics Teacher Preparation at University of Helsinki, Finland

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  1. Ari Hämäläinen, University of Helsinki Dan MacIsaac, Buffalo State College Physics Teacher Preparation at University of Helsinki, Finland

  2. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Education System in Finland [1]

  3. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Finnish Education System • Free and universal • No high-stakes testing, except • Matriculation examination in the end of the Upper Secondary School • Entrance examinations to universities etc.(often the same thing) • Less than in most other countries´ school systems: • school hours & homework • testing & grading • control of schools & teachers • variation between schools

  4. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Finnish Grade School detail • National, obligatory curriculum guidelines; schools make their localized curricula based on the guidelines • In lower grades, same teachers usually follow the class for several years, becoming expert on individual child and accountable for child’s learning • Approximately half of all Finnish children receive formal special education intervention; differentiated instruction, career guidance, counseling, and special education are integrated as required

  5. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Finnish Grade School detail (cont.) • Gr 5-9 physics is conceptual(Hewitt at grades 7-9 in KSYK1) • HS physics is algebraic (Knight alg-trig at KSYK) • HS has 8 physics courses, of which 1 is compulsory; courses are short & intensive, 5-7 weeks • HS “long form” sequence math ends about US Calc IILong form math: 13 courses, 10 compulsoryRegular form math: 8 courses, 6 compulsory • Readiness: University of Helsinki first year physics starts with Calc Based Intl Ed of Knight in English • Kulosaari secondary school, http://www.ksyk.fi/en/ is an international school following the national curriculum

  6. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen “Less is more” Ranking of Finland in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) surveys [2]

  7. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Teacher Education: General • Attractive • Academic • Research-based • Master's Degree

  8. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Subject Teacher Education: General • Two main paths to enter • In the beginning of one's academic studies • After completing a Master's degree in one major and 1-2 minor subjects • Cooperation • Subject department: subject-matter program for teachers • Department of Teacher Education: pedagogical studies

  9. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Physics Teacher Preparation Program at University of Helsinki Physics as the first teaching discipline • Bachelor's degree in physics • Master's degree in physics education • Total of 300 ECTS credits, 3 + 2 years(1 credit equals 25 – 30 h full-time studying) • Physics content targets fostering deep conceptual understanding of the physics studied in grade school • No upper-division physics courses such as Classical Mechanics, Mathematical Methods, etc.

  10. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Bachelor's degree (3 years) • Physics contents: the same as for all physics students • Mechanics • Electromagnetism • Electrodynamics • Waves and fields • Basic relativity • Thermophysics • Measurement methods • Structure of matter • Laboratory work

  11. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Bachelor's degree (cont.) • Minor in the second teaching discipline (usually mathematics or chemistry) • General studies (IT, language, etc) • Subject teacher studies at Department of Teacher Education • Developmental psychology and learning • Special education • General and subject-specific didactics • Basic teaching practice in Teacher Training School • Seminar: teacher as a researcher. Preparation of a research plan. • Bachelor´s thesis (Dept of Physics) • often has the same topic as the upcoming Master's thesis

  12. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Master's degree (2 years) • Specific physics courses for teachers (Dept of Physics) • Teachers' laboratory I & II • Concepts and structures of physics I & II • History and philosophy of Physics • Teachers' thesis seminar • Optional physics courses

  13. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Master's degree (continued) • Subject teacher studies at Department of Teacher Education • Social, historical and philosophical foundations of education • Advanced and final teaching practices in Teacher Training School or Field School • Seminar: teacher as a researcher. Completing the research • Master's thesis (Pro Gradu) (Dept of Physics)

  14. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen History of Physics • Development of physics as a science and a discipline • Utilizing history of physics as a didactical tool • How central physics phenomena were found • Progress of the scientific method • Historical viewpoint to evolution of concepts, models and theories

  15. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Concepts and structures of physics I & II • Structure of physical knowledge • Goals of physics as a science • How does the scientific method and the interaction between empiry and theory control the evolution of the concept structure that is typical for physics • Practical aims: • Learn the physics way of thinking • Learn “how to speak good physics” in teaching • Learn how to use cooperation of theory and empiry for developing teaching strategies and setting goals

  16. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Teachers' laboratory I & II • Learn to implement and design teaching based on empirical concept formation • Learn to use various equipment, including computer-based lab tools • Lectures cover experiments in main physics topics from primary to upper secondary school • Students choose 2+3 topics • Written plan + concept map (links are experiments) • Making the experiments • Written report + revised concept map

  17. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Teachers' laboratory I & II Forming concepts: Interaction, impulse, and inertial mass

  18. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Pro Gradu: examples of topics • Teaching the electron in high school physics and chemistry • Environment and society in physics teaching: climate change • The view of learning embedded in physics textbookshttp://per.physics.helsinki.fi/kirjasto/ont/msloan/Gradu%20Final.pdf • Constructing a set of concept map tools for teaching • Teaching dynamics by experiments to visually impaired students • Physics for preschoolers • Physics for musicians • Physics of clay shooting • Quantitative exploration of the Doppler effect in teaching

  19. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Physics Teacher Preparation Physics as a second teaching discipline • Most physics in schools is taught by math teachers! • Most physics teachers are also math teachers First teaching subject of participants of Teachers' Lab courses in 2004 – 2011, N = 310

  20. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Physics as a second teaching discipline • Physics Education Minor program is part of the Bachelor's Degree (Physics Education Major program is a part of the Master's Degree) • Basic studies in physics for minors • Motion and forces • Heat and energy • Electricity and magnetism • Matter and radiation • Laboratory work (together with majors)

  21. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Physics as a second teaching discipline (continued) • Compulsory subject studies in physics • Concepts and structures of physics I & II for minors • Teachers' laboratory I & II for minors • Optional subject studies in physics • History and philosophy of physics • 2-3 Bachelor's Degree courses in physics, astronomy, geophysics or meteorology

  22. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Teacher Qualification • To get a tenure, one must be qualified (today, must have Master's Degree) • Qualification is proven by a personal diploma given by the university; no central record of certifications • Schools are allowed to hire unqualified teachers in temporary positions • Many pre-service teachers work part-time as substitutes during their studies

  23. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen References and links • Sahlberg, P. Finnish Lessons. What can the world learn from educational change in Finland? Teachers College, Columbia University. www.finnishlessons.com.Pasi Sahlberg is a past Finnish math and physics teacher, amongst many other things. • www.pisa.oecd.org • www.oph.fi/english • per.physics.helsinki.fi/eng/ • www.helsinki.fi/teachereducation/ • tinyurl.com/Jan2011poster-ppt

  24. Faculty of Science / Ari Hämäläinen Thank you • Questions, please! • Ari.Hamalainen@helsinki.fi