Adapting to climate change. Jonathan Suk 30 June 2010. Drivers of emerging infectious diseases. Main categories of drivers associated with emergence and re-emergence of human pathogens. Rank* Driver. 1 Changes in land use or agricultural practices.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
30 June 2010
Main categories of drivers associated with emergence and re-emergence of human pathogens
1 Changes in land use or agricultural practices
2 Changes in human demographics and society
3 Poor population health, e.g. HIV, malnutrition
4 Hospitals and medial procedures
5 Pathogen evolution, e.g. antimicrobial drug resistance, increased virulence
6 Contamination of food sources or water supplies
7 International travel
8 Failure of public health programmes
9 International trade
10 Climate change
* Ranked by the number of pathogen species associated with them (most to least).
Source: Woolhouse, M.E.J. & Gowtage-Sequeria, S. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005, Vol. 11(12): 1842-1847.
*Disease not currently prevalent in continental EU region
Current distribution of climate change in EuropeAedes albopictus in the EU
Source: Schaffner, F. Development of Aedesalbopictus risk maps. TigerMaps project. ECDC, Stockholm 2008. (Forthcoming.)
Surveillance climate change in Europe
Direct exposures(heat stroke, drowning…)
Indirect exposures(vector-borne diseases, other infectious diseases)
Socio-economic impacts(homelessness, refugees…)
time2. Environmental monitoring
Working group, reference group, etc
Climate, diseases, vulnerability factors
Vulnerability and impacts
Adaptive strategies and measures
Impacts and measures
Probability of an outbreak/strength of climate change-disease relationship
Weighted significance of climate change on the transmission of a specific infectious disease in an area
Severity of consequence for society risk group