Nutrition. Nutrition and Exercise. Personal fitness requires positive lifestyle choices including physical activity and eating healthy. “If you don’t take care of your body, where are you going to live?” ~Unknown. Nutrition and Nutrients .
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Personal fitness requires positive lifestyle choices including physical activity and eating healthy.
“If you don’t take care of your body, where are you going to live?” ~Unknown
Nutrition – The study of food and how your body uses the substances in food.
Nutrients – Substances in food that your body needs for energy, proper growth, body maintenance, and functioning.
Carbohydrates - the body’s chief source of energy.
Proteins - serve as a secondary source of energy.
Fats - or lipids, are another
type of nutrient that provide energy.
Carbohydrates are classified as:
Protein is a component of bones, connective tissue, skin, blood, and vital organs.
There are two types of proteins found in foods:
Individuals who eliminate meat, fish, and poultry from their eating plans.Protein
Vegetarians and Vegans must eat a variety of plant-based foods and dairy products to ensure an adequate intake of complete proteins.
are vegetarians who also eliminate eggs and dairy products from their diets.
Fats are good for you because…
Fats supply twice the energy of a gram of carbohydrate or protein.
Fats transport and absorb vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Fats help regulate the hormone testosterone, which is used to build body tissue.
Fats enhance the flavor and texture of foods
Fats help satisfy huger because they take longer to digest.
Fats are not good for you because…
Eating too many fats can clog arteries and lead to heart disease.
Eating too many fats can lead to certain types of cancer.
Fat that is not used as energy is stored as adipose tissue.
Excess body fat can lead to unhealthful weight gain and obesity.
Excess fat can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes.Micronutrients
Minerals such as calcium, potassium, sodium, and iron, help your body function.
Like vitamins, minerals do not contain calories or supply your body with energy.
Minerals help your body function.
Drinking water is essential for these reasons:
Digestion And Transport - Water plays an essential role in digestion and the transportation of nutrients through your body.
Temperature Control - Water is a good medium for regulating temperature.
Structure - provides structure that protects vital organs.
Dehydration - If you go too long without adequate hydration, you will soon suffer loss of motor function and cognitive skills.
Excess sugar that is not needed is stored as body fat.
Breakfast is important for these reasons:
Breakfast replenishes your body’s energy supply.
Breakfast improves your physical and mental performance.
Breakfast is important for maintaining a healthy weight.
Breakfast may help you avoid overeating later in the day.