Child Soldiers in Bosnia. Ysabella Johnson Carter Reints Sharon Sethna Dylan White. Background Picture: < http://farm1.static.flickr.com/153/361684179_e0babcf30e.jpg. What Are Child Soldiers?.
Background Picture: <http://farm1.static.flickr.com/153/361684179_e0babcf30e.jpg
A child who has been forced to commit acts of violence for a particular military group. The children are generally recruited or kidnapped by armed force and threatened with violence if they do not comply.
“A child associated with an armed force or armed group refers to any person below 18 years of age who is or who has been recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters, spies or for sexual purposes. It does not only refer to a child who is taking or has taken a direct part in hostilities.”
-Child Soldiers International
A map of where child soldiers are located in the world in 2000/2001
Background Photo <http://www.nickfleming.com/images/zoom/gurkhas/Bosnian-Boys.jpg>
Former Yugoslavia Split up into the countries Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Yugoslav wars in the 1990’s
A map of Bosnia and Hergovina<http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/bosnia_herzegovina_pol97.jpg>
Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia<http://www.bhuknetwork.org/english/bihcapital.aspx>
During the civil war, a majority of the children had been in situations where they believed they would die.
Between 1992-1995 roughly 4,000 children were forced into combat in the formal Yugoslavia, mostly in Bosnia
One shocking statistic was 55 percent of children in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina had been shot at, and 66 percent had been in a situation where they expected to die.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the number of child causalities was the highest since 2004. Majority of child causalities were boys (about 80%).
Background Picture: <http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3362/3663052008_59a0d6294c.jpg>
“‘I was in Dobrinja the entire time, a neighborhood that was under siege throughout the war, without food, without water, without gas, and without the possibility of leading a normal life. I was a member of the Third battalion of the Fifth troop’“
AdinSalkanovic was 14 when he spent a year As a Bosnian Child Soldier
“Photo of AdinSalkanovic” <http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,SS_081704_Bosnian,00.html>
Children playing with toy guns in Sarajevo. <http://www.rferl.org/content/Child_Soldiers_Of_The_Balkans/1349516.html>
Background Picture: <http://www.osce.org/files/imagecache/small/images/web/f/d/12049.jpg?1269007111>
The war included three ethnic groups the Bosniaks, Serbians, and Croatians that were all living in Bosnia at the time, so it was considered a civil war.
The capital of Bosnia
At the end of the war it was estimated between 100,000 and 200,000 people died
Although child soldiers was a serious issue in Bosnia in the past, new reports say there is currently no one under 18 serving in the armed forces
Background Picture: <http://bosniangenocide.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/american-soldiers-with-bosnian-muslim-refugees-near-zivinice.jpg>
In 2003, Bosnia-Herzegovia stated that military recruitment for children under the age of 18 is not permitted
The presentation before the UN Committee on Rights of Child in Bosnia-Herzegovia
Countries outside of places with child soldiers are also helping by passing laws such as the Child Soldier Prevention Act
An excerpt from the Bill Text for the Child Soldier Prevention Act
Many sources have concluded that the only way to fully stop the recruiting of child soldiers is to stop the war itself.
16. "Saying "No" to Recruiting Child Soldiers." Photograph. dailykos. Jim Luce. 2009. Web. 26 Oct 2011. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=bosnian children soldier&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=699&tbm=isch&tbnid=362S8PY4G4mh7M:&imgrefurl=http://www.nickfleming.com/photography/view/British_Gurkha_Soldiers/Children_Near_Travnik%3A_Bosnia.html&docid=TI6sAxRycj6HwM&imgurl=http://www.nickfleming.com/images/zoom/gurkhas/Bosnian-Boys.jpg&w=515&h=340&ei=PW-oTpHTHfKMsALnoKDABQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=234&sig=109093054641362657101&page=2&tbnh=155&tbnw=207&start=16&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:16&tx=121&ty=42>.
17. "OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina ." Photograph. OSCE. OSCE. 2003. Web. 26 Oct 2011. http://www.osce.org/bih/12049
18. " An art drawing made by a former Ugandan child soldier." Photograph. UNGIFT. Beatrice Lamwaka-. 2003. Web. 26 Oct 2011. <http://www.osce.org/bih/12049>..
19. "Impact on children of illicit trafficking of small arms, landmines and unexploded ordnance ." Children And Armed Conflict. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct 2011. <http://www.un.org/children/conflict/english/smallarmslandmines.html>.
20. Multiple Authors, . "History of the war in Bosnia." Center for Balkan Development. N.p., May 1996. Web. 26 Oct 2011. <http://www.balkandevelopment.org/edu_bos.html >.
21. "Child Soldiers Global Report 2008 - Bosnia-Herzegovina." Refworld. Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, 20 May 2008. Web. 25 Oct 2011. <http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,CSCOAL,,BIH,,486cb0eb2d,0.html>.
22. What is a Child Soldier?."Promising Futures, Community By Community. The Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, n.d. Web. 26 Oct 2011. <http://www.planusa.org/contentmgr/showdetails.php/id/2147
Background Picture: <http://womennewsnetwork.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/008-UgandaformerchildsoldierDrawing-ImageUNGIFT.jpg>