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American History Chapter 16-4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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American History Chapter 16-4. Taft and Wilson. Election of 1908. Rep. William Taft v. Dem. William Bryan. Taft won easily with support from Pres. Roosevelt. Passed the 16 th Amendment : Power of Congress to levy taxes based on an individual’s income. Republican Party Splits.

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election of 1908
Election of 1908
  • Rep. William Taft v. Dem. William Bryan.
  • Taft won easily with support from Pres. Roosevelt.
    • Passed the 16th Amendment: Power of Congress to levy taxes based on an individual’s income.
republican party splits
Republican Party Splits
  • Taft lost support of the Progressive Republicans:
    • Signed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff bill, raising tariffs.
    • Fired Forest Service chief Gifford Pinchot, causing Roosevelt to withdraw his support of Taft.
  • Election of 1912:
    • Rep. Party chose Taft as their candidate.
    • Progressive rep. chose Roosevelt. (Bull Moose Party)
    • Democrats chose Woodrow Wilson.
  • Woodrow Wilson dominated & became the 28th president of the United States.
president wilson
President Wilson
  • Promised New Freedom:
    • Lower tariffs, bank reform, stronger antitrust laws.
  • Underwood Tariff Act: Reduced tariffs & assessed a graduated income tax.
  • Federal Reserve Act: Created a 3-tier banking system.
    • Fed. Reserve Board, appt. by the pres. to run the system.
    • 12 Fed. Reserve banks to serve other banks.
    • Private banks to serve the public.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act: Specified illegal trusts & made peaceful strikes & boycotts legal.
    • FTC created to enforce the antitrust law & crack down on deceptive advertising.
women gain suffrage
Women Gain Suffrage
  • National Women’s Party: Started in 1916 by Alice Paul.
    • Pushed for an amendment to give women voting rights.
      • Picketed the White House/ chained themselves to fences.
      • Went on hunger strikes in jail.
      • Organized marches & lobbied.
  • 19th Amendment: Ratified in 1920 – gave women full voting rights.
progressive movement
Progressive Movement
  • Had limited impact on the rights of black Americans.
    • Brownsville Incident: Pres. Roosevelt dishonorably discharged 167 African American soldiers in 1906.
    • Was not corrected until 1972.
  • WWI would end the Progressive Era in the U.S.