15 3 darwin presents his case n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
15-3 Darwin Presents his Case PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
15-3 Darwin Presents his Case

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 32

15-3 Darwin Presents his Case - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

15-3 Darwin Presents his Case. Publication of On the Origin of Species. In 1858, Darwin received a short essay from Alfred Russel Wallace, a fellow naturalist who had been doing field work in Malaysia.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '15-3 Darwin Presents his Case' - kana

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
publication of on the origin of species
Publication of On the Origin of Species
  • In 1858, Darwin received a short essay from Alfred Russel Wallace, a fellow naturalist who had been doing field work in Malaysia.
  • The essay summarized the thoughts on evolutionary change that Darwin had been thinking about for 25 years.

18 months later, Darwin published On the Origin of Species, where he proposed a mechanism for evolution called natural selection.

inherited variation and artificial selection
Inherited Variation and Artificial Selection
  • In artificial selection, nature provided the variation, and humans selected those variations that they found useful.
evolution by natural selection
Evolution by Natural Selection
  • The struggle for existence means that members of each species compete regularly to obtain food, living spaces, and other necessities of life.
survival of the fittest
Survival of the Fittest
  • Darwin called the ability of an individual organism to survive and reproduce in its specific environment fitness.
  • An adaptation is any inherited characteristic that increases an organism’s chance of survival.

Individuals that are better suited to their environment-that is, with adaptations that enable fitness-survive and reproduce most successfully. Darwin called this process survival of the fittest.

  • Darwin referred to survival of the fittest as natural selection.

Over time, natural selection results in changes in the inherited characteristics of a population. These changes increase a species’ fitness in its environment.

descent with modification
Descent with Modification
  • Each living species has descended, with changes, from other species over time.
  • He referred to this principle as descent with modification.

According to the principle of common descent, all species-living and extinct-were derived from common ancestors.

  • Therefore, a “tree of life” links all living things.
evidence of evolution
Evidence of Evolution
  • Darwin argued that living things have been evolving on Earth for millions of years. There was much evidence for this argument.
the fossil record
The fossil record
  • By comparing fossils from older rock layers with fossils from younger layers, scientists could document the fact that life on Earth has changed over time.
geographic distribution of living species
Geographic Distribution of living species
  • Darwin found entirely different species of animals on the continents of South America and Australia.
  • Yet, when he looked at similar environments on those continents, he sometimes saw different animals that had similar anatomies and behaviors.
homologous body structures
Homologous Body Structures
  • Structures that have different mature forms but develop from the same embryonic tissues are called homologous structures.
  • The organs of many animals are so reduced in size that they are just vestiges, or traces, of homologous organs in other species. These vestigial organs may resemble miniature legs, tails, or other structures.
similarities in embryology
Similarities in Embryology
  • Many embryos look especially similar during early stages of development.
  • It is clear that the same groups of embryonic cells develop in the same order and in similar patterns to produce the tissues and organs of all vertebrates.
summary of darwin s theory
Summary of Darwin’s Theory
  • Individual organisms differ, and some of this variation is heritable.
  • Organisms produce more offspring than can survive.
  • Organisms compete for limited resources.
  • Individuals best suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully.

Species alive today are descended with modification from ancestral species that lived in the distant past.