The global fund structure function and evolution
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The Global Fund- structure, function and evolution. February 18, 2008. Simplifying the Global Fund. BG/290607/4 . What is the Global Fund What has it achieved together with countries Architecture - How does it work The Global Fund process from proposal development to implementation.

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  • What is the Global Fund

  • What has it achieved together with countries

  • Architecture - How does it work

  • The Global Fund process from proposal development to implementation

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What is the Global Fund?

The Global Fund is an independent public-private partnership mandated:- To raise and to disbursesubstantial new resources - To operate transparently and accountably- To achieve sustained impact on HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria


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Guiding Principles

  • Operate as a financial instrument, not an implementing entity

  • Make available and leverage additional financial resources

  • Support programs that reflect national ownership

  • Operate in a balanced manner in terms of different regions, diseases and interventions

  • Pursue an integrated and balanced approach to prevention and treatment

  • Evaluate proposals through independent review processes

  • Establish a simplified, rapid and innovative grant-making process and operate transparently, with accountability


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A new way of doing business

  • Supports programs that evolve from national plans to fill critical gaps at country level

  • Recognizes only a country driven, coordinated approach for proposal development and implementation

  • Its core function remains that of financing, disbursing and managing new funds

  • Relies on its partnerships with other development and technical partners, civil society and the private sector to support countries in delivering effective programs and services to communities in need

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Global Fund Achievements

  • $8.1 billion committed to the fight against AIDS, TB and malaria

  • $5.1 billion disbursed to date

  • 60% of these funds are channeled to low-income countries and committed to Africa

  • The Global Fund has approx 300 staff and is supporting more than 500 programs in approx 133 countries

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Disease Components DistributionRounds 1-7, (December 2007)

Global Fund Resources by Disease Component

100% = $9.98 billion USD

Percentages of total funds approved by the Board, including Phase 2


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Results in 2007 – rapid stage of scale up

Exceptional challenges: 20-40% of international targets

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Key Structures of the Global Fund

  • The Board

  • Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs)

  • Technical Review Panel

  • Secretariat of the Global Fund

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Partnership - The Board

  • Donors (7)

  • Recipients (7)

  • NGOs North

  • NGOs South

  • Communities living

  • with the diseases





  • Private sector

  • Foundations

  • WHO


  • World Bank





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Global Fund Country Governance(Country Coordinating Mechanisms)

Private Sector



Affected communities



Multi/bilateral partners



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Role of the CCM

  • Coordinate national proposal submission for grant funding

  • Ensure linkages of Global Fund assistance with development partners and initiatives

  • Ensure clear strategies that meet the needs of most affected & marginalised people.

  • Consultation with constituents while providing transparency to the general public

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The Process Used by the Global Fund

  • Global Fund calls for proposals (March 1st)

  • CCM collaborates to prepare proposals

  • CCM submits proposals to the Global Fund and recommends principal recipients

  • Secretariat screens the proposals for elegibility

  • Technical review panel reviews proposals and submits to the Global Fund Board for approval

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The Process Used by the Global Fund

  • Global Fund appoints a Local Fund Agent (LFA)

  • LFA assesses capacity of principal recipients (PR)

  • Secretariat negotiates a grant agreement with PR

  • Global Fund signs a two-year grant agreement

  • Disbursements are made to PR on the basis of performance in a form of progress updates

  • PR may disburse to sub-recipients as implementers

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Who Implements Global Fund Grants?

Estimates from Rounds 2-6 proposals

100% = $4,1 billion USD


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The Global Fund’s model for grant accountability

  • Rely on local stakeholders at the country level to implement programs and manage grant proceeds

  • As far as possible encourage the use of existing standards and processes

  • Monitor and evaluate programs and make decisions on future funding based on performance and accountability

  • Promote rapid release of funds to assist target populations