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European Theater PowerPoint Presentation
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European Theater

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European Theater - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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European Theater

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  1. European Theater Objectives: Student will discover the major battles that were fought in the European Theater. Students will begin designing a poster to illustrate those battles.

  2. Theater During a time of war, the military uses the term “theater” to refer to a specific geographical area. WWII had two theaters: European and Pacific.

  3. Fronts The European Theater was broken up into the Western and Eastern Front because the European Theater was so big.

  4. Germany Invades Poland September 1, 1939

  5. What happened? • 1st use of “Blitzkreig” • Polish Army defeat in a matter of weeks • Britain and France declared War on Germany to honor their agreement to protect Poland’s borders

  6. Importance Beginning of WWII

  7. Germany invades France May 10-22 1940

  8. What happened? • 3 days after Germany invades France, the Germans break through the lines of defense • German Army captures Paris • French government agrees to disband Army and turn over all Jews to Germany

  9. Importance Britain is now the only member of the Allies in Europe and the invasion also helped strengthen the Nazi hold over Europe

  10. Battle of Britain July 1940

  11. What happened? • Air Raids by Germany against London & other major cities • Germany wanted to destroy the Royal Air Force (RAF) & force Great Britain to surrender • Germany believed they couldn’t carry out an assault on Great Britain until the RAF was taken down

  12. Importance First defeat of Hitler’s military forces

  13. Battle of Stalingrad Begins August 1942, Ends February 1943

  14. What happened? • Germany invaded the Soviet Union and bombed the city of Stalingrad • Soviet Union sent 1 million well supplied soldiers to Stalingrad • Germany moves into city and was unable to receive food and supplies. They were forced into hand-to-hand combat and surrendered

  15. Importance Turning point of the Eastern Front of the war: Soviet Union beings to push Germany back

  16. D-Day June 6, 1944

  17. What happened? • Paratroopers invaded the coast of Normandy, France and were followed by a landing by the marines • After sustaining heavy losses, Allied forces gained control of the coast

  18. Importance Turning point of the Western Front of the war: Great Britain and U.S. began to push Germany back

  19. Battle of Midway June 1942

  20. What happened? • U.S. surprise bombing on Japanese cities • Japan sent all of their military to Midway to launch attack on U.S. Fleet • U.S. Fleet was waiting for the Japanese to show up • U.S. defeated the Japanese in battle

  21. Importance Turning point of war in the Pacific: America begins to push Japan back