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Medication used in Mental Health . Common used drugs in Psychiatry. Anti-psychotics Anti-depressants Anti-anxiety Mood stabilisers Sleeping pills Medication to manage side-effects. All Medication. All medication have side effects All medication interact with each other

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common used drugs in psychiatry
Common used drugs in Psychiatry

GSHarnisch

Anti-psychotics

Anti-depressants

Anti-anxiety

Mood stabilisers

Sleeping pills

Medication to manage side-effects

all medication
All Medication

GSHarnisch

  • All medication have side effects
  • All medication interact with each other
  • Some medication, herbs, drugs or food should not be taken together for example:
      • champix with clozapine
      • citalopram with alcohol, St. John’s Wart
      • Tegretol and grapefruit juice
      • http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0206d.shtml
name of commonly used antipsychotics
Name of commonly used antipsychotics

GSHarnisch

Clozapine - Clozaril

Olanzapine - Zyprexa

Quetiapine - Seroquel

Risperidone - Risperdal

anti psychotics administration
Anti-psychotics: Administration

GSHarnisch

Some are given by injection

Others are given by tablets

Injections have the advantage that one does not have to remember to take the medication every day.

antipsychotics effects
Antipsychotics: Effects

GSHarnisch

They are not a cure but are given to manage the symptoms of psychosis for example they may:

control anxiety and serious agitation, so that the person getting the medication feels less threatened

reduce incoherent speech and muddled thinking

reduce confusion

lessen delusions and hallucinations

reduce violent, disruptive behaviour

reduce mania.

how do antipsychotics work
How do antipsychotics work?

GSHarnisch

Most antipsychotics block one of the brain chemicals that carry messages between cells in different areas of the brain (dopamine).

Blocking that chemical reduces the flow of messages

Most antipsychotics affect other brain chemicals too, and this causes some of the side effects.

side effects
Side - Effects

GSHarnisch

effects on the heart

drowsiness

dry mouth which can cause tooth decay

blurred vision

dizziness

feeling sick

difficulty passing water

rapid heartbeat

side effects1
Side - Effects

GSHarnisch

weight gain and obesity

high blood sugar and diabetes

high blood pressure

high cholesterol.

eye problems – cataract

constipation which may be severe enough to be life-threatening if not treated

low blood pressure

restlessness

how can i persuade my relative to take medication
How can I persuade my relative to take medication?

GSHarnisch

http://www.mentalhealthcare.org.uk/view_all_videos/dr_juliana_onwumere_video_4

medication
Medication

GSHarnisch

Obtain information on medication including hand-outs only from the medsafe website: http://www.medsafe.govt.nz/

Or from:

http://www.sane.org/information/factsheets-podcasts/201-antipsychotic-medication

antidepressant drugs
Antidepressant Drugs

GSHarnisch

Types of antidepressants used most commonly:

(there are more than 10 types)

  • Tricyclics
    • Amitriptyline
    • Clomipramine
    • Imipramine
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
    • Citalopram
    • Paroxetine
    • Fluoxetine - Prozac
antidepressant side effects summary
Antidepressant side effects - summary

GSHarnisch

Drowsiness

Dry mouth

Blurred vision

Constipation

Urinary retention

Dizziness

Delayed orgasm and low sex drive, particularly in men

Increased heart rate

Disorientation or confusion

antidepressant side effects summary1
Antidepressant side effects - summary

GSHarnisch

Low blood pressure, which can cause light-headedness

Increased appetite

Weight gain

Fatigue

Headache

antidepressant side effects summary2
Antidepressant side effects - summary

GSHarnisch

dizziness

dry mouth

feeling agitated or shaky

not sleeping well or, alternatively, feeling very sleepy

loss of appetite

yawning

excessive sweating

antidepressant side effects summary3
Antidepressant side effects - summary

GSHarnisch

Serotonin syndrome:

confusion

agitation

muscle twitching

sweating

shivering

diarrhoea

antianxiety benzodiazepines
Antianxiety-Benzodiazepines

GSHarnisch

Benzodiazepines:

Lorazepam - Ativan

Oxazepam - Serax

Diazepam - Valium

antianxiety benzodiazepines side effects summary
Antianxiety-Benzodiazepinesside effects - summary

GSHarnisch

Addictive

Paradoxical syndrome

anticonvulsants
Anticonvulsants

GSHarnisch

Carbamazepine – Tegretol

Sodium Valporate - Epilim

anticonvulsants side effects summary
Anticonvulsants – side effects summary

GSHarnisch

sedation

cognitive impairments

Tremor

low blood pressure

liver and kidney effected

dizziness

Tiredness

lowered white blood cells

statins cholesterol lowering medication side effects
Statins- cholesterol lowering medication side effects

GSHarnisch

nose bleeds

cold-like symptoms

headache

feeling sick

muscle and joint pain

difficulty sleeping

constipation, diarrhoea, indigestion and/or flatulence (passing wind)

high blood pressure hypertension medication side effects
High blood pressure (hypertension)medication – side effects

GSHarnisch

feeling drowsy

pain around your kidney area (on the side of the lower back)

a dry cough

dizziness, faintness or light-headedness

a skin rash