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Managing Business Marketing & Sales

Managing Business Marketing & Sales

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Managing Business Marketing & Sales

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  1. Managing Business Marketing & Sales Professor Waldemar A. Pfoertsch弗沃德 Term 4/MBA 2006 Oct. 8 -28, 2007

  2. Introduction • The Course goal • Deepen their understanding of business-to-business marketing and sales force management, • Gain an appreciation of the linkages between marketing, different channels as well as other functional areas, and • Develop insights into the global scope of the managerial challenges in business marketing and sales • The people • Professor • Students

  3. Course Content: • rigorous analysis of a large number of business marketing situations, • guided by certain fundamental concepts • an exposure to marketing literature • and conceptualizations • using the case method extensively

  4. Literature: • Jenster, Hayes & Smith: Managing Business Marketing & Sales: An International Perspective Copenhagen Business School Press [JHS] • Vitale, Rob Giglierano, Joe; Pfoertsch, Waldemar, Business to Business Marketing: Analysis and Practice in a Dynamic Environment Western Publishing, Second Edition 2007 [VGP] • Supplementary materials: Required Cases and Readings

  5. Book Access • The [VGP] chapters will be accessible on the CEIBS server and the [JHS] book is available in the internet: • http://books.google.de/books?id=Nx_oba-icowC&pg=PP1&ots=N8mU_QdRqS&dq=jenster&sig=2OXI42cYh5aG3-iTePCZIkXYwfE

  6. Assessment: • 30 % Class Participation • 40 % Group Project (Max. 3 Students, Max. 20 page Academic paper on a Business marketing topic of interest to the group (format Journal of Marketing), or a case study based on your own experience/company interviews and an analysis of the resolution – due date November 2) • 30 % Quiz (2 two random tests on an assigned case or Chapter)

  7. Session 1 & 2 • 2006-10-0808:40-11:50 • An Overview of Business Marketing [JHS] Ch. 1 & 6 • Segmentation [VGP] Ch. 7 • Case: Alto Chemical Europe

  8. Sales experience • The jack sales 3 ton hydraulic jack used good condition U.S. NSN 5120-00-403-0953. Auto Speciaties or Black Hawk mfg

  9. What is your sales experience?

  10. Sales and Trust Chinas big Challenge

  11. The Nature of Business Marketing • ~ 50% of all transactions are business to business transactions • Business strategy follows business principles • Business markets have their own dynamics • Business Products and Services vary greatly from Raw Material, Components, Manufactured Products, Capital and Construction Good, to MRO (Maintenance, Repair, Operating Supplies)

  12. B2B ≠ B2C • Complexity of Industrial Products • Derived Demand

  13. B2B ≠ B2C • Internationality • Organizational Buying • Buying Situation • new task • straight re-buy • modified re-buy

  14. B2B ≠ B2C • BuyingCenter

  15. Buying stages • Stage 1: Problem recognition • Stage 2: General need description • Stage 3: Product specification • Stage 4: Search for and evaluation of potential suppliers • Stage 5: Proposal solicitation and analysis • Stage 6: Supplier evaluation and selection • Stage 7: Order-routine specification • Stage 8: Performance review

  16. Brand Relevance in relation to the Buying Situation and the stages in the Organizational Buying Process.

  17. Human Factors in Business Decisions

  18. Common Bases for Segmentation By industry in which the customer participates By product offered By geographic region By size of account By size of the customer’s company By buying behavior By technology used by the customer

  19. Basic Ideas of Segmentation Measureability Marketers seek to create market segments that have the characteristics of Accessibility Substantiality Actionability

  20. Can we communicate with the segment so that serving the segment is possible? Accessibility Does the segment desire that values that an offering presents? Substantiality Can we understand the size and needs of the market segment? Measureability Can we create a competitive advantage with respect to the needs of the segment? Actionability

  21. Selecting Business Markets All Potential Customers Stage 1 Bases: Location, Size, Industry, etc. Macro Segment 1 Macro Segment 2 Basis: Characteristics of the Decision-making Unit X Basis: Characteristics of the Decision-making Unit Y Stage 2 Micro Segment 1 Micro Segment 2 Micro Segment 3 Micro Segment 4 Two Stage approach of segmentation

  22. Selecting Business Markets Geographic Demographics Operating Variables Purchasing Approach Situational Factors Personal Characteristics Nested Approach to Segmentation

  23. SIC and NAICS Codes • The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS will reshape the way we view our changing economy. • NAICS was developed jointly by the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to provide new comparability in statistics about business activity across North America. http://www.census.gov/naics/2007/index.html

  24. Analytic Approach to Segmentation Analytic approaches need two sets of data: • Information about segment size and growth • Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) and North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes are useful. • Information about each targeted segments needs and buying behavior.

  25. Value-Based Segmentation Value: the sum of the benefits minus the sum of the costs Companies should try to choose and address segments that are homogenous in the kinds of value sought. Homogenous Segments Heterogenous Segments

  26. a INFRASTRUCTURE 1 b HUMAN RESOURCES 2 c TECHNOLOGY & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 3 d PROCUREMENT 4 ADDED VALUE CUSTOMER SERVICE Key elements of value chain contributing to offering – complicated chain of activities because of complicated offering Segments and the Value Chain Segment Offering Value Chain Subgroupswith differingneeds Key elements of offering ad-dressing sub-groups in themarket segment –complex offering Several sub-groups in the market segment due to differing needs

  27. INFRASTRUCTURE a HUMAN RESOURCES b TECHNOLOGY & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROCUREMENT ADDED VALUE CUSTOMER SERVICE Fewer key elements of offering ad-dressing sub-groups in themarket segment Segments and the Value Chain Value Chain Offering Segment 1 2 Key elements of value chain contributing to offering – simpler chain of activities because of simpler offering Fewer sub-groups in the market segment due to more homogeneous needs

  28. Segmentation by Discovery • Sometimes, a business starts serving only 1-2 large customers. • Over time, additional customers who seek something similar to the original offering are recruited/attracted. In this way, a new segment is “discovered.” • Field marketing personnel must be coached to recognize such discovery opportunities. • Proprietary information of different customers must be respected.

  29. Factors in Assessing Segment Attractiveness • Size of segment • Growth rate of segment • Intensity of unmet needs • Reachability of segment through communication channels • Readiness of segment to reach and adopt a solution • Likelihood of competitive intensity • Sufficiency of channel reach • Likely value contribution by channel(s) • Match between segment needs and supplier’s strengths • Differentiability of supplier’s offering • Opportunity to achieve strategic goal by addressing segment • Opportunity to achieve learning goal by addressing segments

  30. Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations Attractiveness of Segments

  31. Market Attractiveness • Large and fast growing segments are more attractive than smaller and slow-growing segments • This necessitates accurately predicting future growth. • Other issues include • Adaptability of market segments, • Existing relationships with the buying center members, and • Available customer’s budget Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations

  32. Competitive Attractiveness • What is the likely existence or emergence of competition in the market segment? • Are there barriers to entry facing competitors? • Does being first to market provide an advantage? Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations

  33. Channel Attractiveness • It is preferable to target customers already served by well-established marketing channels, or if an existing channel can be adapted, it may serve the segment. • When there is no suitable existing channel, a market view of competition may be necessary. • How is the existing need being met? • Will customers switch? Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations

  34. Internal Attractiveness • A segment is more attractive when the segment’s needs can be met by the firm’s core competencies. • This is identified through environmental analysis. Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations

  35. Segment Attractiveness

  36. Attractiveness – Other Considerations • Other factors that might cause a segment to rated higher or lower include: • Public policy (excessive government regulation can cause a segment to be downgraded) • Organizational goals (market share goals may make firms more aggressive in targeting) Market Attractiveness Competitive Attractiveness Channel Attractiveness Internal Attractiveness Attractiveness – Other Considerations

  37. 3 Basic Concepts in B2B Marketing Segmenting Targeting Positioning