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What is Mental Health?

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Well adjusted A person that is reasonably worry-free and can handle the usual daily tensions and crises of living which may involve moments of fear, anxiety, distrust, depression. Mentally Ill

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what is mental health
Well adjusted

A person that is reasonably worry-free and can handle the usual daily tensions and crises of living which may involve moments of fear, anxiety, distrust, depression

Mentally Ill

This person is frequently and severely worry-bound, and tends to exaggerate these same thoughts and feelings of fear, anger, anxiety, distrust and depression

What is Mental Health?
therapeutic recreation
Mental Illness

Can be temporary

Occurs most often n early adult and middle years

Does not necessarily interfere with strictly intellectual abilities

Often can be cured by counseling, medication, surgery

Mental Retardation

Is usually lifelong condition

Occurs at or near birth and almost always recognized by school age

Is characterized by impaired intellectual development

Treatment through therapy but not cured.

Therapeutic Recreation
mental illness

Environment (people, family, school, job)

Physical (body chemistry, head trauma)

Heredity (r. between heredity and environment is not clearly understood yet)


Anxiety (something unpleasant is going to happen

Depression ( persistent “blues’ leading to withdrawal from the outside world

Sudden change in mood or behavior

Physical Complaint (headaches, insomnia, pains

Poor performance vs. potential

Mental Illness
three common patterns
Three common Patterns
  • 1. Neurosis
  • (unreasonable fear and excessive tensions and anxieties by people in poor mental health)
  • symptoms:
  • 1. Anxieties that have no apparent cause about job, family, relationships accompanied by a feeling of hopelessness and helplessness
  • 2. Phobias (exaggerated fears about people, places or situations - closed space, high spaces, open spaces, etc.
  • 3. Compulsive (to do acts a certain way, If routines are upset, so is person)
  • 4. Physical complaints (persistent fatigue, loss of memory, temporary paralysis, headaches, nausea, diarrhea, etc.
common patterns
Common Patterns
  • 2. Character or personality problems
  • (Evidenced by defects of conscience, judgment, relationships. No particular psychosis or suffering and usually normal behavior, but can result in anti-social acts without sense of guilt.)
  • 3. Psychosis
  • (mental disorder more serious that neurosis. Person can usually function well in most aspects of the real world, usually not dangerous to others, but strange behavior drives other people may function quite will in community.
  • 1. Childhood autism (severe withdrawal)
  • 2. Schizophrenia (severe separation from reality)
  • 3. Manic depression (extreme shifts of mood
  • 4. Cerebral arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries of the brain)
  • 5. Involution (turning back - depressed over past lives or mistakes)
  • 6. Senile Psychosis(similar to arteriosclerosis)
classification of psychological disorders
Classification of Psychological Disorders
  • Emotional (anxiety, fear, apprehension
  • Social (Paranoia, passive-aggressive, anti-social)
  • Addition and substance abuse
  • Psychotic (affective or mood, schizophrenia, paranoid illusionary
  • Affective (manic depression, hyperactive
  • Childhood (eating,sleep,speech,turret, adhd,anxiety, behavior
  • Organic brain
  • How
  • 1. Psychotherapy (group, individual or psychoanalysis)
  • 2. Milieu therapy (environmental change)
  • 3. Medical treatment (drug therapy)
  • Who
  • 1. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, social worker, nurses, family therapists, pastors, occupational therapists, physical therapists, music, art and recreational therapists)
  • Where
  • Mental hospitals, private practice, mental health clinics, health centers, general hospitals