Laws of Motion and Energy

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# Laws of Motion and Energy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Laws of Motion and Energy. Chapter Six: Energy and Machines. 6.1 Energy and Conservation of Energy 6.2 Work and Power 6.3 Simple Machines. Investigation 6A. Energy Transformations on a Roller Coaster. Where does the marble move the fastest and why?. 6.1 Energy.

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## Laws of Motion and Energy

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Presentation Transcript
Chapter Six: Energy and Machines
• 6.1 Energy and Conservation of Energy
• 6.2 Work and Power
• 6.3 Simple Machines
Investigation 6A

Energy Transformations on a Roller Coaster

• Where does the marble move the fastest and why?
6.1 Energy
• Energyis a quantity that measures the ability to cause change in an object or system.

We get energy from the changes in food when it is digested and stored in the body.

6.1 Energy
• The unit of measurement for energy is the joule(J).
• One joule is the energy needed to push with a force of 1 newton over a distance of 1 meter.
6.1 Systems and variables
• A systemis a group of objects and the factors that affect these objects.
• In the car and ramp system color, light and friction were not included in the system.

What factors were included in the car and ramp system?

6.1 Systems and variables
• A factor that affects a system is called a variable.

Can you name these five variables?

6.1 Systems and variables
• You may change the system later to include new objects, effects, or variables such as friction.
6.1 Energy in systems
• Energyis a measure of a system’s ability to change or create change in other systems.
• Energy is an important variable in all systems.

The energy the car has due to height can be compared on a ramp.

6.1 Kinds of energy
• Energy appears in many forms, such as heat, motion, height, pressure, electricity, and chemical bonds between atoms.
• Energy can transfer from one form to another.
6.1 Law of conservation of energy
• The idea that energy converts from one form into another without a change in the total amount is called the law of conservation of energy.

A bow and arrow transform energy from the stretched bow to the motion of the arrow.

6.1 Energy transformation
• The marble and the track are a system.
• This system has two major kinds of energy called potential energyand kinetic energy.
6.1 Energy transformation
• Potential energyis energy due to position.
• When you lift the marble off the ground it gets potential energy because of its height.
6.1 Energy transformation
• As the marble moves down the track, it loses potential energy.
• Potential energy is converted into kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion.
6.1 Energy transformation
• The marble slows down as it goes uphill because kinetic energy is being changed back into potential energy.
6.1 Energy transformation
• Conservation of energy says the total energy stays the same as the marble moves up and down.
• The marble has the most kinetic energy when its speed is greatest.