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Chapter 4. Latin Prefixes. Part 1. AB-, A-, ABS-: “from,” “away,” “off” AB (“off”) + RUPT (“broken”) = ABRUPT (“broken off”, “sudden”) A (“away”) + VERT (“turn”) = AVERT (“turn away”) ABS (“from”) + TAIN (“hold”) = ABSTAIN (“hold from”; refrain”. 1. Abdicate .

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chapter 4

Chapter 4

Latin Prefixes

part 1
Part 1
  • AB-, A-, ABS-: “from,” “away,” “off”
    • AB (“off”) + RUPT (“broken”) = ABRUPT (“broken off”, “sudden”)
    • A (“away”) + VERT (“turn”) = AVERT (“turn away”)
    • ABS (“from”) + TAIN (“hold”) = ABSTAIN (“hold from”; refrain”
1 abdicate
1. Abdicate

Formally remove oneself from; give up; relinquish; renounce; resign

2 abduct
2. Abduct

Carry off or lead away by force; kidnap

3 abhor
3. Abhor

Shrink from; detest; loathe; hate

4 abnormal
4. Abnormal

Deviating from the normal; unusual; irregular

5 abrasion
5. Abrasion

Scraping or wearing away of the skin by friction; irritation

6 abrupt
6. Abrupt

Broken off; sudden; unexpected

7 abscond
7. Abscond

Steal off and hide; depart secretly; flee; escape

8 absolve
8. Absolve
  • Set free from some duty or responsibility; exempt; excuse
    • Ignorance of the law does not absolve a person from obeying it.
  • Declare free from guilt or blame; exculpate; exonerate
    • Of the three suspects, two were found guilty, and the third was absolved.
9 absorbing
9. Absorbing
  • Fully taking away from one’ attention; extremely interesting; engrossing
    • That was an absorbing book. It held my interest from beginning to end.
10 abstain
10. Abstain
  • Withhold oneself deliberately from doing something; refrain; desist
    • My dentist said I would have fewer cavities if I abstained from sweets.
11 averse
11. Averse
  • (literally, “turned from”) opposed; disinclined; unwilling
    • I am in favor of the dance, but I am averse to holding it on May 25.
12 avert
12. Avert
  • Turn away; ward off; prevent; forestall
    • The mayor tried to avert a strike by municipal employees.
13 avocation
13. Avocation
  • Occupation away from one’s customary occupation; hobby
    • My aunt, a pediatrician, composes music as an avocation.
part 2
Part 2
  • AD-: “to,” “toward,” “near”
14 adapt
14. Adapt
    • (literally, “fit to”) adjust; suit; fit
      • People who work at night have to adapt themselves to sleeping in the daytime.
  • Make suitable for a different use; modify
    • Lorraine Hansberry’s hit Broadway play, A Raisin in the Sun, was later adapted for the screen.
15 addicted
15. Addicted
  • Given over (to a habit); habituated; devoted
    • You will not become addicted to smoking if you refuse cigarettes when they are offered.
16 adequate
16. Adequate
  • Equal to, or sufficient for, a specific need; enough; sufficient
    • The student who arrived ten minutes late did not have adequate time to finish the test.
17 adherent
17. Adherent
  • One who sticks to a leader, party, etc.; follower; faithful supporter
    • You can count on Martha’s support in your campaign for reelection. She is one of your most loyal adherents.
18 adjacent
18. Adjacent
  • Lying near; nearby; neighboring; bordering
    • The island of Cuba is adjacent to Florida.
19 adjoin
19. Adjoin
  • Be next to; be in contact with; border; abut
    • Mexico adjoins the United States.
20 adjourn
20. Adjourn
  • Put off to another day; suspend a meeting to resume a future time; defer; recess
    • The judge adjourned the court to the following Monday.
21 advent
21. Advent
  • A “coming to”; arrival; approach
    • The weather bureau gave adequate warning of the advent of the hurricane.
22 adversary
22. Adversary
  • Person “turned toward” or facing another as an opponent; foe; antagonist
    • Before the contest began, the champion and her adversary shook hands.
23 adverse
23. Adverse
  • In opposition to one’s interests; hostile; unfavorable
    • Because of adverse reviews, the producer announced that the play will close with tonight’s performance.