Attention deficit disorders
1 / 11

Attention deficit disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Attention deficit disorders. With/Without hyperactivity Dr. Kersi Chavda. Fact:. This is one of the most common diagnosed and treated paediatric mental health problems, and is increasingly being diagnosed in adults as well

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Attention deficit disorders' - kamala

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Attention deficit disorders

Attention deficit disorders

With/Without hyperactivity

Dr. Kersi Chavda

Attention deficit disorders

  • This is one of the most common diagnosed and treated paediatric mental health problems, and is increasingly being diagnosed in adults as well

  • There is a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactive/impulsive behaviours that are developmentally inappropriate, chronic and interfere with normal function.

Attention deficit disorders

  • Some features should have been present before seven years of age

  • The ADHD features should have affected at least two domains of function>>>academic/functional/social/


  • They should have persisted for at least six months


Genetic: Heritability in ADHD is amongst the highest of psychiatric disorders

Neurological: Functional imaging suggests abnormality of the prefrontal cortex

Cathecholamine hypothesis: attributes ADHD to dysregulation of dopamine or norepinephrine in the CNS or PNS

Co morbidity

  • SLD(60%)

  • CD and ODD (40%)

  • Depression(15 to 32%)

  • Anxiety Disorder(25%)

  • High incidence of substance abuse

Clinical features
Clinical Features


might include poor attention to details, tendency to make careless mistakes , easy distractibility , difficulty in sustaining attention, poor listening, poor task completion disorganization, avoidance of tasks requiring sustained attention, tendency to lose things necessary for tasks, forgetfulness

Hyperactivity impulsive

Symptoms might include

Fidgetiness, inability to stay seated, running or climbing inappropriately, noisiness in play, seeming “on the go” or as if driven by a motor, excessive talkativeness, prematurely blurting out answers, inability to take turns, interrupting others


  • Predominantly Inattentive : with at least six inattentive symptoms

  • Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive :with at least six hyperactive/impulsive symptoms

  • Combined : with at least six symptoms from both categories


Hyperactive and impulsive symptoms may remit with maturity

Inattentive symptoms often persist

Adults with adhd
Adults with ADHD

  • Substantial impairments in multiple domains

  • Higher arrest rates, more marital problems, involved in more car accidents, academic and occupational underachievement

  • Substance abuse is very common