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The English Renaissance Period

The English Renaissance Period

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The English Renaissance Period

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  1. The English Renaissance Period 1428-1625

  2. 1485: Henry 7- 1st Tudor King • 1534: Act of Supremacy- church of England is established • 1549: Book of Common Prayer written • 1558: Elizabeth 1 becomes queen • 1564: Wm. Shakespeare is born • 1599: Globe Theater opens • 1603: Elizabeth 1 dies; James 1 becomes king • 1611: King James Bible published English Renaissance

  3. Henry VII : rebuilt nation’s treasury and established law and order • Henry VIII: split w/ the Catholic Church • Katharine of Aragon (Mary): divorced • Anne Boleyn (Elizabeth I): beheaded • Jane Seymour (Edward): died naturally • Anne of Cleves: divorced • Catherine Howard: beheaded • Katherine Parr: survived KH8 Important People

  4. The New World: The Renaissance’s thirst for knowledge prompted a burst of travel by sea • 1497: New Foundland- 1st British colony The Age of Exploration

  5. Questioning: The sense of growing nationalism prompted the Brits to question the authority of the RCC • Martin Luther: Nailed 95 Theses to the door: Protestant Reformation: Lutheranism • Act of Supremacy: King is in control of the Church of England Religion

  6. Henry VII • Henry VIII • Defied papal authority • Edward VI • English replaced Latin • Book of Common Prayer • Mary I “Bloody Mary” • Elizabeth I • Ablest monarch since William the Conqueror • Mary Stuart The Tudors

  7. King James I of England • Persecuted the Puritans Stuarts and Puritans

  8. Poetry: changed from narrative poetry to poetic forms (sonnets) • Elizabethan Drama • Tragedies • Dramas • Christopher Marlowe: 1st major dramatist, but he died early on • William Shakespeare • Elizabeth 1 and James 1 supported the arts, so it was a good time to be an artist. Literature

  9. Write the following phrases and fill in the blanks. • Neither a ____ or a ____ be. • All the world’s a _____. • With the bated _____. • Break the ______. • Come full _____. • Eaten me out of house and ______. • A foregone _______. • Laugh yourselves into ______. • Not ________ an inch. • Too much of a good ______. Shakespeare

  10. Time • Place • Action Classic Unitites

  11. Definitions • A drama that is serious and ends in an unhappy catastrophe • Essential Elements • Plot (Aristotle said was the most important) • Character (Shakespeare most important) • Thought/ Theme • Dialogue • Staging • Purposes: To excite fear/ compassion in viewer • Aristotle, the first drama critic, said measure for success of a tragedy is whether or not the viewer experiences catharsis Tragedy

  12. 1. Noble Stature 2. Great, but not perfect- must have a tragic flaw 3. Downfall results from a choice freely made 4. Hero’s punishment exceeds the crime 5. Tragic flaw is not fully lost. Hero learns something before the end, either about himself or about mankind Tragic Hero

  13. 1. Learns what he is or what he stands for 2. Tends to become his own antithesis (from loyal, noble, brave, kind, worthy thane to vicious, ruthless, uncaring murderer) 3. Recovers one or more of his good qualities Additional Characteristics of a Shakespearean Tragic Hero

  14. Hubris: insolence or arrogance resulting from excessive pride Hamartia: fatal flaw/ tragic flaw, frailty, or error Catharsis : a cleansing of emotions Terms

  15. Revenge • Domestic • Romantic • Political (fall of Princes) • Tragedy of Ambition Types of Tragedy (Shakespearean)

  16. 1. Divine- karma 2. Civil- law/ courts 3. Personal- revenge * Each of these will be present in Macbeth 3 Levels of Justice

  17. God • Angels • King/ Pope • Knights/ Noblemen • Peasants • Animals • Plants • Earth **** DISORDER***** The Elizabethans believed that if one tried to skip the pre-ordained place assigned to him/ her, then there would be natural disorder in the world. (ie in Macbeth, 2 horses eat each other after the death of the king) Elizabethan Great Chain of Being

  18. Uncontrolled/ excessive ambition • Appearance vs. Reality • Good vs. Evil • Natural Order Themes