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Advancing a L ow Carbon and Sustainable Water Economy. Water in a World of 7 Billion Session 4: Getting at the Water-Energy Nexus May 8-12, 2012. Eddy Isaacs, CEO Alberta Innovates - Energy & Environment Solutions (AI-EES). AI-EES Strategic Priorities . STRATEGIC AREAS PROGRAMS.

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advancing a l ow carbon and sustainable water economy

Advancing a Low Carbon and Sustainable Water Economy

Water in a World of 7 Billion

Session 4: Getting at the Water-Energy Nexus

May 8-12, 2012

Eddy Isaacs, CEO

Alberta Innovates - Energy & Environment Solutions (AI-EES)

ai ees strategic priorities
AI-EES Strategic Priorities

STRATEGIC AREAS PROGRAMS

  • Energy Technologies
  • HC Recovery & Processing
  • Clean Carbon & Coal
  • Unconventional Gas
  • Renewable Energy
  • Alternative Fuels
  • Renewable & Emerging Resources
  • Environmental Management
  • Carbon Capture & Storage
  • Oil Sands Tailings
  • Enhanced Ecology
  • Water Security - Risk and Safety
  • Watershed & Ecosystem
  • Efficiency of Water Use
  • Water Resources
slide3

Cross-Cutting Water Initiatives in AI-EES ...

  • Regional water quantity & quality issues in the oil sands region
  • Development of standards for return of water to the environment
  • Wetlands as a feature of reclamation activities
  • Regional water management & sharing opportunities
  • Alternate uses of produced water, integration with new economic opportunities
  • Water use & opportunities related to renewable energy & emerging fuels
energy and water nexus in the alberta context
Energy and Water Nexus in the Alberta Context
  • Water for Energy
    • How much water consumption is for electricity?
    • How much water consumption is for fuels?
    • What reductions are possible?
    • Energy for Water
    • How much energy consumption is for water treatment?
    • What reductions are possible?
water consumption for electricity
Water Consumption for Electricity

Open-loop

Closed-loop

Sources: EPRI, USDOE and Argonne National Lab

what about carbon capture

IGCC

NGCC

PC-Sub

PC-Super

No Capture

With Capture

What about Carbon Capture
  • 40 – 80% increase in water consumption
  • Example, high rank coals

120

80

Levelized Cost of

Electricity (mills/kWh)

40

0

IGCC

NGCC

PC-Sub

PC-Super

No Capture

Source: USDOE/NETL Report, “Cost & Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants, May 2007”

water consumption for fuel
Water Consumption for Fuel

Source: Argonne National Lab, 2011

water consumption per unit energy and water use for fuel extraction processing
Water Consumption per unit Energy and Water Use for Fuel Extraction & processing

Source: Report to Congress on the Interdependency of Energy & Water, USDOE, 2006

advanced oil sands technologies to decrease ghg emissions and water use
Advanced Oil Sands Technologies to Decrease GHG Emissions and Water Use

CCS

Non-aqueous

Extraction

Electrical heating

Current

5 - 10 years

Energy Efficiency

refining, mining

Steam-solvent

10 - 20 years

Energy Efficiency

SAGD, CSS

Combustion

Surface Minning

Best-in-classSAGD

Decreasing GHG Emissions

SAGD, CSS

Decrease Fresh water Use

examples of reduced energy and reduced water recovery processes
Examples of Reduced Energy and Reduced Water Recovery Processes
  • Solvent Processes
    • VAPEX
    • Thermal Solvent Processes
  • Steam Solvent Processes
    • SAP
    • ES-SAGD
    • LASER

Challenges: Depth, Reservoir Quality, Solvent Losses, Cost & Availability

future electrical processes
Future Electrical Processes
  • Electrical Processes
    • Transfer of electrons between wells in situ
    • EM field development, energy transfer and viscosity reduction
    • Oil displacement & gravity drainage to production well
      • ET-DSP
      • ETI/ECP (GE Tech)
      • Siemens
      • Harris

Challenges: Electricity source & cost, land disturbance, process efficiency

energy and water nexus in the alberta context1
Energy and Water Nexus in the Alberta Context
  • Water for Energy
    • How much water consumption is for electricity?
    • How much water consumption is for fuels?
    • What reductions are possible?
    • Energy for Water
    • How much energy consumption is for water treatment?
    • What reductions are possible?
impact of increased water recycle on ghg emissions
Impact of Increased Water Recycle on GHG Emissions
  • AI-EES Study:
  • Assess impact of water recycling on energy use, waste generation
  • Find “sweet” spots between water recycling & energy
  • New technology opportunities

*zero liquid discharge

9 companies , ADOE, AENV, ERCB

commercially proven methods to treat produced water from a thermal in situ production facility
Commercially Proven Methods to Treat Produced Water from a Thermal in-situ Production Facility

Warm Lime Softening

Produced Water Evaporation

minimize water use water recycling
Minimize Water Use: Water Recycling
  • Reduce fresh water use
  • Use saline water as make-up
  • Trade-off between energy and water: need new technologies
what about membranes
What About Membranes?

Key Issue: Deoiling efficiency

positioning alberta for the future in energy and environment annual report 2010 2011 www ai ees ca
Positioning Alberta for the Future in Energy and EnvironmentAnnual Report 2010-2011www.AI-EES.CA
technology deployment roadmap action plan for end to end solutions for oil sands tailings
Technology Deployment Roadmap & Action Plan for “End-To-End” Solutions for Oil Sands Tailings
  • Supports Alberta Environment Tailings Management Framework
  • Industry partners: Syncrude, Suncor, Shell, CNRL, IOL, Total and Teck
  • Accelerate technology deployment
  • Information sharing