Evidence-based health care
1 / 23

Project team and funding - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Evidence-based health care from the consumer’s point of view Presented by: Kristin L. Carman, Ph.D. Presented to: Academy for Health Services Research Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, June 2007. Project team and funding. American Institutes for Research Kristin L. Carman, PhD, Project Director

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Project team and funding' - kalyca

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Evidence-based health care from the consumer’s point of viewPresented by:Kristin L. Carman, Ph.D.Presented to:Academy for Health Services Research Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, June 2007

Project team and funding
Project team and funding

  • American Institutes for Research

    • Kristin L. Carman, PhD, Project Director

    • Pamela Dardess

    • Christine Whitmore, PhD

    • Carolyn Vance

  • McGee & Evers Consulting, Inc.

    • Jeanne McGee, PhD

    • Mark Evers, PhD

  • Funding

    • California Health Care Foundation

Purpose of our project
Purpose of our project

  • To develop a Communication Toolkit – “Explaining evidence-based health care to your workforce”

  • To build the Toolkit, assess and understand:

    • What are employers and unions doing to communicate on this topic

    • What are desired topics and components of the Toolkit

    • What are consumers’ understanding of different components of EBHC

Methods and data
Methods and data

  • Environmental scan

    • Literature review

    • Review of websites

    • 10 phone interviews with experts

  • 15 Key stakeholder interviews with information intermediaries representing unions and employees

  • 4 Focus groups (2 union groups, 2 non-union groups)

  • Cognitive Interviews (Round 1 completed)

  • Future activities include:

    • 4 additional rounds of cognitive testing of materials

    • Survey of consumer attitudes about evidence-based concepts (sponsored by the NBGH)

Findings to date five themes
Findings to date – five themes

  • Comprehension

  • Relevance

  • Overload

  • Trust

  • Discomfort

THEME # 1 - Comprehension

Consumers struggle to figure out what is meant by “evidence-based medicine”

Who decides what is “good” evidence?

Where does evidence come from?

Who decides when and how guidelines should be applied?

What are “guidelines” or “best practices”?

Reactions we got from consumers
Reactions we got from consumers

  • “it’s nothing new”

  • [evidence?] “my doctor tries different things on me until he finds what works.”

  • “it could be harmful”

  • “it could be biased”

  • “it sounds like ‘one size fits all’ and that could get in the way of medical judgment”

It s often counter intuitive
It’s often counter-intuitive

  • When people believe that “more care is “better care,” or that it’s hard to accept any evidence that says otherwise

  • When people believe that “good quality costs more,” it’s hard to accept evidence that good quality can sometimes cost less

  • When people believe they are unique, it’s hard to accept uniform standards for care

THEME # 2 – Relevance

Consumers may question what evidence-based medicine means for them personally

Reactions we heard from consumers
Reactions we heard from consumers

  • People tend to trust their own judgment about “quality” of medical care

  • Even when they acknowledge possible problems with quality, they think their doctor or care is great

  • When medical evidence or guidelines are invoked, some think it second guesses their doctor’s good judgment

THEME # 3 - Trust

Consumers tend to be suspicious of employer’s motives in moving toward evidence-based approaches

Basic lack of understanding
Basic lack of understanding

  • Consumers lack awareness and knowledge of how employers and insurance companies are involved in benefit design and the financial side of health care

  • It’s hard for consumers to appreciate the broader context that impels changes

Distress about rising costs and changes to health care benefits
Distress about rising costs and changes to health care benefits

  • Consumers are distressed and distrustful, especially when cutbacks in benefits are coupled with higher costs

  • Consumers get frustrated about new layers of control over what kinds of care are covered, how and where they can get care, and what they have to pay

  • Consumers often feel that employers are more concerned with the bottom line than with employees’ health

With evidence based changes to benefits design distrust can be worse
With evidence-based changes to benefits design, distrust can be worse

  • Hard for consumers to understand how employers might use medical evidence to guide changes to benefits and how the changes might be helpful to consumers

  • Consumers may feel that their employer is getting into an area where they don’t belong

The irony trying to empower consumers can have the opposite effect
The irony: be worse trying to empower consumers can have the opposite effect

  • Frustration that employers are making changes, taking away options, and shifting responsibility to employees

  • Rather than feeling more empowered about their health, consumers can feel that they are losing control

THEME # 4 – Discomfort be worse

Being urged to be better informed and more assertive about their health care puts pressure on consumers

It s hard to challenge the traditional doctor patient relationship
It’s hard to challenge the traditional doctor-patient relationship

  • Patients are used to relying heavily on their doctors and they can feel vulnerable

  • It can be hard to ask questions, let alone challenge what the doctor advises

  • Knowing that quality of care can vary a lot is not welcome news if patients feel unable or unwilling to act upon it

THEME # 5 - Overload relationship

Consumers already feel overwhelmed with information and short on time.

Needing to understand and deal with medical evidence adds to the overload.

For more information contact
For more information, contact: relationship

Kristin L. Carman, PhD

Principal Research Scientist

American Institutes for Research

1050 Thomas Jefferson St., NW

Washington, DC 20007


[email protected]