Part 4 The Primary Mandate – Disciple Nations • Session 4.17 The GREAT CO-Mission - Overview • Session 4.18 Christ Announces His Reign • Session 4.19 Reawakening the Cultural Mandate in the Great Commission • Session 4.20 The Task Is for All Christians – Where They Are Deployed • Session 4.21 The Primary Task – Make Disciples of All Nations!
Begins In Genesis In a garden With a wedding With royal vice regents with a mandate to create culture Ends In Revelation In a city With a wedding With royal vice regents of the earth bringing the fruit of the mandate to Christ on his wedding day The Biblical Narrative
REDEMPTION CONSUMMATION: Christ’s Return CREATION: In the Beginning FALL Before the Beginning Eternity Future Breadth Flow of HIStoryThe Redemption Narrative
Narrative About Humankind’sPurpose on Earth • The Creation – The First Mandate: The Cultural Commission • The Fall and the Distortion of Culture • The Consummation – The End to which all History Moves • Redemption – The Second Mandate: The Great Commission
CREATION The First Mandate: The Cultural Commission
Outline • Creation Is Good • Man the imago Dei – Royal Vice Regents • Man the Culture Maker • The First Mandate • The Nature of Culture
The Beginning of Creation In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. Genesis 1: 1-2
Shaping the Raw Materials • Inanimate objects – Genesis 1:3-10, 14-19 • Animate objects • Plants – Genesis 1: 12-13 • Animals – Genesis 1: 20-25 • Imago Dei – Genesis 1: 26-27
The Artist’s Critique • It is “good”- goodness, precious, beautiful • Genesis 1: 4,10,12,18, 21, 25 • It is “so” – well, right, correct • Genesis 1: 7,9,11,15, 24, 30 • It was very good – exceedingly good • Genesis 1: 31
Oikos – God’s House • God had finished his work of creation • It was perfect and filled with potential • But it was not complete! • It was waiting for the Vice-Regents to: • Steward the house – oikonomia • Discover its potential • Create music, art, poetry, dance, etc.
Imago Dei The Image of God
The Trinitarian Model Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule….” Genesis 1: 26
Imago Dei: Three Facets • Has: describes the structural view that man has an image that is “like God.” • Is:describes the relational view that man is“community.” • Does: describes the functional view of what man does - stewards creation.
Adam is “like God” • Being human is to be God-like and different from the rest of creation • Communicable (shared) attributes of God • Mind – Attributes of Intellect • Heart – Moral Attributes • Will – Attributes of Purpose
The Relational View – Community • The Social View • The Divine Community created the human community • Required for the Societal Mandate (Genesis 1: 28)
The Family • The Trinitarian family: Father, Son and Holy Spirit • The human family: Father, Mother, Child(ren)
The Functional View • Adam: female and male are stewards of creation • The developmental view • Related to the second part of the Creation Mandate to “… fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over ….” (Genesis 1: 28) • Humankind was made for a function or purpose.
A Shared Purpose • The Imago Dei: male and female have the co-responsibility for stewarding creation • They have a common origin and a common destiny: • Co-create – Pro-create • Co-rule – Vice-Regents • Co-steward – Developmental Mandate
Mankind’s Purpose “For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.” Habakkuk 2: 14
Royal Vice-Regents • Men and women are to function as the kings and queens of creation. • They are God’s vice-regents, created to rule in his stead.
Imago DeiA Summary We have been made “like God” (Structural View) to fulfill the Creation Mandate by filling the earth with Community (Relational View) in order to fulfill God’s purpose to develop the earth/create culture (Functional View).
Man The Culture Maker
God’s Purpose for ManPsalm 8: 3-8 3 When I consider your heavens, The work of your fingers, The moon and the stars, Which you have set in place, 4 What is man that you are mindful of him, The son of man that you care for him? 5 You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings and crowned him with glory and honor.
God’s Purpose for ManPsalm 8: 3-8 6 You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet: 7 All flocks and herds, and the beasts of the field, 8 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, all that swim the paths of the seas.
The Cultural Mandate God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” Genesis 1: 28
Two Subordinating Principles • Societal Mandate Genesis 1: 28 “be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth” • Developmental Mandate Genesis 1: 26, 28 “…and let them rule… subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea…”
Two Ways of Stewardship - # 1Genesis 2: 15 “The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.” • With his physical nature he is to tend and work the soil.
Two Ways of Stewardship - # 2Genesis 2: 19-20 19 Now the LORD God had formed out of the ground all the beasts of the field and all the birds of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds of the air and all the beasts of the field. But for Adam no suitable helper was found. • With his mind and reason he is to name the animals.
God Blessed Them • Bless: To endue with power for success, prosperity, or fruitfulness. • God has equipped us for the task (with) • Internal Capital • External Capital • Question: What are examples of Internal and External Capital?
Special Notes The Cultural Mandate: • requires both kings and queens • balances between • “working” – progressing; and • “tending” – conserving the garden
The Imbalance • Materialist’s Tendency: to the rape of nature – works without tending - no conserving • Animist’s Tendency: to the underdevelopment of nature – tends without working - no progressing
The Purpose of the Royal Vice-Regents • Steward God’s house • To create culture: cultivate the soil and soul • Fill the earth with the knowledge of God • Create bounty and godly culture • Prepare unique cultural gifts for Christ at the end of history.
The Nature of Culture:A Family of Words • Culture: the act of tilling and preparing the earth for crops; the means to improve good qualities or growth; the culture of the mind; the culture of virtue. • Cultivate: to till or to dwell (the root of the word culture). • Cult: the worship, adoration or veneration of a god. The principle: “Culture is the manifestation of worship!”
FALL The Distortion of Culture
Outline • The New Reality • A Family of Words • Three Elements of Culture • Two Prayers of a Fallen and Deformed World
The New Reality • Read • Set # 1: Genesis 6: 5-6; Romans 3: 23 • Set # 2: Genesis 3: 16-18; Romans 8: 19-22 • Set # 3: Prov. 16: 11; Is 58: 6; Ez 22: 29; Micah 2: 2 • Question: What form of evil is described?
Form – Family of Words • Genesis 1: 2 - World is unformed • Genesis 1: 3- 31 - Spirit of God – forming creation • Romans 1: 18-31 - Man’s rebellion leads to deforming • Romans 12: 1-2 - Transformation of mind and life • Philippians 2: 1-8 - Conformation to Christ
Two Prayers for a Fallen and Deformed World • Read • 2 Chronicles 7: 14 • Matthew 6: 5-14 • Question: What is the focus of these two prayers?
Consummation The End to Which All History Moves
Outline • Telos – The End of the Story • The Ingathering of the Nations • The Revealing of the Glory of the Nations • Our Strategy Is with the End in Mind!
Telos the End of the Story • Group # 1 • Read Genesis 12: 1-4 • Questions: What is the nature of Abraham’s call? What did this call cost him? • Group # 2 • Read Hebrews 11: 8-10, 13-16 • Questions: What was Abraham looking for? What is the backdrop of our lives?
Telo – The Root • Meaning: “to set out for a definite point or goal.” • From the beginning – Royal Vice Regents to create culture – Genesis 1: 26-27 • In the end – the fullness of the kingdom and the Royal Vice Regents bringing the godly fruit of their nation’s culture into the kingdom – Revelation 21: 23-26
Telos - Eschatological End • “The End” – of the story, the consummation of history and culture • Read Genesis 12: 3-4; Habakkuk 2: 14; Rev. 19: 6-9; 21: 1-4; Is. 60: 1-3; Rev. 21: 21-2 • Describe in your own words the images of the end of history! • Question: Is the end marked only by a spiritual state?
Telios – Anthropological End • Read Lev. 19: 2; Ephesians 4: 11-13 ; Col. 1: 28; James 1: 2-4 • Questions: • What is the end of our sanctification? • In your own words, how else would you describe what your life would look like in its fullness?
The Ingathering of the Nations • Read • 1 Chronicles 16: 24-28 • Palm 67: 1-4 • Psalm 99: 1-4 • Revelation 15: 3-4 • Describe in your own words the ingathering of the nations!