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TAIEX INFRA 30117 Valencia, 12-13 June 2008 PowerPoint Presentation
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TAIEX INFRA 30117 Valencia, 12-13 June 2008

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  1. Implementation of EU legislation on ELVs in Romania, with references to Region 1 North-EastMihaela AMBĂRUŞSenior AdvisorREPA Bacău TAIEX INFRA 30117Valencia, 12-13 June 2008 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  2. Geografical Facts (2005) Surface: 238 391 km2 Counties: 42 Inhabitants: 21 623 849 Municipalities: 2170 (319 towns) Surface: 36 850 km2(15,5%) Counties: 6 Inhabitants: 3 734 546 (17,3%) Municipalities: 551 (46 towns) MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  3. Romanian Legislation GD 2406/2004 regarding the ELVs management, modified by GD 1313/2006 Directive 2000/53/CE on end-of-life vehicles Common Ministerial Order of MEWM and MEC 88/110/2005 regarding thematerials and components of ELVs, which are and exception to art 4, paragraph 1of GD 2406/2004 amended by: • Commission Decision 2002/525/EC • Commission Decision 2005/63/EC • Commission Decision 2005/438/EC • Council Decision 2005/673/EC • Directive 2008/33/CE Ministerial Order of MEWM 1224/2005 approving theprocedure andconditions for authorization of legal entities for taking over the responsibilityregarding the fulfillment of the annual objectives for reuse, recycling and energy recovery of ELVs Ministerial Order of MEWM 816/2006 for the setting-up of the Commissionfor the evaluation and permitting of juridical entities,regarding thetaking over of the responsibilities regarding the annual objectives for reuse, recycling and energy recovery of ELVs Common Ministerial Order of MEWM, MAIA and MTCT 87/527/411/2005regarding the certificate of destruction template and the issuance conditions forthe ELVs Council Decision 2002/151/EC MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  4. Responsible • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MESD), together with: • Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), • Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform (MIAR), • Ministry of Transport (MT) are responsible jointly for the transposition of the Directive into national measures and the development of an ELV management and control system MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  5. Environmental Authorities-roles MESD Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development coordination coordination EFA Environmental Fund Administration National Institute of Research and Development for Environmental Protection-ICIM • 2004 MESD drafted the Implementation Plan of the ELV Directive • transposal of EU requirements in Romanian legislation, startegies and policies • Annual report to EC about the percentage of accomplishment of re-use, recycle and recovery objectives. • Every 3 year, sending to EC a report about the possible changes in the sectors of trade, treatment of ELVs that might affect competition in and between MS. finances: • projects for treament of ELVs put on the market by individual producers or producers who doesn‘t exist anymore • annual programmes for renewing the national car fleet • projects regarding the purchase of compliant technologies • first inventory of the collectors and the dismantlers • studies at MESD request subordinaton NEG National Environmental Guard Controls the activities with environmental impact and aplies penalties subordinaton subordinaton NEPA National Environmental Protection Agency • implementing the legislation • issuing permits for the organizations for take over responsability • monitoring the objectives and reporting to MESD • collecting data • creating national data bases 42 EPAs Environmental Protection Agencies 8REPAs Regional Environmental Protection Agencies • issuing permits for collectors, dismantlers, treatment facilities • monitoring the objectives • collecting data • issuing permits for treatment facilities under IPPC Directive. • collecting data • creating regional data bases coordination colaboration MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  6. Objectives: The objectives can be fulfilled: Individual, by each producer Transfering the responsability to an organization authorised by National Environmental Protection Agency (until now, no application received) MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  7. Obligations Producers and importers (for new or second hand cars): Designing phase: - prevent waste generation; - restrict the use of hazardous substances; - consider the possibilities of dismantling, re-using and recovery of materials and components. Production phase: - promote the use of recycled materials - exclude the materials containing Pb, Hg, Cd, hexavalent Cr. Collecting phase: Establish a collection system – 1 collection point in each county, 1 in every town over 100,000 inhabitants and 3 in Bucharest • Components of recycled plastic • Recyclable plastics MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  8. Obligations Collectors/dismantlers: • accept used vehicles without any costs • issue the Certificate of destruction • depollute operations • separate temporary storage of recyclable waste • keep the evidence of waste categories • report annually, until 15th of March, to EPA Owner/holder: • bring the vehicles to an authorised collector • get a de-registration form MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  9. Permits required MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  10. Some requirements for collectors • fence • concrete platform • waste water treatment equipments • adequate capacity of fire fighting equipment • Operation Register (number of ELVs collected) MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  11. Some requirements for dismantlers • fence • impermeable concrete platform • waste water treatment equipments • adequate capacity of fire fighting equipment • Operation Register (ELVs number and identification data, depolluting steps, waste management: reuse, recovery, disposal) MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  12. Collector/ dismantler Owner/ holder • vehicle‘s documents • owner identy papers • application form for de-registration Certificate of distruction Steps to be taken De-registration MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  13. Certificate of distruction Dismantler/schreder Collector Owner/holder Vehicle identification data MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  14. Management of abandoned vehicles Law 421/2002 modified by Law 309/2006 Municipality and Police: Minute of finding a vehicle after 30 days of research Mayor disposition: The vehicle is declared abandoned or without owner Vehicles without owner Abandoned vehicles Owner identified The owner is summoned to take back the vehicle from the public domain within 5 days The municipality publishes an announcement in a local newspaper within 5 days Restitution of the vehicle Owner is not identified within 30 days does‘t respond within 10 days Vehicle is declared property of the municipality sent to a treatment facility sold MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  15. Treatment phases Depollution: removal of batteries, filters, catalysts, cooling fluids, brake fluids, oil, fuel, components with Hg (~3%) Dismantling: removal of valuable components,motors, tires, carburettors, plastics, glass Schreding: metal parts Recycling Recovery Disposal: residues (15-25% vehicle mass) MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  16. Romania-current situation In order to fulfil the requirements of the EU Directive 2000/53/EC by the required deadlines, several actions (institutional and operational) were realised: • in 2004, former MEWM (MMDD), prepared an implementation plan for this Directive, establishing objectives and measures. • since 2004, several legislative acts were approved. • preparations activities for the first report to European Commission regarding the meeting of targets. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  17. Romania-current situation • According to the implementation plan, in 2003 there were: - 1.8 mil vehicles produced by Dacia (400,000 over 20 years old) - 100,000 vehicles produced by Daewoo (max 8 years old) - 100,000 vehicles produced by ARO (over 20 years old) for 1990-2003: -120,000 new vehicles imported - 844,000 second-hand vehicles imported (mainly OPEL and Volkswagen) In 2007: around 40 brands were on the Romanian market. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  18. The total car fleet of recorded vehicles of the M1 and N1 class increases rapidly: 2006 – 4,104,835 unit 2007 – 4,501,266 units Romania/Reg. 1NE-current situation MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  19. Repartition of dismantlers Relatively uniform MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  20. Region 1 NE – ELVs collected MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  21. Environmental Fund • Public fund created onthe bases of the European principles "polluter pays" and "producer's responsibility“ to support the most important projects on environmental protection. • its incomes are from contributions collected for industrial activities with impact on the environment and from pollution tax, paid at the first registration of a vehicle. Finances the collection and treatment of ELVs introduced on the Romanian market by individual producers or producers who doesn’t exist anymore, ifthe value of spare parts and of the recyclable materials doesn’t cover the cost. Since 2005 - Programmes for Renewal of National Car Fleet: EFA  grantof 3000 RON for a vehicle older than 12 years, registered in Romania MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  22. How to get in the program ? The applicants (only citizens) must: • get an Acceptance Note from an agreed dealer; • get the Certificate of Destruction for the ELV sent to an authorised collector/dismantler, based on Acceptance Note; • de-register the old vehicle; • buy a new vehicle. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  23. Reporting obligation (Ministerial Order 625/2007) Starting with 2007. For 2006, voluntary reporting. Methods: • Weighing, calculation based on subtraction method: mass of reused materials =mass of vehicle – (mass of liquids from depollution + mass of componentssent to recycling or recovery + mass of materials sent to landfill). • Estimation of metal content,which is considered 75% of medium mass of an empty ELV and: • reuse of non-metal components – 3% • recycle of liquids – 0.7% • recovery of liquids – 1% • recycle of tires – 1.2% • recovery of tires – 2.4% • recycle of glass – 1.4% MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  24. Main problems • difficulties in setting up of individual or collective systems for the collection of ELV, evenly distributed in the territory; • the compliance with the restrictions in the use of heavy metals; • meeting the targets; • lack of treatment units; • difficulties in the development of technologies for the recycling/recovery of plastics and fluids from ELVs; • due to the fact that most of ELVs in Romania are 25-30 year old, the reuse of the spear parts is not a real option; • 5% of car fleet are orphan vehicles (source RAR); • imported vehicles: 7 second-hand vehicles to 1 new vehicle; • inexistence of an organization for taking over the responsibility regarding the fulfillment of the annual targets. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  25. Waste Management Plans 2004 – approval of National Strategy and National Waste management Plan (no references to ELVs) 2006 – Regional Waste Management Plans with a special chapter for ELVs, containing the description of the current situation (number of vehicles collected and treated,identification of the existing capacities: for collecting and treatment of ELVs, for recycling, reusing, recovery and disposal of waste generated) and objectives. 2008 – County Waste Management Plans MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU

  26. Contact details Mihaela AMBĂRUŞ management.deseuri@arpmbc.ro MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY BACĂU