Welcome to Ireland,The Emerald Isle ! • The island of Ireland is made up of 2 countries: The Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland. • Until 1922, there was only one country, called Ireland. • Today, Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom • Called the Emerald Isle because it is so green.
Population • The Republic of Ireland has 4.3 million people. • Northern Ireland has 1.6 million people • The most densely populated area is Dublin. • 20% of Irishmen live in or near Dublin.
Wildlife • Only 31 types of animals live in Ireland • There are 400 types of birds • No snakes live on the Island, and there only only 3 amphibians • Many fish live on the island because of the many lakes and rivers • Don’t forget about the Loch Ness Monster! Red Deer Killarney National Park, County Kerry, Munster
The Land and Climate • There are 3,218 km. of coastland • Mountains, rivers, lakes, plains, forests, bogs and rocks are all apart of the island • All forms of weather are found here, but most popular: rain. • Average Temperatures: • January 6 C • July 17 C The Mountains of County Kerry
Government • The capital is in Dublin • The President is Mary McAleese • There are 4 Provinces: Munster, Leinster, Connacht and Ulster • Within these Provinces are many different counties. All together, there are 26 counties in Ireland and 6 in Northern Ireland.
Munster Province • Munster and it’s 7 counties are the most popular places in Ireland for tourists to visit. • Cities are Cork, Waterford, Killarney, Tipperary and Limerick • Munster is in the southwestern corner of the island and the sea is the most important part of life there. Dingle Peninsula, County Kerry, Munster, Ireland
Waterford • Founded by Vikings in 854 • Population: 49,250 • Famous for its excellent and expensive crystal, Waterford Crystal ! Scotch Quay, Waterford
Waterford Pictures A View from the 3 Quays Catherdral of the Most Holy Trinity Barronstrand Street, Waterford Waterford’s Coat of Arms:Urbs Intacta Manet Waterfordia
Cork • Cork was officially founded by England’s King John in 1185, but it was there nearly 600 years before. • It is the 2nd Largest city in Ireland. Nearly 380,000 people live in the area. • The city and county of Cork are known as ‘Rebels’ and are very proud of being independent.
More of Cork Shandon Bells University-Cork St. Finn Barre’s Cathedral Cork Courthouse
The Blarney Stone • In County Cork, 8km from Cork • Is a piece of bluestone in the walls of Blarney Castle • If you kiss it, you will be able to speak eloquently
Counties Limerick & Kerry The Limerick Countryside St. John’s Cathedral, Limerick Ross Castle, Kerry
Christ’s Saddle, County Kerry, Munster Counties Kerry & Limerick St. John’s Castle, Limerick
Leinster Province • The largest province in Ireland • Also has the most people • Is made up of 11 counties, including the city of Dublin. • Was the center of the ancient Irish kings. Trim Castle, Built by the French County Meath, Leinster
Dublin - Ireland’s Capital • Dublin is Ireland’s largest city, with 1.6 million people. • Dublin was founded in 837 by Vikings. • It is located on the Liffey River. • It has been the capital city of Ireland for nearly 900 years. • Is the home of Guinness Beer The Half-Penny Bridge Dublin
Sights of Dublin
The Hill of Tara County Meath, Leinster • Legend says that when a new king was chosen, he had to complete some challenges. If he had finished them, the stone would scream at his touch. • Tara is the ancient home • of the High Kings of • Ireland. • Means ‘Hill of the Kings’
Connacht Province • Connacht was the poorest province in Ireland for many years. • Because of bad farming conditions, it also has the smallest population. • Many people think of Connacht as the ‘Most Irish’ part of Ireland. • Poet John Butler Yeats is from Sligo City, Connacht. Stone Age Passage Tombs Carrowmore, City Sligo, Connacht
Galway City • Located on the western coast on the Galway River and Galway Bay • Was once an important place for trade in wine Galway Harbor
Sligo City, County Sligo Dominican Abbey
County Mayo Connacht • Located on the western coast. • It is a rocky and mountainous place with many lakes. • Because of the rocks and wild weather, few people live here.
Ulster Province • Most of Ulster is in N.Ireland, but 1/3 remains in Ireland. • The three counties of Donegal, Cavan and Leitrim are part of Ireland. • Most of the historical fighting between Catholics and Protestants took place here. Glenveagh, County Donegal, Ulster
County Donegal • Donegal is well known for being different. • Their styles of music, dance and language are much different from the rest of Ireland. • Music is popular here. Clannad, Enya, Moya Brennan, Rory Gallagher and Altan are all from Donegal. • Well-known for its wonderful surfing and rock-climbing. Errigal Mountain County Donegal, Ulster
Northern Ireland • Since 1922, Northern Ireland has been a part of the United Kingdom. • For many years, N.Ireland was dangerous as Catholics fought Protestants • The capital is Belfast • Ireland’s biggest lake, Lough Neagh, is here. The Giant’s Causeway County Antrim, Northern Ireland
Derry/ Londonderry • The town has two names: one for those who like England, and one for those who don’t. • Derry is one of the only cities in the world that is still closed by Medieval walls Shipquay Street, Derry, Country Derry, N.Ireland
Culture • Irish Pubs are in Ireland and over 100 other countries. • The sea is one of the most important parts of Irish culture. You can always hear it, see it, smell it. It makes the weather and dictates the economy. • Irish dance is popular all over the world. Riverdance, a popular Broadway show, is based on Irish dance.
Sport in Ireland • Croke Park, home of the Gaelic Athletic Association • Here, they play Gaelic Rules Football, Hurling and International Football • 82,500 people can sit in this stadium
Golf Ireland’s Most Popular Sports Hurling Rugby