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POLS 125. Political Parties & Elections. What do these terms mean?. Lib-er-al [lib-er-uh l] : Open-minded or tolerant, especially free and not bound by traditional or conventional ideas, values, etc.

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pols 125

POLS 125

Political Parties & Elections

what do these terms mean
What do these terms mean?
  • Lib-er-al[lib-er-uh l] : Open-minded or tolerant, especially free and not bound by traditional or conventional ideas, values, etc.
  • Con-serv-a-tive[kuh n-sur-vuh-tiv] : Disposed to preserve existing conditions, and institutions, or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change.
political ideology
Political Ideology

A Working Definition

  • LIBERALISM: A belief in the positive uses of government to bring about justice and equality of opportunity.
  • CONSERVATISM: A belief that limited government ensures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity.

LIBERAL

MODERATE

CONSERVATIVE

Is a single dimension really adequate?

slide5

Government Control

Social and political conservatives favor broad government regulation of individual behavior

CONSERVATIVE

STATIST

SOCIAL POLICY

CENTRIST

LIBERAL

LIBERTARIAN

Social and political liberals favor limited government regulation of individual behavior

Government Control

Freedom

ECONOMIC POLICY

Economic conservatives favor fiscal responsibility and limited government involvement in economic policymaking and regulation of business

Economic liberals favor spending and broad government involvement in economic policymaking and regulation of business

a primer on party factions
A Primer on Party Factions

The Democratic Party

  • “New Democrats” – Centrists who take liberal positions on social issues, and conservative positions on economic issues, organized as members of the Democratic Leadership Council (e.g., Bill Clinton)
  • “Blue Dog Democrats” – Choked “blue” by the party’s more liberal leadership, a group that pushes an agenda of social conservatism and fiscal responsibility
  • “Boll Weevils” – 1980s term for socially conservative southern Democrats
  • “Dixiecrats” – 1950s term for socially conservative southern Democrats
  • “DINOs” – Democrats-in-name-only (e.g., Zell Miller, Joe Lieberman)
  • “Progressives” – Preferred term for those who find the “L-word” (liberal) pejorative
slide7

A Primer on Party Factions

The Republican Party

  • “Rockefeller Republicans” – 1970s term for those who were socially liberal, pro-business, and conservative on foreign policy, willing to raise taxes instead of running deficits. The social conservatism of the Reagan Revolution pushed them to the left edges of the party
  • “The Mod Squad” – Group of moderate, socially liberal U.S. Senators (e.g., Lincoln Chafee, Susan Collins, Olympia Snowe, etc.)
  • “Gypsy Moths” – Republican moderates from the North East and Midwest, 1980s
  • “Log Cabin Republicans” – Gay, lesbian, and bisexual supporters of the Republican Party
  • “Neo-Cons” – Big government conservatives, foreign policy hawks (e.g., Paul Wolfowitz)
  • “Pro-Cons” – a.k.a. “Progressive Conservatives,” fiscal conservatives, social moderates, foreign policy eagles (not hawks)
  • “RINOs” – Republicans-in-name-only (e.g., John McCain, Arlen Specter)
slide8

Government Control

FOREIGN POLICY?

Social and political conservatives favor broad government regulation of individual behavior

Republican Party

G.W. Bush?

“Pro-Cons”

“Mod Squad”

SOCIAL POLICY

“Blue Dog” Democrats

DLC

Democratic Party

Bill Clinton

Social and political liberals favor limited government regulation of individual behavior

Government Control

Freedom

ECONOMIC POLICY

Economic conservatives favor fiscal responsibility and limited government involvement in economic policymaking and regulation of business

Economic liberals favor spending and broad government involvement in economic policymaking and regulation of business

political ideology vs partisan identification
Political Ideology vs. Partisan Identification

Percent responding

Percent responding

Extremely Liberal

Moderate

Extremely Conservative

Strong Democrat

Strong Republican

Independent

slide13

Rebranding the Republican Party

Rebranding the Republican Party

slide15

Trends in Partisan Identification, 1952-2004Including “Leaners”

Source: National Election Studies, various years.