The Renaissance • The Renaissance was a time of rebirth, revival of learning, and renewed cultural awareness. • As the Middle Ages drew to a close, a new spirit emerged and the focus of study shifted from theology to humanity. • This exciting cultural movement began in Italy in the late 1300's and ended in about 1600.
Renaissance Art • The changes that the Renaissance precipitated are most evident in the art of that period. • There was an evolution from the strict, symbolic figures of the Middle Ages, to the fluid, emotion-filled figures that gave life to Renaissance art.
Pre-Renaissance Art • The Byzantine art style preceded the Renaissance. • Does the style seem warm and inviting, or cold and distant to you?
Pre-Renaissance Architecture • The Romanesque and Gothic styles preceded the Renaissance. • Romanesque was round and sturdy • Gothic was tall and pointed up to heaven. • Which one seems to be a warmer, more inviting atmosphere? Why? Romanesque round arches of St Savin Gothic rib vaults of Durham Cathedral
Proto-Renaissance • This period, roughly 1200 - 1400 A.D., is the time that the Italian style was just beginning to show breaks from the Byzantine and Gothic styles. • We see the first attempts to display realism and greater interest in depicting the human form.
Byzantine v. Proto-Renaissance • Compare a Byzantine painting with one of Giotto's paintings. • Which one looks more realistic? Byzantine Art Detail from Giotto’s Mourning of Christ
Proto-Renaissance Art: Giotto • Giotto di Bondone (c. 1267 - 1337) was a Florentine painter and architect. • He was recognized as the first artistic genius of the Italian Renaissance. • He dealt largely in the traditional religious subjects, but he gave these subjects an earthly, full-blooded life and force.
A sad, remote, inscrutable Virgin from the 13th century A very human woman, her lips parted in a hint of a smile that reveals the white of her teeth. 13th c. Madonna -Cimabue'sSanta Trinita Madonna Giotto’s Ognissanti Madonna