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The West African Kingdom of Songhai. In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: The Kingdom of Songhai Cultural Diffusion Monotheism Trans-Saharan Trade The Fall of Songhai. Great trading kingdoms emerged in West Africa. The Kingdom of Songhai.

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the west african kingdom of songhai

The West African Kingdom of Songhai

In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms:

The Kingdom of Songhai

Cultural Diffusion

Monotheism

Trans-Saharan Trade

The Fall of Songhai

E. Napp

slide2

Great trading kingdoms emerged

in West Africa.

E. Napp

the kingdom of songhai
The Kingdom of Songhai
  • In 1464, the people of Songhai captured Timbuktu.
  • The people of Songhai seized control of the profitable Trans-Saharan trade.
  • The West African Kingdom of Songhai was the largest of the three trading kingdoms.

E. Napp

slide4

The West African kingdom of Songhai was

the largest of the three trading kingdoms.

E. Napp

conversion to islam
Conversion to Islam
  • The rulers of Songhai were Muslims.
  • Many West Africans had converted to Islam. They accepted the Five Pillars of Islam and became monotheists (believers in one God).
  • North Africans were Muslims. Through trade, cultural diffusion or cultural exchanges occurred.

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slide6

North African nomads

were Muslims.

Through trade, Islam

entered West Africa.

Trade increased

cultural diffusion or

the exchange of

cultural ideas and

objects.

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trans saharan trade
Trans-Saharan Trade
  • Like Ghana and Mali, the kingdom of Songhai controlled the profitable Trans-Saharan trade.
  • The Trans-Saharan trade connected North Africa and West Africa.
  • North African salt was exchanged for West African gold.

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slide8

North African nomads exchanged

salt for West African gold.

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the fall of songhai
The Fall of Songhai
  • Eventually, the kingdom of Songhai fell to invading armies from Morocco in 1591.
  • The Moroccan armies had guns.
  • The Moroccans had acquired guns from Europeans.

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slide10

The Moroccans had acquired guns

from Europeans.

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slide11

The largest of the trading kingdoms,

the kingdom of Songhai, only lasted

100 years.

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summary
Summary
  • Three great West African kingdoms controlled the Trans-Saharan trade routes.
  • While profiting greatly from the trade, the three kingdoms built beautiful cities and great centers of learning.
  • Trade between North Africa and West Africa increased cultural diffusion.

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slide13

The Trans-Saharan

trade greatly

increased cultural

diffusion.

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questions for reflection
Questions for Reflection:
  • How did the people of Songhai gain control of the Trans-Saharan trade routes?
  • What was the Trans-Saharan trade?
  • Why did the Trans-Saharan trade greatly increase cultural diffusion?
  • How did the introduction of Islam to West Africa affect the cultures of West Africa?
  • Why did the kingdom of Songhai collapse?

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