Multi-Agent Systems. University “Politehnica” of Bucarest Spring 2011 Adina Magda Florea http://turing.cs.pub.ro/mas_11 curs.cs.pub.ro. Course goals.
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University “Politehnica” of BucarestSpring 2011Adina Magda Florea
Projects 20%Laboratory 20%
The term agent is used frequently nowadays in:
Flexible autonomous action
(Wooldridge and Jennings, 1995)
Two main streams of definitions
Two types of definitions
Other basis for intelligence?
- Accessible vs inaccessible
- Deterministic vs
- Episodic vs non-episodic
- Static vs dynamic
- Open vs closed
Many entities (agents) in a common environment
- high-level interactions
collectively motivated / interested
- own goals / indifferent
- own goals / competition / competing for the same resources
- own goals / competition / contradictory goals
- own goals / coalitions
- negotiation to reach agreement
centralized vs decentralized
"cognitive agent" approach
The model of human intelligence and human perspective of the world characterise an intelligent agent using symbolic representations and mentalistic notions:
Is this the only way agents can acquire intelligence?
Player A/ Player B
2 , 2
0 , 5
3 , 3
The wise men problem
A king wishing to know which of his three wise men is the wisest, paints a white spot on each of their foreheads, tells them at least one spot is white, and asks each to determine the color of his spot. After a while the smartest announces that his spot is white
The problem of Prisoner's Dilemma
Outcomes for actor A (in hypothetical "points") depending on the combination of A's action and B's action, in the "prisoner's dilemma" game situation. A similar scheme applies to the outcomes for B.
The problem of pray and predators
Goal-Directed™ Agent technology.
AdaptivEnterprise™ Solution Suite allow businesses to migrate from traditionally static, hierarchical organizations to dynamic, intelligent distributed organizations capable of addressing constantly changing business demands.
Supports a large number of variables, high variety and frequent occurrence of unpredictable external events.
Personal agents (PDA)
Agents’ role in e-learning
- business-to-consumer (B2C)
- consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
Difficulties of eCommerce