SCIENCE Understanding the World Around Us
Children have a natural interest about the world around them andthey act as scientists as they question their surroundings.
Science is BEST LEARNED THROUGH: • Experiences of the senses: • eyes, nose, mouth, ears, and touch • First hand experiences • Simple experiments • Unplanned discoveries • Observations • Predictions • Exciting discussions • Effective questioning
Chemistry transformation: scientific process THE SCIENTIFIC PROCESS • Observe: notice, wonder explore. • Ask questions • Create a hypothesis • Predict outcome • Perform experiment • Analyze results • Evaluate hypothesis
Effective Questioning • Children often need a little push or help thinking about things. • Effective questioning develops: • Critical thinking skills and Problem solving • Language and promotes Discussion • Responsibility • Personal opinions • Cause and effect, compare and contrast, observations • CLOSED-ENDED QUESTIONS: • Answering the question for the child. • Simple Single word answers or Yes and No answers. • What color is it? • What shape is it? • Do you like to look at the fish? • Is that your favorite toy?
OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS: • What are you observing? • Look at the cream in the jar. • What happens when you ….? • What do you think will happen if…. • How did you do that? • I wonder how _______ works? • How could you group these? • What can you do to make that happen? • How does it look the same or different than it did yesterday? • What can you change to make ___ work/happen out? • When did this happen? What happened afterward? • I don’t know either. Let’s see if we can find out
The SCIENCE AREA • Allow the child to explore the world around them through hands on activities, displays, and simple science experiments. • Place it near a window and away from active play. • Include a variety of materials for the child to examine and experience using all of their senses.
Include a Sensory Table • Anything that provides children with an opportunity to explore using their senses. • A sensory table is more than just sand and water: wheat, straws, snow, mud, rice, ooblek • Contain water wheels, funnels, plastic beakers, cups etc. • -Sensory tables should be located near a sink for quick clean up.
SENSORY PLAY OOBLEK 1 Dixie cup 1 – 1 ½ TBL water 2 TBL cornstarch Stir it
Suspension Chemical reaction Chemical change CHEMISTRY
1. Suspension Lava Lamp, Pepper Fun 2. Chemical reaction Volcano , Alka Seltzer Pop 3. Chemical change Oobleck, Butter, Soap Flubber (Silly putty) and Gak (slime) CHEMISTRY
Balance Weight and Size Movements Gravity Water: Sink or Float Magnets Machines: wheels, gears, lever, etc. PHYSICAL
Conductor/Insulator Ice cubes on a metal baking sheet vs. ice cubes on a piece of cardboard, which melts faster? Crayon Melting on a hot plate Electricity Static on hair with balloons Balance Does air have weight?2 balloons and a ruler. Dominoes falling in a chain reaction Weight and Size Gravity Drop various objects to see how they fall, Water fountain Water: Test Sink or Float, Scuba Diver , Dancing raisins/popcorn Magnets Dancing Socks Machines: wheels, gears, lever (nutcracker), Push cars down a race track PHYSICAL
Sun Light and Dark: Shadows Stars Weather ASTROLOGY-METEOROLOGY
Sun, Moon and Stars Make a sundial, sun prints on paper Telescope Light and Dark Shadow tracing Outdoors with the sun, indoors with the flashlight. The water cycle Weather Tornado in a bottle, Thunder in a brown bag Season changes ASTROLOGY-METEOROGY
Living and non-living things Animals Habitats and Diets BIOLOGY
Studying Living and non-living things Classify and sort items Animals Make a bird house or bird feeder, Care of pets, Habitats and Diets Your Human Body Our 5 senses Smelling jars, tasting table, sound cans, touch gel bags, hearing. Graph hair colors, favorite ice cream flavors Drawing pictures of you Germs and Bacteria Germy Hands Non-living things Does it breath? Does it move on its own? BIOLOGY
Plants Germination Photosynthesis Purpose of plants: food, building, clothing, etc. BOTANY
Plants and trees Do leaves breath? Matching leaves with the tree. Leaf rubbing Germination Sprout seed in plastic bag Grass Head Guys Photosynthesis Carnation /Celery in colored water Place one plant in sun, one plant in dark. BOTANY
Conservation Recycling Erosion Care of the Environment Worms in soil ECOLOGY FIELD TRIP: AWARENESS WALK with your sidewalk chalk