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Judaism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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“In Matters concerning truth and justice there can be no distinction between big problems and small; for the general principles which determine the conduct of men are indivisible. Whoever is careless in the truth in small matters cannot be trusted.”Albert einstein
  • Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It is based on the idea of one God. Both Christianity and Islam have their roots in Judaism.
  • There are an estimated 13-14 million Jews in the world.
  • 80% of those live in Israel and the United States.
  • Understand the main doctrine that Judaism is focused on: The Torah.
  • Be familiar with major events that took place shaping Judaism.
  • Comprehend Jewish practices and laws.
  • Know the major beliefs that govern Judaism.
  • Know the main holidays that Jews celebrate.
the torah
The ToraH
  • The word Torah is Hebrew for ‘teaching’ or ‘law’.
  • The first five books of the Bible are called the Torah.
  • Torah can also refer to all Jewish law and teachings.
  • Moses wrote the Torah.
  • The Torah retells
    • God’s creation of the world
    • The selection and growth of the family of Abraham and Sarah
    • The exile and redemption from Egypt of that “family –become-nation” known as Israel
    • Israel’s wanderings through the desert until they return to the land of Canaan
    • Israel’s covenanted relationship with God
    • God’s rules for governing a just society and
    • God’s rules for establishing appropriate worship.
history how it emerged
History- How it emerged
  • Make a timeline of the important historical events
religious practices
Religious Practices
  • Jewish ritual and religious observances are grounded in Jewish Law, Halakhah, meaning “the path one walks”.Below are the three most common Jewish practices observed.
  • Brit Milah
  • Bar Mitzvah
  • Mitzvah

Visit Rabbi Scheinerman’sJudaism website to discover other Jewish practices.

  • Jews believe in a single God, without shape or form, who is both the creator and ruler of the universe and who prescribes a moral law for humanity. Judaism is the oldest major monotheistic religion.
  • Jewish people believe in the Torah, which was the whole of the laws given to the Israelites at Sinai.
  • They believe they must follow God's laws which govern daily life.
  • Passover
    • commemorates the Exodus from Egypt
    • celebrated for 7-8 days, usually over Easter
    • breads and grains are avoided during this holiday
    • Jewish law prevents people going to work or school during the first two and last two days of Passover.
Religious Celebrations
  • Rosh Hashanah
    • Jewish New Year
    • Jews make resolutions and reflect on the past year
    • Jews begin making mental preparations for Yom Kippur
    • Worship takes place in the synagogues
Religious Celebrations
  • Yom Kippur
    • Jewish day of atonement
    • a day of fasting and repentance
    • takes place in late September or early October
    • most Jews take off from work and school
    • starts the evening before the day it is listed on the Secular calendar
Religious Celebrations
  • Chanukkah
    • festival of lights
    • commemorates the rededication of the temple of Jerusalem
    • the menorah represents the one day’s supply of oil that lasted the Jews eight days during their fight against the Greeks.
    • celebrated by lighting candles, playing games for chocolate coins, eating latkes, and the exchange of gifts amongst immediate family members
  • “For billions, Jerusalem is not just sand and stone but sacred--a place of the world, and beyond it. One man, Jesus warned, cannot serve two masters. Yet Jerusalem is sacred stone and soil to Jew and Christian and Muslim alike” (Woodward, 2000, p.28).
  • Judaism is a significant religion to many people around the world and has left its mark upon today’s world.
student assessment
Student Assessment
  • Students must include information in their Bubblus to show mastery of the objectives set forth.
  • Students must show that they can create a graphic organizer to reveal their knowledge of the five categories presented in this PowerPoint on Judaism.
  • Use the following guiding questions to help construct your Bubblus organizer.
student assessment1
Student Assessment
  • Guiding Questions
    • What are the five main components in understanding Judaism?
    • What does the Torah represent in Judaism?
    • What are some of the historical events that shaped Judaism?
    • Describe the most common Jewish rituals and religious practices.
    • Explain some of the Jewish beliefs and celebrations.
grading rubric
Grading Rubric

You will be graded on the completion of your Bubblusand how accurately you include the information gathered from this PowerPoint and any other accurate sources that you read.

Your Bubblus must:

  • Include the five categories/bubbles...........…25 pts.
  • Include a minimum of four bubbles

off of the main categories/bubbles,

thus creating subcategories……………………….30 pts.

  • Include a minimum of two bubbles

off of the subcategories..................…………...20 pts.

  • Include accurate information.......………..........25 pts.
  • Total........................……………………….………….100 pts.
  • Collins, K. (2011). The Torah in Modern Scholarship. Retrieved October 29, 2011, from Ken Collins.com: http://www.kencollins.com/bible/bible-p2.htm
  • Fishbane, M. (2011, Sept 22). The life cycle of holiness. Retrieved from http://scheinerman.net/judaism/Rituals/index.html
  • Rich, T. (2011). A Gentile’s guide to the Jewish Holidays. Judaism 101. Retrieved November 1, 2011 from, http://www.jewfaq.org/holidayg.htm
  • The Torah: Five books of story, law, and property. (n.d.). Retrieved October 29, 2011, from My Jewish Learning: http://www.myjewishlearning.com/texts/Bible/Torah.shtml
  • Woodward, K. (2000). A city that echoes eternity. Newsweek. Vol. 136, Issue 4. Retrieved November 5th, 2011 from, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=49