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MeasuringSystem Changefor Green Growth Rae-Kwon Chung UN ESCAP
Definition of GG Economic & Social System Change to improve Eco-efficiency of Production & Consumption Pattern Changing Price & Infra structure so that investment in Eco-efficiency can generate Profit, employment & Growth
Measuring GG Economic & Social Performance of Public Policy, Consumer Behavior , Business performance Based on Eco-efficiency EE: Maximum Energy, Resource and Carbon Efficiency of using Natural Capital with Minimum Negative Impact
SDI, EPI, ESI, GGI: focusing on performance of public economic and social policy in terms of eco-efficiency SDI, ESI: Carrying Capacity vs Pressure EPI: state of Environment
Scope of GG Investing in Natural Capital : - linking green sector with the Economy VS Greening of the Economy: - Improving efficiency of the way we use Natural Capital
Green Growth Turning energy/resource/carbon Intensive Brown Economy Into energy/resource/carbon Efficient Green Economy By introducing price/infra system change Thus, investing in EFFICIENCY can drive Employment & Growth
Extent of System Change: • Invisible Structure: • change the way we raise tax revenue & • spend (Tax and Fiscal Reform), Value, • regulation, lifestyle, technology, innovation • Visible Structure: • change the way we design our city, • building, transport, water, energy, • waste system
ESCAP Value added GER/UNEP: investing in NC global fund GGS/OECD: comprehensive frame Roadmap/ESCAP:Eco-efficiency, System Change, Eco-tax reform, Double Dividend, Compilation of Concrete policy options,
Government has to jump start System Change As GG cannot happen automatically by the market Due to Price & Time Gap
ESCAP MCED5: Green Growth 2005 • UNEP: Green Economy 2008 • OECD: Green Growth 2009
ESCAP Economic & Social Survey 5 May 2011 - In 2011, 42 million will fall into poverty In 2010, 19 million affected due to rising oil/energy/resource/food price,
GG: Ecological Conditionality ? NO : EconomicStrategy for FOOD/Fuel Crisis, Oil/Resource Crisis Oil/Resource Price Volatility Resilience against External Shocks Energy Security , Climate Impact, to avoid being trapped in Poverty
Limits of GG • 1 of many Implementing strategies of SD • Not Replacing SD • Linking only Economic & Ecological Pillar: • - ecological quality of growth
Is it Feasible? • Any proof & example ? NO • Is it only for DDs(developed countries)? NO • Is it applicable for DCs(Developing Countries)? YES • Is it only a matter of Money & Technology? NO, matter of policy options: tax, fiscal, etc.
GG only a challenge for DCs ? Even more serious challenge for DDs DD has grown through BROWN Path: not easy to reverse lifestyle But DC has latecomer advantage not repeating the same path & leapfrog: no need to repeat
Any Guarantee ? To Reduce Poverty? Not much To Improve Disparity? Not much Has to be supported by SOCIAL Pillar - PINK Growth ?
GE & Poverty GER/UNEP: investing in Green Sector (bio-diversity, forestry, agriculture etc) will reduce poverty and improve equity by generating income & jobs for farmers and the poor But that is not enough. No guarantee that cost and gains from system change would be evenly & fairly distributed among population. GG/GE system change: has to be supported by inclusive policy
Right Question: How to make it happen? & How to make it inclusive? As wee do not have any other choice Task: Identifying Enabling Policy Options
Leapfrogging Strategy for DCs ? Tax based on resource consumption rather than Income can stimulate resource efficient development path,
ESCAP: 5 Tracks of GG Roadmap From Quantity to Quality of Growth Internalizing Ecological Price: ETR/EFR Changing the design of Infrastructure Promoting Green Business Establishing Low Carbon Economics * compiling policy options for GG