course outline n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
COURSE OUTLINE PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
COURSE OUTLINE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 66

COURSE OUTLINE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on

COURSE OUTLINE. 0800-0850 INTRO / GENERAL PRINCIPLES 0900-0950 VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT 1000-1050 EMER. MGMT. CONSIDERATIONS 1100-1150 TYPES OF EMERGENCIES 1150-1300 LUNCH 1300-1350 GENERAL HAZMAT RESPONSE 1400-1450 CHEMICAL SPECIFIC RESPONSE 1500-1550 PPE / AIR MONITORING

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'COURSE OUTLINE' - kalei


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
course outline
COURSE OUTLINE
  • 0800-0850 INTRO / GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • 0900-0950 VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT
  • 1000-1050 EMER. MGMT. CONSIDERATIONS
  • 1100-1150 TYPES OF EMERGENCIES
  • 1150-1300 LUNCH
  • 1300-1350 GENERAL HAZMAT RESPONSE
  • 1400-1450 CHEMICAL SPECIFIC RESPONSE
  • 1500-1550 PPE / AIR MONITORING
  • 1600-1650 REVIEW KENDALL PLAN / EXAM
classroom basics
CLASSROOM BASICS
  • 50 minute sessions / 10 minute breaks
    • The Rule of 8’s
  • Class Atmosphere
    • questions anytime
    • clarify Kendall aspects all the time
    • comfortable, relaxed, no hierarchy
    • no sleeping (please stand up, walk around)
intro general principles
INTRO GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • Our Goal:
    • Provide a step-by-step discussion on your emergency management program
      • creation
      • maintenance
      • execution
      • evaluation
    • Didactic - Interactive - Informative
intro general principles1
INTRO GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • Background
    • Augusta Company spills sulfur trioxide
      • bad press, regulatory attention, public relations
    • Amoco faces scrutiny over new school
      • emergency plans helped reduce concern
    • Pam Tucker
      • good, tough, honest, but leaving soon
    • Other Examples
      • Ford Boiler Explosion, NC Fire, Hurricane Andrew
intro general principles2
INTRO GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • So What???
    • Emergencies take their toll on business in lives, well-being, and dollars
    • Prevention is the best medicine, but
    • Preparedness is the key to survival
  • Other Terms:
    • emergency management, emergency response, emergency preparedness, emergency planning, contingency planning
intro general principles3
INTRO GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • The end result is the same:
    • - limit injuries and damage
    • - limit civil/criminal liability
    • - regulatory compliance / avoid fines
    • + return more quickly to normal operations
    • + protect employees, community, and env.
    • + enhances company image
  • So, lets get into it……...
general principles
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • What is an Emergency
    • Any unplanned event that can cause deaths, or significant injuries to:
      • employees, customers, or the public
    • Or, that can:
      • shut down your business
      • disrupt your operations
      • cause physical or environmental damage
      • threaten the facility’s financial standing
      • threaten the facility’s public image
general principles1
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • Numerous Events Can Be Emergencies:
    • Fire, Explosion,
    • HazMat Incident
    • Hurricane, Tornado, Flood, Earthquake, Snow
    • Civil Disturbance
  • Avoid the term “Disaster”
    • confuses impact to different companies
general principles2
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • What is Emergency Management?
    • The PROCESS of preparing for, mitigating, responding to, and recovering from one of these events
    • It is a DYNAMIC process, that MUST include
      • planning
      • training
      • conducting drills
      • testing equipment
      • coordinating activities
general principles3
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • The Five Main Steps:
    • 1. Establish a planning team
    • 2. Analyze capabilities and hazards
    • 3. Develop the plan
    • 4. Implement the plan
    • 5. Go to Step 2
general principles establish a planning team
GENERAL PRINCIPLES Establish a Planning Team
  • Forming The Team
  • Involve all functional areas
    • Support Services
    • Management and Personnel
    • Emergency Response
    • Communications
    • Community
general principles establish a planning team1
GENERAL PRINCIPLES Establish a Planning Team
  • Establish Authority, Schedule, Budget
    • commission the team
    • wear the managers “rank”
    • issue a mission statement
    • establish schedules, deadlines, priorities
    • determine the budget (needed vs. approved)
general principles analyze capability hazards
GENERAL PRINCIPLESAnalyze Capability/Hazards
  • Gather info about current capabilities
    • review internal plans and policies
    • meet with outside groups
    • identify codes and regulations
    • identify critical products, services, operations
    • identify internal resources
    • identify external resources
  • Conduct a Vulnerability Analysis
    • we’ll address this in detail later
general principles develop the plan
GENERAL PRINCIPLESDevelop The Plan
  • The Plan should include: an Executive Summary, Emer. Mgmt Elements, Emer. Response Procedures, Support Documents
  • Emergency Management Elements are:
    • command, control, communications
    • life safety, property protection
    • administration and logistics
    • recovery and restoration
    • community outreach
general principles develop the plan1
GENERAL PRINCIPLESDevelop The Plan
  • The development process should include:
    • prioritizing
    • writing
    • training
    • outside coord
    • corporate comms
    • review/revision
    • approval
    • distribution
general principles implementation
GENERAL PRINCIPLESImplementation
  • Integrate plan into Company Operations
    • It should become part of the company culture
    • Senior Management support?
    • Incorporated into personnel/financial proc.?
    • How is the plan distributed/communicated?
    • Are all levels of the organization involved?
    • Do personnel know what they should do?
general principles implementation1
GENERAL PRINCIPLESImplementation
  • Conduct Training
    • orientation and education sessions
    • tabletop exercises
    • walk-through drill
    • functional drills
    • evacuation drill
    • full scale exercise
general principles4
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  • Does Anyone Remember the Last Step?
  • Go to Step 2
vulnerability analysis
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • This systematic process of evaluating the probability and potential impact of each emergency.
  • Use a numerical system to:
    • Assign probabilities
    • estimate impact
    • assess resources
  • The Higher The Score the Better
vulnerability analysis1
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • List Potential Emergencies
  • Include internal and external emergencies
  • Factors to consider:
    • historical
    • geographic
    • technological
    • human error
    • physical
    • regulatory
vulnerability analysis2
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Historical Factors, what HAS occured
    • at this facility
    • at similar facilities
    • at other facilities in the area
    • in the community at-large
  • Geographical Factors (ie. due to location)
    • flood plains, seismic faults
    • adjacent company hazards
    • airports, railroads, highways, nuclear power
vulnerability analysis3
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Technological Factors:
    • Process Safety
    • Computer Failure
    • Power Failure
  • Emergencies from human error due to:
    • poor training
    • misconduct
    • fatigue
    • drugs/alcohol
vulnerability analysis4
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Physical Factors:
    • layout of equipment
    • proximity of shelter areas
    • physical construction
  • Regulatory Factors:
    • Limited by regulations?
    • Required to respond by regulations?
vulnerability analysis5
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Estimate Probability
    • Rate the likelihood of emergency
    • Use scale of 1 to 5 (1 = lowest probability)
    • Subjective consideration
    • Be consistent
vulnerability analysis6
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Estimate the Potential Human Impacts
    • the possibility of death or serious injury
  • Estimate the Potential Property Impacts
    • cost to repair/replace
    • cost of temporary facilities
  • Estimate the Potential Business Impacts
    • business interruption
      • breach of supply contracts
      • inaccessiblity by employees, customers, shippers
vulnerability analysis7
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Assess Internal and External Resources
    • The lower the score the better
    • in-house assets/talents sufficient
    • responsiveness of external support
  • Add the columns
    • The lower the score the better
    • Subjective, but comparisons provide planning and resource priorities.
vulnerability analysis8
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
  • Sounds easy, Right???
  • Lets do one on a “simple” emergency.
emergency management elements
Emergency Management Elements
  • Command, Control, and Communications
  • Life Safety
  • Property Protection
  • Recovery and Restoration
  • Administration and Logistics
  • Community Outreach
emergency management elements1
Emergency Management Elements
  • Command, Control, and Communications
    • SomeONE has to be in charge
    • Emergency Action Group
      • Incident Commander
      • First Aiders, Fire Brigade, HazMat Team
    • Emergency Management Group
      • Plant Manager, General Manager,
      • Safety/Health Manager, Environmental Manager
      • Public Relations, HR, Logistics
emergency management elements2
Emergency Management Elements
  • Incident Command System
    • Developed specifically for the fire service
    • Can be applied to all emergencies
    • Provides for coordinated response and a
    • CLEAR Chain of Command for safe operations
  • Incident Commander
    • frontline management of the problem
    • tactical planning and execution
    • determines if outside assistance is needed
emergency management elements3
Emergency Management Elements
  • The Incident Commander must have authority to:
    • assume command
    • assess the situation
    • implement the emergency plan
    • determine response strategies
    • activate resources
    • order evacuation
    • declare the incident is “over”
emergency management elements4
Emergency Management Elements
  • Emergency Operations Center
    • communications equipment
    • copies of emergency plan / EOC procedures
    • blueprints, maps, status boards
    • a list of EAG members and their duties
    • technical information and data
    • data/info management capabilities
    • telephone directories
    • back-up power, comms and lighting
emergency management elements5
Emergency Management Elements
  • Emergency Operations Center
    • THE centralized management center
    • Where the EMG (decision makers) operates from during an emergency
    • The ONLY location/source to override the IC
    • Must be located in an area of the facility not likely to be involved in any of the Emergency Plan scenarios.
    • An alternate should also be designated
emergency management elements6
Emergency Management Elements
  • Other Command and Control issues:
    • Need a predetermined line of succession
    • Define duties of personnel with assigned role
    • Prepare checklists/procedures for each role
    • Maintain logs
    • Use security to isolate the involved area
    • coordination of outside response
emergency management elements7
Emergency Management Elements
  • Communications
    • Cant stress this enough!
    • Think about comms during a routine day, then think about them during an emergency
    • Consider comms between:
      • the EAG and the IC
      • the IC and the EOC/EMG
      • the EOC and everyone else
        • customers, neighbors, media, fire department
emergency management elements8
Emergency Management Elements
  • Contingency Planning Communications
    • Business/Recovery impact
    • Prioritize communications
    • Consider backup communications
      • messengers
      • radios: short wave, microwave, CB, etc
      • satellite
    • Family Communications
emergency management elements9
Emergency Management Elements
  • Communications - Notification
    • How should employees report an emergency
    • Post emergency telephone numbers
    • MAINTAIN a list of repsonders’ numbers
    • consider a weather radio watch
  • Communications - Alarm
    • Be audible or within view of ALL personnel
    • auxiliary power supply
    • distinct and recognizable signal
emergency management elements10
Emergency Management Elements
  • Life Safety
  • Evacuation planning
    • Pre-determine conditions warranting evac
    • Identify personnel authorized to order evac
    • Use a system to account for personnel
    • Establish alternate muster areas
    • disabled / non-English speaking persons
  • Define approved shelter areas
    • physically sound? Supplies?
emergency management elements11
Emergency Management Elements
  • Property Safety - Consider:
    • fire fighting
    • spill control/clean-up
    • closing barricades, doors, windows
    • shutting down equipment
    • covering/moving equipment
    • protection systems
    • retrofitting mitigative modifications
    • Facility shutdown (similar to evac policy)
emergency management elements12
Emergency Management Elements
  • Records Preservation
  • A major source of “loss”, often overlooked
    • off site copies
    • electronic back-ups
    • improved storage
    • include in evacuation policy (initial response)
    • procedure to recreate lost records
emergency management elements13
Emergency Management Elements
  • Community Outreach
    • involving the community
    • mutual aid agreements
    • community service
    • public information
    • media relations
    • risk = hazard + outrage
emergency management elements14
Emergency Management Elements
  • Recovery and Restoration
    • involve your insurance carrier
    • determine critical ops and make plans to bring those on-line first
      • repair/replace equipment
      • relocating operations
      • contracting operations
      • Community Outreach
    • Evaluate continuity of management and key personnel
types of emergencies fire
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESFire
  • Prevention, Prevention, Prevention
  • Fire Extinguishers / Training
  • Assign fire wardens to each area
  • Predetermine the level of response
  • Meet with Local FD to:
    • review their capabilities
    • review their fire plan for your facility
    • request their help with evac drills
types of emergencies hazmat incidents
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESHazMat Incidents
  • Review both on-site and off-site sources
  • Highly regulatory environment
    • OSHA - HazWoper, HazComm, Resp Standard, Ventilation
    • EPA - RCRA, CERCLA, SARA, HMTA, TSCA
  • Consider:
    • labelling, MSDS’s (HazComm)
  • Predetermine the level of response
  • Meet with the Local FD
types of emergencies floods
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESFloods
  • Determine if you are in a flood plain
  • Know NOW where the higher ground is
  • Establish a weather radio watch
  • Consider
    • permanent flood proofing measures
    • contingent flood proofing
    • emergency flood proofing
types of emergencies hurricanes
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESHurricanes
  • The Season is June-November
  • This far inland storm surge and direct wind damage is unlikely, but
  • Hurricanes can spawn Tornadoes
  • Emergency planning involves flood and tornado preparations
types of emergencies tornadoes
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESTornadoes
  • Winds can reach 300 mph
  • Damage up to 1 mile wide 50 miles long
  • Establish a weather radio watch
  • Designate shelter areas in the plant
    • area of 6sqft per person
    • structurally sound (engineer)
    • away from exterior wall, windows, doors
    • conduct drills
types of emergencies severe winter storms
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESSevere Winter Storms
  • A little snow can cause a lot of problems
  • Plan for shutdowns and early releases
  • Plan for employees stranded at the facility
  • Back-Up power
types of emergencies earthquakes
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESEarthquakes
  • Geologically minor risk for Augusta
  • Ensure new construction considers seismic rating
  • prevent resultant damage
    • secure shelves and equipment to floor/wall
    • secure utility and process piping
    • move large heavy objects to lower shelves
    • install safety glass where appropriate
    • if indoors, stay…if outdoors, get away
types of emergencies technological emergency
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESTechnological Emergency
  • Loss of utility service, power, information system, or critical business equipment
  • Avoid or mitigate the loss
    • redundancy
    • plan for rapid restoration
    • establish preventive maintenance system
    • review building systems with key safety and maintenance personnel
types of emergencies others
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESOthers
  • Riot, War, Sabotage, Terrorism
  • Workplace Violence
  • Bomb Threats
  • Emergency Medical Situations
  • Lightening
  • Wildfire
  • Dam Failure
  • Radiological
types of emergencies lepc threat rankings
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESLEPC Threat Rankings
  • HighwayHazMat
  • Power Failure
  • Winter Storm
  • Flood
  • Tornado
  • Draught
  • Transportation Radioloogical
  • Facility HazMat
  • Urban Fire
  • Rail HazMat
types of emergencies ten most costly
TYPES OF EMERGENCIESTen Most Costly
  • 1992Hurricane Andrew (10.8 Billion)
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo (4.2 Billion)
  • 1992 Hurricane Iniki (1.6 Billion)
  • 1991Oakland Wildfires (1.2 Billion)
  • 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake (960 Million)
  • 1983 Winter Storms (880 Million)
  • 1992 Los Angeles Riots (775 Million)
  • 1979 Hurricane Frederic (753 Million
  • 1983 Hurricane Alicia (676 Million)
  • 1990 Denver Storms (625 Million)
general hazmat response
GENERAL HAZMAT RESPONSE
  • SIZE UP
    • The process of gathering and analyzing information
  • STRATEGY
    • The general plan or course of action for preventing or reducing effects of an incident
  • TACTICS
    • The methods and tasks used to accomplish the selected strategy
general hm response size up
GENERAL HM RESPONSESize Up
  • Obtain and Evaluate as much information as time permits
    • the identity of the material
    • the hazards associated with each material
    • effects on public, property and environment
    • air, land, surface water, groundwater
    • determine options for control or mitigation
    • determine and initiate safety measures.
general hm response size up1
GENERAL HM RESPONSESize Up
  • Brief description of incident
    • location, date, time, identity, habitation
  • Terrain and Site Conditions
    • accessibility, dispersion paths, sensitive areas
  • Present status and current participation
  • Status of communications
  • Current / impending weather conditions
general hm response size up2
GENERAL HM RESPONSESize Up
  • Offsite Reconnaissance
    • general layout of the site
    • note # of containers, building, impoundment
    • look for placards, labels, markings
    • look for vapors, clouds, run-off, dead animals
    • not an unusual odors
    • off site samples
    • interview people in the area
general hm response size up3
GENERAL HM RESPONSESize Up
  • On Site Survey
    • confirm earlier observations
      • #’s, types, quantities, locations, dispersion paths
      • labels, markings, tags
    • determine condition of material and container
    • assess behavior
      • foaming, vaporizing, corroding
    • consider air monitoring
      • approach from upwind
      • assume plume dispersion and set boundaries
general hm response size up4
GENERAL HM RESPONSESize Up
  • Determine Hazardous Nature of Material
    • Toxicity, Corrosivity, Radioactivity
    • Biological Hazards, Asphyxiating Hazards
    • Flammable Hazards, Explosion hazards
    • reactive or unstable materials, oxidizers
  • Type, Condition, Behavior of Containers
    • under stress from heat or fire
    • under stress from mechanical damage
    • under stress from chemical reactions
general hm response strategy
GENERAL HM RESPONSEStrategy
  • Based on priorities established by size up
    • rescue, life saving, responder safety
    • prevention/mitigation of explosion/fire
    • protection of property
    • protection of environment
    • potential for container failure (additional loss)
    • availability of resources and time
    • weather conditions
general hm response tactics
GENERAL HM RESPONSETactics
  • Life Savings Operations
    • Rescue
      • endangered persons
    • Evacuation
      • affected persons
      • needs to be an early decision, expect delays
    • Taking Shelter
general hm response tactics1
GENERAL HM RESPONSETactics
  • Actions/Tasks employed to prevent or reduce the hazards of the chemcials
    • extinguishing fires, wetting areas
    • controlled burning/detonation
    • cooling containers, removing materials
    • plugging, patching original containers
    • dikes, berms, dams to confine materials to smallest possible area
    • chemical/physical methods
general hm response tactics2
GENERAL HM RESPONSETactics
  • Prevent container Failure
    • Cool containers
    • use stress barriers
    • remove uninvolved materials
  • Contain Confine the Hazard
    • stop the leak
    • construct a barrier
    • remove ignition sources
    • controlled burning
general hm response tactics3
GENERAL HM RESPONSETactics
  • Extinguish Fires
    • Use Proper Extinguishing Agent
    • Remove Fuel/Oxygen Supply
    • Let substance burn
  • Exposure Protection
    • PPE, CPC, Heat Stress, Decon
    • Tactical Withdrawal
    • Explosion Barriers
general hm response summary
GENERAL HM RESPONSESummary
  • Size up the conditions present
  • Define the problems
  • Establish priorities
  • Evaluate possible courses of action
  • Determine if SOPs are applicable
  • Determine the best course of action
  • Put the strategy in operation
  • Review results and Revise