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CISM Education & CollaborationTopic: Defining Resilience February 22, 2006 Seattle W. Precinct Sponsored by: King County CISM Team
Defining Resilience Building Purpose___________________________________________________________ • The move within the CISM is from intervention to prevention. • Assembled teams (CISD Team) at the ready for the “Big One” have found value in (Peer Support) to be available at the “Small One”. Resilience & Psychological First Aid
This Training’s Purpose: Upon completion, the topic of Resilience within the service of CISM will be better understood. Discussion will focus upon the value of stress management education and prevention, further defining the role of CISM/Peer Support and available resources afforded them.
Positive Psychology For most of the 20th Century, the field of psychology has focused largely on understanding and healing psychological ailments within a disease model. The new field of Positive Psychology instead focuses on understanding and building the best things in life. ych
Positive Psychology At the individual level, Positive Psychology is about character strengths, including the capacity for love and work, courage, compassion, resilience, hope, creativity, social skills, integrity, self-knowledge, impulse control, future-mindedness, and wisdom. At the level of community, it is about the civic virtues and the institutions that nurture better citizenship, such as responsibility, civility, parenting, work ethic, leadership, volunteerism, and tolerance. URL: http://www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu/ ych
Vulnerability vs. Resilience RESILIENCE AND VULNERABILITY FACTORS IN THE COURSE OF ADAPTATION TO TRAUMA ~ Nat’l Center for PTSD Rachel Yehuda, Ph.D. “Is it appropriate to consider those who do not develop any psychiatric disorder, the less vulnerable trauma survivors, stress-resistant? Perhaps yes. However, it seems clear that resistance may be a characteristic that is malleable by traumatic experience. It is certainly easy to see how an invulnerable individual may escape the fate of posttraumatic symptoms the first and or even second time a traumatic event occurs. But it may be that repeated exposure to stress causes an erosion of resilience. Rather than considering the dichotomy between resilience and vulnerability, it would be informative to consider the relationship between these two constructs.”
What is Psychological Resilience? • Mainstream view of psychological resilience refers to an individual's capacity to withstand stressors and not manifest psychology dysfunction, such as mental illness or persistent negative mood. • Further defined in terms by a person's capacity to avoid psychopathology despite difficult circumstances.
Building Resilience (adaptive coping) • The past edict of veterans: “Just deal with it!” • How much stress is enough or too much? • When a stressor occurs and cognitive appraisal takes place adaptation begins: • Outwardly focused on the problem (problem-solving), • Inwardly focused on emotions (emotion-focused) • Socially focused (emotional support from others)
Resilience in Example • What are some adaptive actions taken by Emergency Services Responders in situations? • Acute or Incident Specific Stress • Chronic Stress
Helping to Define Resilience • Resilience refers to an individual's capacity to thrive and fulfill their desired potential despite effects some stressors: • Problems are seen as opportunities for growth • Challenges as learning and development opportunities • Some prove themselves to be more resilient than others, resilient individuals demonstrate dynamic self-renewal • Resilience is a dynamic quality, not a permanent capacity. In other words, less resilient individuals find themselves worn down and negatively impacted by life stressors.
Helping to Define Resilience • The chattering inner voice that is most prevalent in the human psyche fundamentally shaped by what happens in the inner sanctum or core beliefs. • When events become overwhelming, when adrenalin surges, when things go wrong, resilience emerges as the capacity to still find the wherewithal, determination and reason to cope with situation, regardless, despite all odds and more often than not, to find ways through. What role does a CISM/Peer Team Play?
When do we employ our help? • When, in an individual’s time of crisis, does Peer Support enter? • What defines the actions Peer Support should take? • Define the crisis/situation • Intervene in the crisis • Refer to resource(s) available to them
Encouraging Resilience • Resilience it not a fluke. • Trained themselves (living through adversity) • Employ particular attitudes, cognitive and emotional skills and a deep determination to overcome serious challenges. • Building the psychological resilience of Emergency Services Professionals has become an increasingly popular target of community intervention and personal development programs during the latter 20th century. Developing assets is essential for them.
Developmental Assets Categories Search Institute; 40 Developmental Assets • External assets: • Support: experience support, care, and love from their families, neighbors, and others. The need for organizations to provide positive, supportive environments. • Empowerment: need to have opportunities to contribute to others, a feeling safe and secure. • Boundaries and expectations: knowing what is expected • Constructive: need constructive, enriching opportunities for growth through creative activities, • Internal Assets • Commitment to learning • Positive values: develop strong values that guide their choices • Social competencies: skills and competencies that equip us to make positive choices, build relationships, and to succeed in life. • Positive identity: a strong sense of one’s own power, purpose, worth, and promise.
What is our Future in Building Resilience? • What can agencies develop administratively? • How can Teams encourage co-worker resilience? • Where is the definition line of when resilience is not holding up and psychological first aid should be administered? • What are the resources available for Team to utilize and/or refer?
Thank You Any questions, comments?