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Henrik Ibsen Early life. Early Early Life. March 20, 1828 - 23 May 1906 T he oldest of five children Born to Marichen Altenburg and Knud Ibsen Wealthy family Bankrupt. Work and Travel. Family life influences work At fifteen, Ibsen forced to leave school Child at 18

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early early life
Early Early Life
  • March 20, 1828 - 23 May 1906
  • The oldest of five children
  • Born to Marichen Altenburg and Knud Ibsen
  • Wealthy family
  • Bankrupt
work and travel
Work and Travel
  • Family life influences work
  • At fifteen, Ibsen forced to leave school
  • Child at 18
  • Norway to Italy to Germany
Grimstad at age 15
  • Central theme “unremitting portrayals of suffering women”
  • Catilina
  • Brand
  • Ole Schulerud
works of henrik ibsen
Works of Henrik Ibsen
  • 1850 - Catiline (Catilina)
  • 1850 - The Burial Mound also known as The Warrior's Barrow (Kjæmpehøjen)
  • 1851 - Norma (Norma)
  • 1852 - St. John's Eve (Sancthansnatten)
  • 1854 - Lady Inger of Oestraat (FruIngertilØsteraad)
  • 1855 - The Feast at Solhaug (GildetpaaSolhoug)
  • 1856 - Olaf Liljekrans (Olaf Liljekrans)
  • 1857 - The Vikings at Helgeland (HærmændenepaaHelgeland)
  • 1862 - Digte - only released collection of poetry
  • 1862 - Love's Comedy (KjærlighedensKomedie)
  • 1863 - The Pretenders (Kongs-Emnerne)
  • 1866 - Brand (Brand)
  • 1867 - Peer Gynt (Peer Gynt)
  • 1869 - The League of Youth (De ungesForbund)
  • 1873 - Emperor and Galilean (KejserogGalilæer)
  • 1877 - Pillars of Society (SamfundetsStøtter)
  • 1879 - A Doll's House (Et Dukkehjem)
  • 1881 - Ghosts (Gengangere)
  • 1882 - An Enemy of the People (En Folkefiende)
  • 1884 - The Wild Duck (Vildanden)
  • 1886 - Rosmersholm (Rosmersholm)
  • 1888 - The Lady from the Sea (FruenfraHavet)
  • 1890 - HeddaGabler (HeddaGabler)
  • 1892 - The Master Builder (BygmesterSolness)
  • 1896 - John Gabriel Borkman (John Gabriel Borkm
early life
Early Life
  • First Play
  • University
mid life
Mid Life
  • Marrying and troubles
  • Other Talents
life s end and after
Life's End and After
  • Darkness
  • Popularity
  • Inspiration and Reason
  • Father of Realism
dramatic developments
Dramatic Developments
  • Psychological conflicts
  • Encouragment
  • Why are plays Art?
  • Father of Realism
norwegian return
Norwegian Return
  • Change
  • Inspiration
  • Basic
  • Fun Fact
  • Asteroid
  • Two honorific accomplishment
  • International Ibsen Award
  • Norwegian Ibsen Award
  • Ibsen Centennial Commemoration Award
final years
Final Years
  • Returned to Norway in 1891
  • Became less reclusive in response to renown
  • Late work was psychologically reflective in quality
  • Suffered multiple strokes in 1900
    • Left unable to write
  • Scarcely present from time of strokes to death on May 23, 1906
  • Last words: "To the contrary!"
  • Mountainous
  • Large coastline
  • Temperate along the coast
  • Fertile land for agriculture
revolutions of 1848

Revolutions of 1848

By: Joel Johnston

what were the revolutions of 1848
What were the revolutions of 1848?
  • A series of political upheavals that occurred in Europe in 1848
  • Caused the temporary collapse of traditional authority
  • Wave began in France
  • Affected over 50 countries
what sparked these revolutions
What sparked these revolutions?
  • Dissatisfaction with political leadership
  • Demand for a more democratic political system
  • Needs of the working class
  • Rise of nationalist movements
  • Regrouping of reactionary forces
  • Originated in France
  • College students were first to start the revolution
  • Peasants and workers soon joined them
  • Variety of demands
  • Largely considered a failure due to its lack of structural changes
  • Tens of thousands of people killed
  • Only significant lasting reform was the abolition of serfdom in Austria and Hungary, the end of absolute monarchy in Denmark and the end of the Capetiandynasty in France.
  • Reactionary forces won out and the revolutions collapse
  • 1770, 1800-1848
  • Focus on arts, esp. emotions of the artist and aimed to invoke emotion
  • High emphasis on originality, sinful if artist is not original
  • Often associated with nature, artists preferred nature to world of man
  • Very idealistic, ‘pure’ view of nature
  • Little or no satire, not worth serious attention
  • 1848-
  • Focuses on a third person objective reality
  • Truth by perception undistorted by personal bias of emotions
  • Accurate and truthful to how ‘reality’ really is
  • Against romanticism
  • Literature and theater aims to create an accurate picture of everyday life, and the problems and drama associated with it.
Received less: were not allowed to attend universities
  • Could only work low paying jobs
  • Had to begin working at around 8 to 12 years
Had little choices but to get married
  • She belonged to her husband
  • She could not divorce her husband but he could divorce her until 1857 when a law was instated that allowed divorce in situations of physical mistreatment
timeline of women s rights
Timeline of Women’s Rights
  • 1833 Oberlin College becomes first co-educational university in the USA
  • 1837 First Anti-Slavery Society (women) meets in New York
  • 1839 Married Women’s Property Act, women can own property in name only. (Mississippi)
  • 1844 Lowell Female Labour Reform Association (LFLRA) demand 10 hour work days, one of first women’s labour unions.
1848 First Women’s Right convention held in Seneca Falls, New York.
  • 1849 First Woman to have a medical degree in the USA (First female medical doctor)
  • 1861-5 Women support war movement, but disrupt women’s rights movement.
  • 1872 Mothers without husbands can maintain a homestead (Canada)
1870 The American Women’s Suffrage Association (AWSA) publishes Women’s Journal
  • 1896 Lawyers can be either male or female, even though the first female lawyer was hired in 1869
  • 1912 Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party adopts a woman's suffrage plank.
  • 1917 Women won a petition to allow for women to also cast a vote.
important figures
Important Figures

Lucy Stone

Susan B. Anthony

Elizabeth Cady Stanton


Feminism is defined as “the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men.”

In the 1800s, and even into the1900s, women were not treated equally to men.

Although one might think that only women support feminism, men also supported this, though to a lesser extent.

Before the 1840s, even women graduating was unheard of. The first woman recorded graduating from college was in 1840.


Defined as “a body of philosophies and ethical perspectives that emphasize the value of human beings, individually andcollectively, and generally place more importance on rational thought than on strict faith or adherence to principle.”

The Humanism movement is attributed with moving scientists as well, as many began to call themselves Humanists in the 19th century. It also likely had a part in developing more atheist movements, as it had a part in the questioning of faiths.

ibsen s view
Ibsen's View

"I am not even quite sure what women's rights really are. To me it has been a question of human rights"

Ibsen likely used Nora as an “everyman,” not just as a female example.

Since women were oppressed at the time and not given equal rights, they could be seen reasonably as a good example of the humanist view.

Popularity of Feminism was fueled greatly by the growth in literacy, which allowed the middle class to have more opportunities for careers and thus for their lives. Feminism was also backed up by the enlightenment, which itself was driven by the growth of science which may have pushed, and been pushed by, the Humanist movement.

However, feminism was not only fueled by the Enlightenment. Many Christians believed in equality as well. These feminists insisted that women’s rights were God-given and should not be curtailed by human custom or law.