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UNFICYP UN RESOLUTION 186 (1964). Marianna Fumagalli e Mounia Drissi IUIES MaIPO – Peace Keeping course by prof Davide Berruti. Why?. UN Resolution started out of treaties between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot parties in 1960

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Unficyp un resolution 186 1964

UNFICYPUN RESOLUTION 186(1964)

Marianna Fumagalli e Mounia Drissi

IUIES MaIPO – Peace Keeping course by prof Davide Berruti


Why?

  • UN Resolution started out of treaties between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot parties in 1960

  • UN saw the Cyprus conflict as a threat to the international peace and security


The resolution
The Resolution

  • UN called upon its member States to conform in their obligations and UN Charter whereby they should not worsen the situation or endanger international peace

  • Gvt of Cyprus was asked to actively participate to stop violence

  • UN required cooperation from Cypriot communities and leaders

  • UN recommended the creation of a United Nations Peace Keeping Force in Cyprus (with periodical reports to UNSC)

  • The Force will contribute to the restoration of law and order, international peace and security

  • 3 months period funded by Gvts, Gvt of Cyprus and voluntary contributions

  • UN proposed a facilitated mediation (with periodical reports to UNSC)

  • Mediator and staff paid by UN ( they represent UN!)


The idea of neutrality in the resolution
THE IDEA OF NEUTRALITY IN THE RESOLUTION

  • Both conflicting parties agreed on it

  • After more than 30 years UNFICYP is not considered neutral by Turkish Cypriots  2008 negotiations still go on


Civilian aspects of the crisis management
CIVILIAN ASPECTS OF THE CRISIS MANAGEMENT

  • 1964 UN Resolution (humanitarian function)  PEACEKEEPING

  • 1974 UNFICYP Creation of a Buffer Zone (humanitarian and economic function)  PEACEKEEPING

  • 1998 Creation of the Civil Affairs Branch  PEACEBUILDING

    WHO: civilian, military, civilian police and support personnel (under UN control)

     UNPOL (United Nations Police) first contact point between civilians


Civilian aspects of the crisis management1
CIVILIAN ASPECTS OF THE CRISIS MANAGEMENT

  • More focused on peacekeeping but some economical aspects considered

  • Less involved in the Turkish Cypriot part because of the origin of the funds

    - Costs of the mission  WHY? Funded only by UN and Cyprus contribution, no money from the Turkish part

  • Intervention of UNDP into a “secure scenario”



Proposal for the future
Proposal for the future

  • Involving more Cypriots organizations in peace building activities

    (UN, Greeks and Turkish all agree!)


Cyprus's nose grows longer [because of lies]...- Anon: How are you?- Cyprus: Just fine dandy.

Marianna Fumagalli e Mounia Drissi MaIPO


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