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Development of high yielding early bulking cassava varieties for drought prone agro ecology of Nigeria PowerPoint Presentation
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Development of high yielding early bulking cassava varieties for drought prone agro ecology of Nigeria

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Development of high yielding early bulking cassava varieties for drought prone agro ecology of Nigeria - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Development of high yielding early bulking cassava varieties for drought prone agro ecology of Nigeria
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  1. Fundamental for Life: soil, Crop, & Environmental Science ASA. CSSA. SSSA. International Annual meetings October 16 – 19, 2011, San Antonio, TX Grand Challenge # 9: Create a Nutrient Rich Staple Plant Development of high yielding early bulking cassava varieties for drought prone agro ecology of Nigeria Olalekan Akinbo, Emmanuel Okogbenin, Chiedozie Egesi, Clement Adebija, Favour Ewa, Eunice Ekaette, Lydia Ezenwaka, Kenneth Eluwa, UgochukwuIkeogu, Martin Fregene

  2. Background • Cassava is the most important staple food in Africa after maize • Expanding production in drought-prone areas ideal for food security programmes • Close to 100 million Nigerians eat cassava – based food at least once a day • Still a subsistence crop except for a few countries • Features as a suitable commodity to drive Africa’s economic development

  3. Background cont • Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses • limiting crop productivity worldwide • As water resources become limiting, the • development of drought tolerant crops is • important • Cassava performs well in drought prone • areas (Okogbenin et al., 2003)

  4. Cassava Map of Nigeria Target agro-ecology Experimental site

  5. Meteorological data at Mirjibril in 2009 and 2010 Source: IITA weather station, Kano

  6. We report drought tolerant and resistant varieties of cassava identified for the maximization of productivity potential in drought-prone areas of Nigeria

  7. Evaluation of varieties from Nigeria and Latin American in drought prone agro-ecology of Nigeria • 59varieties (with 2 checks) were evaluated at Mirjibril, Kano drought prone agro-ecological zones in Nigeria • Randomized complete block design

  8. Evaluation of varieties from Nigeria and Latin American in drought prone agro-ecology of Nigeria • 3 replications • Reaction to major pests and diseases as well as yield and physiological parameters collected over two years

  9. This is the period when physiology data on drought screening were taken at the peak of dry season

  10. This is the period when yield data on drought screening were taken at the onset of rain season

  11. Results Low yielding variety High yielding variety Local check

  12. CMD Susceptible local check Low yield local check CMD resistant over local check Improved yield over local check

  13. Growth of cassava leaves during the growing cycle of 2011

  14. Simple statistics of characters of agronomic and diseases from screening of drought materials Kano, 2010

  15. Simple statistics of characters of agronomic and diseases from screening of drought materials Kano, 2011

  16. Tolerant Susceptible Potential Frequency distribution of fresh root yield of the 2010 harvest of screened genotypes from Nigeria and Latin America

  17. Tolerant Susceptible Potential Frequency distribution of dry root yield of the 2010 harvest of screened genotypes from Nigeria and Latin America

  18. Tolerant Susceptible Potentials Frequency distribution of fresh root yield of the 2011 harvest of screened genotypes from Nigeria and Latin America

  19. Tolerant Susceptible Potentials Frequency distribution of dry root yield of the 2011 harvest of screened genotypes from Nigeria and Latin America

  20. General linear model for yield of cassava grown at Mirgibrilin 2011 in Nigeria

  21. General linear model for fresh root yield of cassava grown at Mirgibril over two years in Nigeria

  22. General linear model for dry root yield of cassava grown at Mirgibril over two years in Nigeria

  23. Selection Index • Based on Fresh root yield, Dry root yield, Dry matter content, Vigor, Architecture, Harvest Index, Cassava mosaic disease, Cassava bacterial blight, cassava anthracnose disease SI = +(FRY*10)+(DRY*10)+(DMC*8)+(HI*8)-(Arch*7)-(vig*7)-(CMD*8)-(CBB*7)-(CAD*4)

  24. Selection for 2009 - 2011 of screened germplasm Local check Potentials

  25. Final expectation of yield

  26. Acknowledgements • Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources • on green revolution programme • Federal Ministry of commerce and Industries • National Root crops Research Institute, Umudike • IAR, Kano • Generation Challenge Programme (GCP) • Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)

  27. Thank you for listening