slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protect PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protect

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protect - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 116 Views
  • Uploaded on

National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protection. Peter Tallantire Cabinet Office United Kingdom. Ljubljana 19-21 May 2008. Mutual learning opportunities. Exchange of best practices: United Kingdom:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protect' - kaiya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

National Security Strategy – United Kingdom

Presentation to the 20th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protection

Peter Tallantire

Cabinet Office

United Kingdom

  • Ljubljana 19-21 May 2008
mutual learning opportunities
Mutual learning opportunities

Exchange of best practices:

  • United Kingdom:
    • National Risk Method
  • The Netherlands:
    • National Safety and Security Strategy
slide3

The Role of the Cabinet Office

  • The Role of the Cabinet Office
  • The aim of the Cabinet Office is:
    • To make government work better
  • The Cabinet Office Objectives:
    • Supporting the Prime Minister
    • Supporting the Cabinet
    • Strengthening the Civil Service
  • Cabinet Office Groups / Secretariats:
      • Security, Intelligence & Resilience, Civil Contingencies, Foreign & Defence Policy, European & Global Issues, Economic & Domestic, and Ceremonial
      • Service Cabinet and its Committees
      • Broker agreement between Departments where policy initiatives cannot otherwise be agreed
security challenges
Security Challenges

TERRORISM

CONTEST strategy in place

Serious and sustained threat from violent extremists. Threat levels published. Mass casualty impact using CBRN technology and can include CNI targets.

STATE LED THREATS TO THE UK

No state or alliance has both the intent and the capability to threaten the UK militarily

UK subject to high levels of covert non- military activity by foreign intelligence organisations.

GLOBAL INSTABILITY and CONFLICT and FAILED and FRAGILE STATES

Violent and serious conflict within states

Difficult to predict shocks or conflicts.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS and other WMD

Stockpile of nuclear weapons

No state currently has the intent or capability to pose a direct nuclear threat to the UK but risk might emerge in the future.

CIVIL EMERGENCIES

Over half the COBR activations in 2007

Ability to respond to disruptive challenges such as FMD, pan flu, fuel shortages, power failures and extreme weather.

TRANS NATIONAL ORGANISED CRIME

fraud, illegal drugs trade, weapons, immigration and human trafficking

Threat to legitimate livelihoods, undermine & corrupt economies, societies & governments ; cause or exacerbate state failures leading to civil war or violent conflict. Support of terrorist networks?

DRIVERS OF INSECURITY

Climate change, competition for energy, poverty / inequality, globalisation & increasing interdependence of risks.

working together
Working Together
  • CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUALS & COMMUNITIES
  • Individuals have essential role to play:
  • BEING VIGILANT AGAINST TERRORISM
  • PLANNING FOR AND TAKING A MORE ACTIVE ROLE IN RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES
  • PLAYING PART IN TACKLING LONGER TERM CHALLENGES
  • VOLUNTEERING & DIALOGUE TO ENSURE SHARED VALUES UPHELD

STRENGTHENING NATIONAL SECURITY STRUCTURES

  • JOINT PARLIAMENTARY NATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE
  • STRENGTHEN FORWARD PLANNING
  • IMPROVE STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE ON PRIORITIES THROUGH BETTER CONNECTIONS
  • NATIONAL SECURITY FORUM
  • PULISH NATIONAL RISK REGISTER
national risk assessment matrix
National Risk Assessment Matrix
  • 5

Key

Very high

  • 4

High

T38, H41

  • Impact

Medium

H4, H48, T3, T4

T13, T37, T39, T41

  • 3

H6, H25

H26, H38, T5

T10, T18, T26

T35, T46, T59

Low

  • 2
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • Likelihood
slide8

5

4

3

2

1

1

2

3

4

5

National Resilience Planning Assumptions

  • Risks
  • What risks should drive planning?
  • What is the reasonable worst case, taken across those risks

plus

  • Consequences
  • What are the generic consequences?
  • Reasonable worst case warning time?
  • Regional variation?
  • Military involvement?
  • Interdependency?

=

Essential Services Planning Assumptions

Functional Planning Assumptions

planning assumptions functional
Planning Assumptions - Functional
  • Human Fatalities with Infectious Disease
  • People with Illness
  • Human Fatalities caused by Conventional Incidents
  • Human Casualties caused by Conventional Incidents
  • Biological Release
  • Radiological Environmental Contamination
  • Radiological Release
  • Chemical Releases
  • Debris / Rubble
  • Major Flooding
  • Influx of British Nationals
  • Infected Animals
  • Fire and Rescue Cover
planning assumptions essential services
Planning Assumptions - Essential Services
  • Water Supply
  • Transport
  • Oil and Fuel
  • Gas
  • Electricity
  • Telecoms
  • Health
  • Financial Services
the future continue building capability
The Future – Continue Building Capability

Technical:

Mass fatalities

Humanitarian Assistance

CBRN (Model Response)

Telecomms resilience

Planning

Flu; and …

Human:

The Human Component of Resilience

Crisis leadership capacity

Professionalism through standards

raise the bar
Raise the Bar

Catastrophic Events:

Wide Area Flooding

‘Black Start’

Recovery

Continue Learning the Lessons (Newton, Pitt, Anderson)

CCA ‘6000-mile Service’

London Olympics 2012

New or more physical capabilities

The human component

New/more/different procedures

Horizontal Mutual Aid

Training – especially collective.

‘Reaching Out’:

Citizens and their families

Citizens in communities

slide13

National Security Strategy The Netherlands

The first results:

National Risk Assessment

Mass Evacuation Task

Dick Schoof

Director-general for Public Safety and Security

Ministry of the Interior & Kingdom Relations, The Netherlands

Ljubljana, 19 - 21 May 2008

slide14

Short background Netherlands’ Security Strategy

National Security Strategy published May 2007

There is a need for a more coordinated

and integrated approach on National Security

More complex society

Increaseddependence on complex systems

Diffuse and changing threats

Interdependence dimension of threats

International dimension of threats

Focus: all-hazard approach

slide15

What is National Safety & Security?

  • Focus on 5 vital interests:
    • - Territorial security
    • - Physical security
    • - Economical security
    • Ecological security
    • Social & political stability
    • Scope:
    • (Potential) disruption of society
    • throughout the entire security chain
slide16

National SecurityStrategy

Which threats do we face? And what is the impact?

What do we need to do?

What do we need to have?

Threat/risk analysis

Risk

Assessment

Tasks

Capabilities

(planning

assumptions)

Policy

arrangements

Horizon scanning

National threatprogress report (short & long term horizon scanning)

National risk assessment

Advice national capabilities

slide17

National Risk Assessment

  • 2007-2008 priority is given to:
  • Climate change
  • Polarization and radicalization
  • Certainty of the energy supply
  • In total 13 risk scenarios
slide18

Impact

Risk Diagram

E

I

II

D

C

III

B

A

Likelihood

Veryunlikely

Unlikely

Possible

Likely

Very likely

slide19

3 Risk categories

  • High impact and highly probable:
    • Flupandemic
    • Oil crisis
  • High impact but unlikely:
    • Malicious disruption of electricity
    • Floods
  • Low impact but highly probable:
    • Polarisation and radicalisation
    • National black-out electricity
slide20

Overall analysis high impact risks:

  • High impact criteria:
    • costs
    • disruption common life
    • psychological/social impact
  • Shortage vital products and services
    • Management of vital products and services
  • In critical phase: government cannot do it alone
    • Self help of citizens
slide21

Shared responsibilities

  • Government (Central, Regional, Local)
  • Private sector
  • Citizens
  • Cooperation with non-profit and international organizations
  • Dilemma’s
  • How to activate the private sector without financial donations?
  • How to raise awareness of citizens without a real time threat?
  • Risk communications
slide22

Mass evacuation

  • 2 scenario’s: coast and rivers
  • Conclusion:
  • Coast: preventive evacuation is no option
  • Rivers: preventive evacuation is possible
slide23

10 actions for the future

1. Itensify preparation flu pandemic

2. Review IEA mechanism (oil crisis)

3. National operational evacuation plan

4. National strategy distribution of shortage (securing, guarding, energy, (drinking) water)

5. Research solidness communication (C2000, cell broadcast)

6. National information system (Netcentric)

7. Continuity vital infrastructure

8. Increase self helpness citizens

9. Investigation capabilities civil-military cooperation

10. Broaden mass evacuation to CBRN and forest fires

slide24

In the near future

  • End of May reports:
  • National Risk Assessment + Mass Evacuation Task
  •  Council of Ministers
  • Advice: all information is made public
  • Follow-up international conference on national safety & security
  • Questionnaire: to set up a network of people (government, science, private sector) interested in issues of particular aspects of national safety & security
  • Analysis outcomes questionnaire will follow before the Summer