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National Security Strategy – United Kingdom Presentation to the 20 th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protection. Peter Tallantire Cabinet Office United Kingdom. Ljubljana 19-21 May 2008. Mutual learning opportunities. Exchange of best practices: United Kingdom:
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Presentation to the 20th Meeting of EU Director Generals for Civil Protection
Exchange of best practices:
CONTEST strategy in place
Serious and sustained threat from violent extremists. Threat levels published. Mass casualty impact using CBRN technology and can include CNI targets.
STATE LED THREATS TO THE UK
No state or alliance has both the intent and the capability to threaten the UK militarily
UK subject to high levels of covert non- military activity by foreign intelligence organisations.
GLOBAL INSTABILITY and CONFLICT and FAILED and FRAGILE STATES
Violent and serious conflict within states
Difficult to predict shocks or conflicts.
NUCLEAR WEAPONS and other WMD
Stockpile of nuclear weapons
No state currently has the intent or capability to pose a direct nuclear threat to the UK but risk might emerge in the future.
Over half the COBR activations in 2007
Ability to respond to disruptive challenges such as FMD, pan flu, fuel shortages, power failures and extreme weather.
TRANS NATIONAL ORGANISED CRIME
fraud, illegal drugs trade, weapons, immigration and human trafficking
Threat to legitimate livelihoods, undermine & corrupt economies, societies & governments ; cause or exacerbate state failures leading to civil war or violent conflict. Support of terrorist networks?
DRIVERS OF INSECURITY
Climate change, competition for energy, poverty / inequality, globalisation & increasing interdependence of risks.
STRENGTHENING NATIONAL SECURITY STRUCTURES
H4, H48, T3, T4
T13, T37, T39, T41
H26, H38, T5
T10, T18, T26
T35, T46, T59
National Resilience Planning Assumptions
Essential Services Planning Assumptions
Functional Planning Assumptions
CBRN (Model Response)
Flu; and …
The Human Component of Resilience
Crisis leadership capacity
Professionalism through standards
Wide Area Flooding
Continue Learning the Lessons (Newton, Pitt, Anderson)
CCA ‘6000-mile Service’
London Olympics 2012
New or more physical capabilities
The human component
Horizontal Mutual Aid
Training – especially collective.
Citizens and their families
Citizens in communities
The first results:
National Risk Assessment
Mass Evacuation Task
Director-general for Public Safety and Security
Ministry of the Interior & Kingdom Relations, The Netherlands
Ljubljana, 19 - 21 May 2008
National Security Strategy published May 2007
There is a need for a more coordinated
and integrated approach on National Security
More complex society
Increaseddependence on complex systems
Diffuse and changing threats
Interdependence dimension of threats
International dimension of threats
Focus: all-hazard approach
Which threats do we face? And what is the impact?
What do we need to do?
What do we need to have?
National threatprogress report (short & long term horizon scanning)
National risk assessment
Advice national capabilities
1. Itensify preparation flu pandemic
2. Review IEA mechanism (oil crisis)
3. National operational evacuation plan
4. National strategy distribution of shortage (securing, guarding, energy, (drinking) water)
5. Research solidness communication (C2000, cell broadcast)
6. National information system (Netcentric)
7. Continuity vital infrastructure
8. Increase self helpness citizens
9. Investigation capabilities civil-military cooperation
10. Broaden mass evacuation to CBRN and forest fires