World War II. 1939 - 1945. The Rise of Fascism. Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anti- communist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above the rights of the individual.
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In Jan. 1942, the Axis powers had a big advantage in Europe. By then, Britain was almost defeated, the Axis controlled almost all of continental Europe, and German troops had captured most of North Africa.
German subs were trying to keep food and supplies from reaching Britain.
On Dec. 7, 1941, about one-half of General MacArthur’s air force was destroyed on the ground at Clark Air Field in the Philippines.
Within days, a large Japanese force landed in the Philippines and MacArthur withdrew to the Bataan Peninsula on Manila Bay. There he set up defenses, hoping the US Navy could evacuate his men to safety.
After the defeat of the Axis powers, all territories that had been taken over by Japan were returned to their pre-war status.
All of the German-occupied territories were supposed to be given free elections, but only the W. European nations became democratic. Stalin refused to honor the Yalta agreements and made E. Europe into a series of Communist dictatorships.