REDUCING CARBON DIOXIDE in COLORADO. AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH . Lakshman Guruswamy, Ph.D Director Energy Environment Security Initiative (EESI) Nicholas Doman Professor of International Environmental Law University of Colorado at Boulder. CDPHE CO 2 REDUCTION PROJECTS.
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AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH
Lakshman Guruswamy, Ph.D
Director Energy Environment Security Initiative (EESI)
Nicholas Doman Professor of International Environmental Law
University of Colorado at Boulder
EMISSIONS TRADING (UPSTREAM)
GEOLOGIC SEQUESTRATION &(DOWNSTREAM)
TERRESTRIAL SEQUESTRATION (DOWNSTREAM
Liquid Fuels & Other Petroleum
Annual Energy Outlook 2007
(million metric tons)
8,114 in 2030
7,119 in 2020
6,365 in 2010
7,950 in 2030
6,944 in 2020
6,214 in 2010
Carbon Dioxide Emission Intensity, 1980-2030
(metric tons per million 2000 dollars of GDP)
488 in 2010
406 in 2020
351 in 2030
486 in 2010
407 in 2020
353 in 2030
Annual Energy Outlook 2006 and 2007
energy can be transferred from one system to another in many forms. However, it can not be created nor destroyed. Thus, the total amount of energy available in the Universe is constant.
(Teff ~ 6000K
mainly UV, optical and IR)
Earth’s Radiation(Teff ~ 300K mainly IR)
Energy & Material Flows in the Economy
Needs & Wants
It has been estimated that 20 percent or more of targeted CO2 emission reductions could be met by agriculture soil carbon sequestration.
Low Net CO2
Facility Can Be
Placed On Unused
Source: Miller, Living in the Environment, Thompson 2005
Rural China uses over 500,000 biogas digesters.
Burning the methane from these digesters yield more energy than directly burning the material.
300 wells drilled in U.S. landfills provide millions of people with energy.
1/4 of the electricity and 1/10 of the heating for the BMW plant in Spartanburg, S.C. comes from landfill methane.
Sources: On Road Development of John Deere 6081 Natural Gas Engine, NREL 2001; Miller, Living in the Environment, Thompson 2005
2. Ethanol plant by E. Caruso
3. Biodiesel plant by ReNewable Energy Resources
Co gen waste (steam) to make Ethanol
Ethanol waste sludge for BiodieselGOODLAND KANSAS EXAMPLE